Hogarth House, 34 Paradise Road, Richmond, London
|Status||Owned by Random House|
|Founder||Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf|
|Successor||Chatto & Windus|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
During the interwar period, the Hogarth Press grew from a hobby of the Woolfs to a business when they began using commercial printers. In 1938 Virginia Woolf relinquished her interest in the business and it was then run as a partnership by Leonard Woolf and John Lehmann until 1946, when it became an associate company of Chatto & Windus. "Hogarth" is now an imprint of The Crown Publishing Group, part of Random House Inc.
As well as publishing the works of the members of the Bloomsbury group, the Hogarth Press was at the forefront of publishing works on psychoanalysis and translations of foreign, especially Russian, works.
Printing was a hobby for the Woolfs, and it provided a diversion for Virginia when writing became too stressful. The couple bought a handpress in 1917 for £19 (equivalent to about £900 in 2012) and taught themselves how to use it. The press was set up in the dining room of Hogarth House, where the Woolfs lived, lending its name to the publishing company they founded. In July they published their first text, a book with one story written by Leonard and the other written by Virginia.
Between 1917 and 1946 the Press published 527 titles.
They have recently begun producing a series of modern retellings of William Shakespeare plays, for which they have hired a variety of authors, such as Jeanette Winterson, Howard Jacobson, Anne Tyler, Margaret Atwood, Tracy Chevalier and Edward St Aubyn for The Winter's Tale, The Merchant of Venice, The Taming of the Shrew, The Tempest, Othello and King Lear respectively.
|Number of publications by year from 1917 to 1946|
|Profit generated by the Hogarth Press publication (without bonuses and salaries)|
|Profit||£13 8s 8d||£13 14s 2d||£68 19s 4d||£25 5s 6d||£10 6s 4d||£5 7s 8d||£3 17s 0d||£73 1s 1.5d||£26 19s 1d||£64 2s 0d||£380 16s 0d||£580 14s 8d||£2,373 4s 2.5d||£2,209 0s 1.5d||£1,693 4s 1d||£929 15s 2.5d||£516 13s 0d||£598 7s 2d||£84 5s 0d||£2,422 18s 5d||£35 7s 7d|
Notable title history
- Monday or Tuesday by Virginia Woolf, with woodcuts by Vanessa Bell
- The Devils (1922) by Dostoyevsky – translated by Virginia Woolf herself
- Karn (1922) and Martha Wish-You-Ill (1926) – poetry by Ruth Manning-Sanders
- The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot (1924) – first UK book edition
- In a Province (1934) – first book by Laurens van der Post
- The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (1956–1974), in collaboration with Anna Freud
- The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis (1977) by Jacques Lacan, his first published Seminar.
- Gaither 1986, pp. xx–xxi
- Gaither 1986, p. xviii
- Woolmer 1986
- Willis 1992, 406
- Gaither, Mary E. "The Hogarth Press 1917–1946" pp. xvii–xxxiv in J. Howard Woolmer (1986), A checklist of the Hogarth Press 1917–1946, Woolmer Brotherson Ltd. ISBN 0-906795-38-9.
- Willis, J. H. (1992), Leonard and Virginia Woolf as Publishers: The Hogarth Press, 1917–41, University Press of Virginia. ISBN 0-8139-1361-6.
- Woolmer, J. Howard "Publications of The Hogarth Press" pp. 3–178 in J. Howard Woolmer (1986), A checklist of the Hogarth Press 1917–1946, Woolmer Brotherson Ltd. ISBN 0-906795-38-9.
- Richard Kennedy, A Boy at the Hogarth Press (1972. Whittington Press.) Hesperus Press Ltd ISBN 978-184391-461-7
- Lise Jaillant, ‘Classics behind Plate Glass’: the Hogarth Press and the Uniform Edition of the Works of Virginia Woolf, in Cheap Modernism: Expanding Markets, Publishers' Series and the Avant-Garde (Edinburgh UP, 2017).
- George Spater and Ian Parsons, A Marriage of True Minds: An Intimate Portrait of Leonard and Virginia Woolf (1977. London: J. Cape.) Harvest/HBJ paperback ISBN 0-15-657299-0
- J. Howard Woolmer, A Checklist of the Hogarth Press, 1917–1938 (1976) [With a short history of the press by Mary E. Gaither] Woolmer/Brotherson, 1986, 250 p.: ISBN 0-913506-17-6 (compare Hogarth Press Publications, 1917–1946 at Duke University Library that uses the numbering of the Woolmer publication)
- "Virginia Woolf, the Hogarth Press, and the detective novel" (PDF), essay by Diane F. Gillespie in the South Carolina Review, volume 35.2 (Spring 2003).
- A detailed account of the Hogarth Press at the Yale Modernism Lab
- The Bloomsbury Group and Hogarth Press Collection at the Victoria University Library at the University of Toronto which features all the Hogarth Press books hand-printed by Leonard and Virginia Woolf including many variant issues, bindings and proof copies. (Records for each item can be found in the University of Toronto Library Catalogue.)