Hoke County, North Carolina

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Hoke County
Hoke County Courthouse in Raeford
Hoke County Courthouse in Raeford
Flag of Hoke County
Official seal of Hoke County
Official logo of Hoke County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Hoke County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°01′N 79°14′W / 35.02°N 79.23°W / 35.02; -79.23
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1911
Named forRobert F. Hoke
SeatRaeford
Largest cityRaeford
Area
 • Total392 sq mi (1,020 km2)
 • Land391 sq mi (1,010 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.4%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
53,114
 • Density135.8/sq mi (52.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district9th
Websitewww.hokecounty.net

Hoke County is a county in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, its population was 52,082.[1] Its county seat is Raeford.[2]

Hoke County is part of the Fayetteville metropolitan statistical area. The county is home to part of the Fort Bragg military reservation.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1911 from parts of Cumberland and Robeson Counties. It was named for Robert F. Hoke, a Confederate general in the American Civil War.[3]

Geography[edit]

Map
Interactive map of Hoke County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 392 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 391 square miles (1,010 km2) are land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.4%) are covered by water.[4]

State and local protected areas[edit]

Major water bodies[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Major Infrastructure[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
192011,722
193014,24421.5%
194014,9374.9%
195015,7565.5%
196016,3563.8%
197016,4360.5%
198020,38324.0%
199022,85612.1%
200033,64647.2%
201046,95239.5%
202052,08210.9%
2021 (est.)53,114[11]2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[16]
2020[17]

2020 census[edit]

Hoke County racial composition[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 19,667 37.76%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 16,385 31.46%
Native American 3,803 7.3%
Asian 716 1.37%
Pacific Islander 189 0.36%
Other/Mixed 3,635 6.98%
Hispanic or Latino 7,687 14.76%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 52,082 people, 17,799 households, and 12,300 families residing in the county.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2010, 46,952 people, 11,373 households, and 8,745 families resided in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km2). The 12,518 housing units averaged 32 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 44.53% White, 37.64% African American, 11.45% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. About 7.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2005 census estimate[edit]

By 2005, 42.1% of the population was non-Hispanic whites; 10.1% of the population was Native American. 36.3% of the population was African-Americans. 9.8% of the population was Latino. 1.8% of the population reported more than one race (but it should be remembered that this category excluded Latinos) and 1.0% of the population was Asian.

2000 census[edit]

In 2000, of the 11,373 households, 41.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were not families. About 19.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was distributed as 29.80% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,230, and for a family was $36,110. Males had a median income of $27,925 versus $21,184 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,635. About 14.40% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Hoke County is a member of the Lumber River Council of Governments, a regional planning board representing five counties.[20]

United States presidential election results for Hoke County, North Carolina[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,453 43.69% 11,804 54.55% 382 1.77%
2016 7,760 42.57% 9,726 53.35% 744 4.08%
2012 6,819 39.90% 10,076 58.96% 194 1.14%
2008 6,293 40.27% 9,227 59.05% 107 0.68%
2004 5,257 47.41% 5,794 52.25% 37 0.33%
2000 3,439 40.07% 5,017 58.46% 126 1.47%
1996 1,914 32.28% 3,510 59.20% 505 8.52%
1992 1,711 27.00% 3,730 58.86% 896 14.14%
1988 2,020 37.88% 3,281 61.52% 32 0.60%
1984 2,449 43.14% 3,214 56.61% 14 0.25%
1980 1,168 25.24% 3,376 72.95% 84 1.82%
1976 920 22.31% 3,186 77.27% 17 0.41%
1972 1,927 56.25% 1,466 42.79% 33 0.96%
1968 812 17.88% 2,185 48.11% 1,545 34.02%
1964 779 25.68% 2,254 74.32% 0 0.00%
1960 596 22.06% 2,106 77.94% 0 0.00%
1956 513 20.88% 1,944 79.12% 0 0.00%
1952 616 25.92% 1,761 74.08% 0 0.00%
1948 142 8.56% 1,339 80.71% 178 10.73%
1944 160 8.24% 1,782 91.76% 0 0.00%
1940 117 5.79% 1,904 94.21% 0 0.00%
1936 141 6.73% 1,953 93.27% 0 0.00%
1932 65 3.51% 1,780 96.22% 5 0.27%
1928 311 21.23% 1,154 78.77% 0 0.00%
1924 141 10.92% 1,146 88.77% 4 0.31%
1920 166 11.59% 1,266 88.41% 0 0.00%
1916 110 12.36% 780 87.64% 0 0.00%
1912 63 8.64% 626 85.87% 40 5.49%

Education[edit]

Most of the county is in Hoke County Schools. However sections in Fort Bragg are served by schools in the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA),[22] for grades K-8. However high school level students living on Fort Bragg go to the local public high schools operated by the respective county they live in.[23]

Communities[edit]

Map of Hoke County, North Carolina, with municipal and township labels

City[edit]

  • Raeford (county seat and largest city)

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Allendale
  • Antioch
  • Blue Springs
  • Fort Bragg Military Reservation
  • McLauchlin
  • Raeford
  • Quewhiffle
  • Stonewall

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hoke County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Heidler, David Stephen; Heidler, Jeanne T.; Coles, David J. (2002). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political Social and Military History. W.W. Norton. pp. 983–984. ISBN 978-0-393-04758-5. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "Calloway Forest Preserve". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  6. ^ "Hoke Community Forest". The Conservation Fund. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  7. ^ "Stop 13: Rockfish Creek Game Land". www.visitfayettevillenc.com. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  8. ^ Center, Richmond Country Tourism Development Authority/ Richmond County Visitor's. "Sandhills Game Land". Richmond Country Tourism Development Authority/ Richmond County Visitor's Center. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  9. ^ "Fishing in Little Rockfish Creek". Fishbrain. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  10. ^ "McArthur Lake". www.visitfayettevillenc.com. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hoke County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  16. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hoke County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ "Richardson explains role of LRCOG to Rotary Club". The Laurinburg Exchange. January 28, 2020. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  22. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Hoke County, NC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 5, 2022. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - Text list - "Fort Bragg Schools" refers to the DoDEA schools.
  23. ^ "Fort Bragg/Cuba Community". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved July 5, 2022.

Further reading[edit]

  • Monroe, Joyce C.; Raeford-Hoke Museum (2011). Hoke County. Arcadia Publishing SC. ISBN 978-0-7385-8679-3.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°01′N 79°14′W / 35.02°N 79.23°W / 35.02; -79.23