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The Hokuriku region (北陸地方 Hokuriku chihō?, Lit. "Northlands region") is located in the northwestern part of Honshu, the main island of Japan. It lies along the Sea of Japan within the Chūbu region. It is almost equivalent to Koshi Province and Hokurikudō area in pre-modern Japan.
- Shin'etsu (信越?): includes Niigata and Nagano prefectures
- Kōshin'etsu (甲信越?): includes Niigata, Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures
- Hokushin'etsu (北信越?): includes both the Hokuriku and Shin'etsu regions
The major population centers of Hokuriku are:
Of these, Niigata is the largest with a population of over 800,000.
The main industries in the Hokuriku area include chemicals, medicine, tourism, textiles and textile machinery, heavy machinery, farming, and fishing. Koshihikari, a popular variety of rice is a special product of Hokuriku region.
The Hokuriku region has the highest volume of snowfall of any inhabited and arable region in the world. This is because dry Siberian air masses, which develop high humidity over the Sea of Japan, are forced upwards when they encounter the mountains of Honshū, causing the humidity to condense as snow.
Hokuriku is listed as #4 in Lonely Planet's Best in Travel 2014 - Top 10 Regions. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/travel-tips-and-articles/lonely-planets-best-in-travel-2014-top-10-regions
- Kōshin'etsu region
- Shin'etsu region
- Tōkai region
- Hokuriku Shinkansen
- Hokuriku Main Line
- Hokuriku Expressway
- Hokuriku dialect
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. OCLC 58053128. ISBN 0-674-01753-6, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
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