Hoisin sauce

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Hoisin sauce
Hoisin sauce 1.jpg
Jiaozi with hoisin sauce
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese海鮮
Simplified Chinese海鲜
Literal meaningseafood sauce
Vietnamese name
Vietnamesetương đen
Literal meaningblack sauce

Hoisin sauce is a thick, fragrant sauce commonly used in Chinese cuisine as a glaze for meat, an addition to stir fries, or as dipping sauce. It is darkly colored in appearance and sweet and salty in taste. Although regional variants exist, hoisin sauce usually includes soy beans, fennel seeds, red chillies, and garlic. Vinegar, Chinese five spice and sugar are also commonly added. The word hoisin (海鮮, Cantonese: hoi2 sin1 Mandarin: hǎixiān) is Chinese for seafood, but the sauce does not contain any seafood ingredients.


Peking-style hoisin sauce ingredients include starches such as sweet potato, wheat and rice, and water, sugar, soybeans, sesame seeds, white distilled vinegar, salt, garlic, red chili peppers, and sometimes preservatives or coloring agents. Traditionally, hoisin sauce is made using toasted mashed soybeans. Despite the literal meaning, hoisin sauce does not contain seafood, nor is it typically used with it.


Chinese cuisine[edit]

Hoisin sauce on a Peking duck wrap

Few Chinese cuisine dishes use this sauce. It is most commonly used in Cantonese cuisine as a flavoring for barbecued pork marinade, and also as a condiment for Peking duck.

Vietnamese cuisine[edit]

In Vietnamese, hoisin sauce is called "tương đen". It is a popular condiment for phở, a Vietnamese noodle soup, in southern Vietnam. The sauce can be directly added into a bowl of phở at the table, or it can be used as a dip for the meat of phở dishes. In phở, hoisin is typically accompanied by Sriracha sauce or "tương đỏ". The hoisin sauce is also used to make a dipping sauce for Vietnamese spring rolls and other dishes similar to spring and summer rolls. In cooking, it can be used for glazing broiled chicken.

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