Holbeach Marsh

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Holbeach Marsh
HOLBEACH MARSH MAP.jpg
Extent of Holbeach Marsh
Holbeach Marsh is located in Lincolnshire
Holbeach Marsh
Holbeach Marsh
Location within Lincolnshire
OS grid referenceTF3930
• London90 mi (140 km) S
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSPALDING
Postcode districtPE12
Dialling code01406
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
52°50′56″N 0°03′43″E / 52.849°N 0.062°E / 52.849; 0.062Coordinates: 52°50′56″N 0°03′43″E / 52.849°N 0.062°E / 52.849; 0.062

Holbeach Marsh is a fenland area in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England.

Holbeach Marsh is situated between the market town of Holbeach on the A17 road at the south, and The Wash estuary at the north, and is bounded by the waterways of the Whaplode (Holbeach) River at the west, and Fleet Haven at the east. The area comprises approximately 14,500 acres (59 km2) of arable farms, dispersed buildings, and small settlements. The marsh villages of Holbeach Bank and Holbeach Clough—or Saracens Head—are at the south-west edge, and Gedney Dyke at the south-east. Within the Marsh are the villages and hamlets of Holbeach St Marks, Holbeach St Matthew, and Holbeach Hurn. At the north-east on The Wash saltmarsh is the bombing range of RAF Holbeach.[1]

History[edit]

In 1810 a late 17th- or early 18th-century wooden coastal vessel, the Sea Venture, was beached and wrecked during a gale on the marshes just north of Holbeach St Matthew, while trading between Whitby and London.[2]

Registered Holbeach Marsh electors entitled to vote in parliamentary elections for the Southern Division of Lincolnshire in 1841 numbered 18.[3]

Historical trade directories include Marsh occupations in 1855 of publicans of the Harvest Man and Pear Tree public houses, a blacksmith, and 34 farmers; in 1885 a shopkeeper & beer retailer, a butcher who was also the proprietor of a public house, and 18 farmers, one of whom was also a land agent, and one a landowner; and in 1933 two farmers with 53 smallholders.[4][5][6][7]

By the 1870s the Marsh was a centre for yearly South Lincolnshire Fen-country hare coursing competitions under St Leger open meetings. Beating on horseback was used to flush out the quarry.[8][9]

Holbeach Marsh was an ecclesiastical district within Holbeach parish in the late 19th century, and had a population of 743.[10]

In 1948 1,500 acres (6 km2) of land was reclaimed from The Wash by the construction of an 11 feet (3.4 m)-high embankment, 6.5 miles (10.5 km) long, with a base of 64 feet (20 m) deep and a top of 9 feet (2.7 m). The bank took six months to build and used 500,000 tons of clay. The scheme was the work of three local farmers with the support of the Ministry of Agriculture, and cost £41,000.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entrance to RAF Holbeach", Geograph, Retrieved 6 September 2014
  2. ^ Historic England. "Sea Venture (942792)". PastScape. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  3. ^ The Poll Book for the Election of Two Members to Represent in Parliament the Southern Division of Lincolnshire (1841)
  4. ^ Post Office Directory of Lincolnshire 1855, Kelly & Co. pp.120, 303-330, 347,349
  5. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1855, p.120
  6. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp.478, 480
  7. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1933, pp.296-298
  8. ^ The Coursing Calendar for the Autumn Season 1870, Horace Cox, pp.197, 199, 202
  9. ^ The Sporting Review, edited 'Craven' (1869) p.393. Reprint Rare Books Club (2012). ISBN 1150175257
  10. ^ "Holbeach Marsh, Lincolnshire", John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles 1877, A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 6 September 2014
  11. ^ Dean, Basil; "Gain 1,500 Acres In Fen Country", London Letter in the Ottawa Citizen, 13 November 1948, p.21. Retrieved 6 September 2014

External links[edit]