Ainu Association of Hokkaido

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The Hokkaido Utari Association (北海道ウタリ協会 Hokkaidō Utari Kyōkai?) is an umbrella group of which most Hokkaidō Ainu and some other Ainu are members. Originally controlled by the government with the intention of speeding Ainu assimilation and integration into the Japanese nation state, it now operates independently of the government and is run exclusively by Ainu.

It was established in 1930 under the name Hokkaido Ainu Association (北海道アイヌ協会 Hokkaidō Ainu Kyōkai?). Since 1961 utari has been used instead of "Ainu". The group has been influential in raising public awareness of Ainu issues. The organization's name was changed back to Hokkaido Ainu Association in early 2009.[1] From 1964 to 1996, its executive director was Giichi Nomura.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "ウタリ協会、アイヌ協会に 来春、半世紀ぶり名称変更" [Next spring, after half a century Ainu Association changed its name, the Ainu Association]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese) (Osaka). 16 May 2008. Archived from the original on 19 May 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 

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