Hoia Forest

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Hoia Forest
Romanian: Pădurea Hoia
Cluj-Napoca - Hoia Forest and Grigorescu district.jpg
Southern slope of Hoia Hill (right), Grigorescu (left), and the valley of the Someșul Mic River (background)
Geography
Map showing the location of Hoia Forest
Map showing the location of Hoia Forest
Location in Romania
Location Cluj County, Transylvania, Romania
Coordinates 46°46′26″N 23°31′19″E / 46.774°N 23.522°E / 46.774; 23.522Coordinates: 46°46′26″N 23°31′19″E / 46.774°N 23.522°E / 46.774; 23.522
Area 295 hectares (729.0 acres)
Website www.hoiabaciuforest.com

The Hoia Forest (Romanian: Pădurea Hoia; Hungarian: Hója-erdő) is a forest situated to the west of the city of Cluj-Napoca, near the open-air section of the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania. The forest is used as a common recreation destination. In recent years a biking park has been added to the forest, along with areas for other sports such as paintball, airsoft and archery.

Geography[edit]

Autumn in Hoia Forest, November 2012

The forest covers an area of about 3 square kilometers. Its southern border begins on a ridge which runs east-west. It does not contain the steep southern slope of the hill, which rises from the Someșul Mic River. To the north, the forest ends on a smoother slope, which meets the Nadăș River.

The eastern end of the forest is bordered by the Tăietura Turcului, an artificial valley that divides the hill from north to south and contains a traffic road. The west end of the forest reaches the northeastern slope of the Dealul Melcilor, nearby the Mujai Forest, which extends further westward. The Bongar valley runs along the south end of this side, which contains a downy oak grove unique to the southern steppe. Part of the northeastern end of the forest is bordered by Valea Lungă (Long Valley), which passes through Eocene limestone and forms Cheile Baciului, a valley with asymmetric slopes. A small natural lake is located upstream from Cheile Baciului, at the border of the forest. There are several springs with potable water at the north edge of the forest, in Valea Lungă.

Archaeological discoveries[edit]

The oldest Neolithic settlement in Romania (believed to have been established around 6500 BC) belonging to the Starčevo–Kőrös–Criş culture was discovered at the north of Valea Lungă. Tombs and houses from this settlement were uncovered between 1960 and 1994.

Legends[edit]

According to legend, the Hoia Forest is the location of paranormal phenomena. Many ghost stories and urban legends contribute to its popularity as a tourist attraction.[1] Lacking any testable evidence, skeptics say these are just stories for entertainment.[2]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Adrian Pătruț - Fenomenele de la Pădurea Hoia-Baciu (Clujul și imprejurimile, a tourist map)

References[edit]

See also[edit]