Hoesik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hoesik (Korean: 회식, Hanja: 會食, transl. eating together) is a popular type of gathering in the society of South Korea, and refers to a group of people getting together to eat and drink. In Korean society, Hoesik has been established as a subculture of an organization or enterprise.

Origin[edit]

The origin of the Hoesik was based on the word "Hoe-min" of the Joseon Dynasty.[1] It is said that the word "Hoe-min" was used in order to make the kings and officials of Joseon become 'Let's be one'.[1] It seems that the most likely theory has changed from the word "Hoe-min" to "Hoesik".[1] In this way, Hoesik is not a place for the individual, as it can be interpreted as an interpretation that the king and his subjects should live together and eat together.[1]

History[edit]

1980s~1990s[edit]

Under the influence of Korean traditional military cultures, those lower than the superior must drink. Binge drinking was mainly encouraged by the 'bomb shot' or 'poktanju,' including beer+spirits and soju+spirits.[1] In the 1990s, however, the campaign for sound drinking started, and the culture to avoid social gatherings spread due to the IMF economic crisis.[1]

2000s~the present[edit]

Companies and organizations are trying to improve their Hoesik culture as a reaction to the prevailing social atmosphere surrounding the issues of 'bombshot', drinking glasses, and sexual harassment.[1] Instead of focusing on just drinking and dancing, other forms of entertainment and cultural gatherings, such as watching movies and bowling are becoming increasingly common.[1]

Changes in Hoesik with the enactment of the new law[edit]

Kim Young-ran Act(Korean: 김영란법), also known as the anti-graft law, refers to the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act.[2] After this law was enacted , various Hoesik practices and after work entertainment culture have significantly decreased, while the percent of individual leisure activities has increased.[2]

Changes in Hoesik with Me too movement[edit]

In 2017, the Me Too movement was widespread in Korea.[3] And the Me too Movement is changing the Hoesik inside Korean companies.[3] The senior employees that were leading the Hoesik had fewer Hoesik as they left early.[3] Some companies and public organizations are trying to reduce or eliminate events that their subordinates are uncomfortable with due to the Me too Movement movement.[3] In other words, the heosik that were forced on subordinates is decreasing.[3]

Function[edit]

Positive function[edit]

Hwoesik is a place where members of an organization can relax their tension and stress, increase their closeness to each other, and resolve conflicts.[4] Enhance understanding among team members and help them become closer to each other.[5] By reducing stress on members and eliminating inter-person and interdepartmental conflicts, it is possible to create harmony among members and increase efficiency of production.[5]

Adverse effect[edit]

Excessive drinking and forced drinking[edit]

One cannot get away from alcohol at a Hwoesik.[6] Heavy drinking is a cause of embarrassment to people that are unable to drink well.[6] This is because the boss or other office superiors are present and can witness one's drunken behavior.[6] Because of the difficulty of refusing, people are forced to drink excessively.[6] The next day's hangover can make them feel very tired and they can not go to work or spend the day in a bad mood.[6]

Forced attendance at hwoesik[edit]

Many company employees are forced to attend, although their attendance is often passive and uncomfortable. Supervisors may lead the conversation while subordinates follow the conversation.[6]

Loss of human relations with late hwoesik[edit]

Most conversations at a hwoesik may be with colleagues and supervisors and focus on company's shortcomings and company gossip.[6] Negative talk and gossip can extend outside the hwoesik, leading to a breakdown of relationships and the internal atmosphere.[6]

Lack of intent[edit]

Most of them drink only food and drink and refuse to express their inner feelings.[6]

Conflicts with law[edit]

Intoxication as a cause of a hwoesik can lead to a loss of inhibitions and judgement. Cases of sexual harassment and drunk driving have been associated with hwoesik events.[7][8][9][10]

Other Countries[edit]

China[edit]

Chinese people enjoy dining at restaurants on holidays with family or friends. Such dining culture serves to exchange feelings each other and make conversation in positive ways.[11] Most of the restaurants that Chinese people visit are popular restaurants, which are relatively cheap.[11] Popularity of the restaurant is the first condition that identifying the restaurant.[11] Some special restaurants are less expensive, but they are not included in the category of popular restaurants because the menu is not diverse.[11] Popular restaurants refer to Chinese traditional dishes that are popular and common to the public, such as cold, fried, soup and stock. It is also the most common restaurant on Chinese streets.[11] Some popular restaurants will reveal Shanghai cuisine and Guangdong cuisine on their signboards to show which food system they serve.[11] Therefore, an area that does not identify the region's cuisine on the sign serves dishes that are to the taste of the local people.[11]

Japan[edit]

Half of the Japanese drinks alcohol, but the number keeps increasing.[12] Japanese men enjoy drinking and it is common for a small number of people to drink at a pub without going home directly after work. Japanese say, " [12] Silence is gold " as their motto, but when confronted with something that is worrying, they still drink away their worries.[12] It's polite to toast together at the beginning and drink whatever you want next.[12] In Japan, Geonbae means holding glasses and drinking only the amount you want.[12] In Japan, when a woman drinks well at a dinner party, she gets praised.[12] Japanese people usually like to drink in the evening to relieve stress after a day's work.[12] In addition, Japanese people often change places where they drink and do not drink in the same places to feel different tastes at their regular dining parties.[12]

Foods[edit]

korean food jeon

Rainy day[edit]

Koreans enjoy hwoesik with Makgeolli (raw rice wine) and Jeon on a rainy day.[13] There is a hypothesis that this is because the sound of the rain is similar to the sound of making the Jeon.[13] And there is a hypothesis that on rainy days, your body's blood sugar level drops, helping to increase your blood sugar level.[13] On rainy days, sales of flour and Makgeolli were also found to have risen sharply in large discount stores.[13] A comparison of the rainy and sunny sales of Makgeolli and flour in Korean marts shows that sales of flour and MakgeollI rose 36.5 percent and 17.9 percent, respectively.[13] This shows that Koreans eat a lot of Makgeolli and Jeon on rainy days.[13]

Yellow dust day[edit]

samgyeopsal and soju

Koreans eat a lot of samgyeopsal in yellow dust.[14] It was a popular food among Korean miners, who ate it after work.[14] This is because the miners have believed that after working in lots of dust, samgyeopsal washed the dust with their fat.[14] And Koreans who enjoy Hwoesik usually drinks soju with samgyeopsal.[14] Because of its good taste and cheap price. For these reasons, eating with samgyeopsal and soju is popular on yellow dust days.[14] However, there is no scientific evidence that samgyeopsal is good for yellow dust.[15]

Health[edit]

Alcohol consumption is a prerequisite for a hwoesik in Korea.[16] There is no such thing as a non-drinking hwoesik.[16]

Liver[edit]

Since most people with liver cancer drink alcohol, alcohol accounts for a significant portion of liver cancer.[17] In Korea, almost everyone drinks alcohol unlike other countries, but in foreign countries, there is a clear distinction between those who drink and those who do not.[17] Among American liver cancer cases, alcohol accounted for 30 to 40 percent.[17]

Brain[edit]

Alcohol and health, especially brain health, are closely related.[18] Therefore, many health damage occurs and national loss occurs. Direct brain damage caused by alcohol is Alzheimer's, Bernice's syndrome, alcoholic peripheral neuropathy, alcoholic cerebellum contraction, and cerebral bridge (part of the left and right brain) contraction.[18]

Stomach[edit]

Alcohol is quickly absorbed from the stomach and 80 percent is absorbed before going to the intestines.[19] High concentrations of alcohol can also damage the stomach's mucous membrane.[19] When alcohol goes straight Stomach, it reduces the secretion of gastric juices.[19] It can also cause interference to the mucous membrane of the stomach.[19]

See also[edit]

Drinking culture of Korea

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h In, Mihee (Winter 2018). 직장인의 파티중심 회식문화의 발전 방안 연구 [A Study on the Development of Party-Focused Gathering Culture for Workers] (Master's Thesis). pp. 8–18 – via Sungshin Women's University Library.
  2. ^ a b Sun, MyeongSu (2016-10-27). "Changes in Hwoesik after the Kim Young-ran Act was enforced". Khanbiz (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  3. ^ a b c d e Hyeongjune, Kim (2018-03-13). "The hoesik culture changed by the Me too movement". hankookilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  4. ^ Tim, Alper (2009-01-02). "[Living in Korea] Benefits of community culture - Hwoesik". Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  5. ^ a b "Sincere communication through Hwoesik". www.mobiswebzine.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sim, Wanseop (2017). "회식문화의 패러다임 변화와 새로운 실천방안을 위한 모델링 수립" [Change of Paradigm for the Get-together Culture and Modeling for the New Practices: With emphasis on Qualitative Approach Structural Issues and Improvement Directions]. 문화산업연구. 17: 25–32 – via KCI.
  7. ^ Dailian Spot, News Team (2018-02-28). "An Army officer who molested a female soldier at a hwoesik … relieved of his position". Naver. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  8. ^ Nam, Sora (2018-05-31). "Seoul National University (SNU) professor charges of sexual harassment, " Touch the thighs of female students at hwoesik. "". Bridge Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  9. ^ "Super Junior Kang-in to investigate on a charge of running after drinking and driving". Huffingtonpost Korea (in Korean). 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  10. ^ Lim, Eunji (2018-04-02). "Kim Saeng-min, two female molesters at a dinner party … "broadcasting company, abusive language", etc". www.kukinews.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Hwoesik culture in China" (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Jo, Samang (2013). (The) study about the Differences on wine culture and tea culture between China and Japan (Master's Thesis). 2. pp. 1–20 – via Library of Kongju University.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Choi, Kyeongjoon (2009-06-10). "On a rainy day, why is Makgeolli ' hungry ' on jeon?". Ohmynews. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  14. ^ a b c d e Kim, Bongkyeu (2008-03-27). "Yellow dust and samgyeopsal". Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  15. ^ Lee, Hyeri (2013-04-22). "The Misconception and Truth of Samgyeopsal in Yellow dust". ktv.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  16. ^ a b Lee, Seongtak (2018-05-30). "A corporate culture that encourages the binge of " drinking well and working well."". Hankook ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  17. ^ a b c No, Jinseop. "Alcohol, moderate drinking causes liver cancer". sisajournal (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  18. ^ a b Lee, Taekyu. "Alcoholic brain damage, can it be prevented?". Hidoc (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  19. ^ a b c d Kim, Changseop. "What is the effect of alcohol on the stomach?" (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-06-23.