Hōhi Main Line
|Hōhi Main Line|
|Opened||1 April 1914|
|Line length||148.0 km (92.0 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||20 kV AC (60 Hz)|
|Hōhi Main Line|
The Hōhi Main Line (豊肥本線 Hōhi-honsen?) is a railway line in Kyushu, southern Japan, operated by the Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu). It connects the west and east coasts of the island. The line originates at Kumamoto Station in Kumamoto and ends at terminal of Ōita Station in Ōita.
In 2012, part of the line was seriously damaged by heavy rain, making it impassable. It took a year to rebuild.
- Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Length: 148.0 km
- Stations: 37 (including terminals)
- Track: Single track
- Kumamoto - Higo Ōzu: 20 kV AC (60 Hz)
- Higo Ōzu - Ōita: None
- Maximum service speed: 95 km/h
- •: Stops, |: Passes through
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Construction of the line commenced from both Oita and Kumamoto in 1914, with connection being achieved with the opening of the Miyaji - Tamarai section in 1928.
Steam locomotives were withdrawn from the line in 1973, and CTC signalling was commissioned on the entire line in 1983. The 22.5 km Kumamoto - Higoozu section was electrified in 1999.
In 1990-91, the line was severed for a year by landslides caused by torrential rain, with a further eight-month period of disruption occurring in 1993-94.
A three-month period of disruption occurred in 2004, and the line was severed from July 2012 until August 2013 due to further landslides induced by torrential rainfall.
Former connecting lines
- Minami Kumamoto Station: the 29 km Yūen Railway to Tomochi opened in sections between 1915 and 1932, and closed in 1964.
- Kamikumamoto Station: the 22 km 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge Kumamoto Light Railway to Otsu opened 1907 and 1914, with a 2.4 km branch to Suizenji. Despite proposals to regauge the line to 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge and electrify it, the anticipated development of the area did not occur at an acceptable rate and the line was closed in 1921.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia