During the 1991 national population census, the population of Hoima District was about 197,850. In 2002, the national census that year, estimated the population of the district at bout 343,620, with an annual population growth rate of 2.8%. In 2012, the mid-year district population was estimated at 548,800.
Fishing on Lake Albert employs several hundred people. The recent discovery of petroleum in the district is increasingly attracting people from the district in the many activities that the industry entails.