Hodophobia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hodophobia
Other namesFear of travel
Sample postcard, cartoon postcard printed by the Asheville Post Card Co, two people traveling in a... (NBY 422007).jpg
SpecialtyPsychiatry
Symptomsintense, persistent anxiety with thoughts of travel and/or during travels[1]
Durationpersistent, typically lasting for 6 months or more[1]
Differential diagnosisSeparation anxiety, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Major depressive disorder[1]
TreatmentExposure Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy[1]

Hodophobia is an irrational fear, or phobia, of travel.[2][3]

Hodophobia should not to be confused with travel aversion.[4][5]

Acute anxiety provoked by travel can be treated with anti-anxiety medication.[6][7] The condition can be treated with exposure therapy, which works better when combined with cognitive behavioral therapy.[6][7]

Signs and symptoms[edit]

People with fear of traveling experience intense, persistent fear or anxiety when they think about traveling and/or during travel.[8][9] They will avoid travel if they can, and the fear, anxiety, and avoidance cause significant distress and impair their ability to function.[8][9]

Related phobias[edit]

Cause[edit]

The causes of hodophobia and the mechanisms by which it is maintained are often complex, as with many phobias.[8][10]

Diagnosis[edit]

The diagnosis is clinical.[8] It is often difficult to determine if the specific phobia of hodophobia should be the primary diagnosis, or if it is a symptom of a generalized anxiety disorder or another anxiety disorder.[8][11]

Classification[edit]

Hodophobia is a specific phobia as classified in the DSM-5.[12]

Management[edit]

Acute anxiety caused by travel can be treated with anti-anxiety medication.[6][7] The condition can also be treated with exposure therapy which works better when combined with cognitive behavioral therapy.[6][7][13] Relaxation techniques and education can also be helpful in combination with other approaches.[9][13][14]

Society and culture[edit]

Sigmund Freud, the famous neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, confessed in a number of letters that he suffered from fear of travel.[15] He used the term "Reiseangst" for it, which means "travel anxiety" or "fear of travel" in the German language.[16] However Freud's anxiety was not a "true" phobia.[16]

See also[edit]

Other travel-related disorders include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d American Psychiatric Association (2013), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.), Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, pp. 217–221, 938, ISBN 978-0890425558
  2. ^ multiple sources
  3. ^ "healthcentral: Hodophobia - The fear of traveling". healthcentral.com. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  4. ^ "WebMD_The Fear Factor: Phobias". WebMD. WebMD. Archived from the original on 24 January 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  5. ^ "EscapeTheIvoryTower: The difference between fear and aversion". EscapeTheIvoryTower.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "Huffington Post: You Won't Believe What Could Cure Your Fear of Flying". Huffington Post. Huffington Post. 2014-01-06. Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "PsychologyToday: Anti-Anxiety Medication and Flying". Psychology Today. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Singh H, Awayz H, Murali T (2017). An Unusual Case of Phobia: Hodophobia (PDF) (Volume 4, Issue 2, No. 95 ed.). International Journal of Indian Psychology. pp. ISSN:2349-3429 (p). ISBN 978-1-365-84231-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  9. ^ a b c "HealthCentral: Hodophobia". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  10. ^ Bozman, Edward. "CommonPhobias - Hodophobia". Common-Phobias.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  11. ^ "From Fear To There: What is hodophobia?". fromfeartothere.com. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  12. ^ *"CommonPhobias: Hodophobia". Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. *"Theravive: Specific Phobia DSM-5 300.29". Theravive.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2018. *"UPenn: Specific Phobias". www.med.upenn.edu. Archived from the original on 2 September 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Psycom - specific phobias". psycom.net. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Calm Clinic - Introduction to Travel Anxiety: Causes and Cures". www.calmclinic.com. Archived from the original on 23 December 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  15. ^ Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, Volumes 16-18, p. 73 Archived 2020-08-12 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ a b Paul C. Vitz, Sigmund Freud's Christian Unconscious, . 25 Archived 2018-11-19 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]