Hoisin sauce

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Hoisin sauce
Hoisin sauce 1.jpg
Deep-fried Jiaozi with hoisin sauce
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese海鮮
Simplified Chinese海鲜
Literal meaningseafood sauce
Vietnamese name
Vietnamesetương đen
Literal meaningblack sauce

Hoisin sauce is a thick, fragrant sauce commonly used in Cantonese cuisine as a glaze for meat, an addition to stir fry, or as dipping sauce. It is darkly-coloured in appearance and sweet and salty in taste. Although regional variants exist, hoisin sauce usually includes soybeans, fennel, red chili peppers, and garlic. Vinegar, five-spice powder and sugar are also commonly added.

Name[edit]

The word hoisin is derived from a shortening of the Chinese words for "seafood sauce" (simplified Chinese: 海鲜酱; traditional Chinese: 海鮮醬; Cantonese Yale: hói sīn jeung; pinyin: hǎixiānjiàng), although the sauce does not contain any seafood ingredients and is not commonly consumed with seafood.[1] The reason for the name is "seafood flavour", a common adjective in Chinese cuisine, especially Sichuanese ("fish fragrant").

Ingredients[edit]

The key ingredient of hoisin sauce is fermented soybean paste.[2]

Some hoisin sauce ingredients include starches such as sweet potato, wheat and rice, and water, sugar, soybeans, sesame seeds, white distilled vinegar, salt, garlic, red chili peppers, and sometimes preservatives or coloring agents. Traditionally, hoisin sauce is made using toasted mashed soybeans.

Uses in regional cuisines[edit]

Cantonese cuisine[edit]

Hoisin sauce is used in Cantonese cuisine as a marinade sauce for meat or as a dipping sauce.

Hoisin sauce can be used as a marinade sauce for meat such as char siu.

Hoisin sauce can be used as a dipping sauce for steamed or panfried rice noodle roll (chángfĕn 肠粉).[3]

American cuisine[edit]

Hoisin sauce can be used as a dipping sauce for Peking duck and lettuce wraps.

Hoisin sauce can be used as a dipping sauce for moo shu pork.[4] [5]

Vietnamese cuisine[edit]

In Vietnamese, hoisin sauce is called tương đen. It is a popular condiment for phở, a Vietnamese noodle soup, in southern Vietnam. The sauce can be directly added into a bowl of phở at the table, or it can be used as a dip for the meat of phở dishes. In phở, hoisin is typically accompanied by Sriracha sauce or tương đỏ. The hoisin sauce is also used to make a dipping sauce for Vietnamese gỏi cuốn (often translated as 'spring roll') and other similar dishes. In cooking, it can be used for glazing broiled chicken.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ozimek, Sarah (August 29, 2018). "Hoisin Sauce". curiouscuisiniere.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  2. ^ . lkk.com [https:/Sauce https:/Sauce] Check |url= value (help). Retrieved January 28, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Crispy Cheung Fan (Rice Noodle Rolls) + Spicy Hoisin & Maple Sesame Sauce". pupswithchopsticks.com. November 13, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  4. ^ Morocco, Chris (March 24, 2017). "This is Our Favorite Brand of Hoisin, a Superb Sauce". bonappetit.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  5. ^ "Moo Shu Pork". foodnetwork.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.

External links[edit]