Title card shown between 2010 and 2015
|Created by||Tony McHale
|Starring||Current and previous cast|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||18|
|No. of episodes||804 (as of 2 February 2016) (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Mal Young (1999–2004)
Johnathan Young (1999, 2011–13)
Kathleen Hutchison (2003–04)
Richard Stokes (2004–06)
Tony McHale (2006–10)
Belinda Campbell (2010–11)
Oliver Kent (2013–)
|Camera setup||Single-camera setup|
|Original network||BBC One (1999–present)
BBC HD (2010)
BBC One HD (2010–present)
|Original release||12 January 1999– present|
|Related shows||Casualty (1986–present)
The series was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the established BBC medical drama Casualty, and premiered on 12 January 1999. It is set in the same hospital as Casualty, in the fictional city of Holby, and featured occasional crossovers of characters and plots with both Casualty (which featured dedicated episodes broadcast as Casualty@Holby City) and the show's 2007 police procedural spin-off HolbyBlue. Its first executive producers were Mal and Johnathan Young, who were succeeded by Kathleen Hutchison from 2003 to 2004, Richard Stokes from 2004 to 2006, McHale from 2006 to 2010, Belinda Campbell from 2010 to 2011, Johnathan Young from 2011 to 2013, and Oliver Kent from 2013. Since the show's initial development, it has become a weekly fixture in the schedule. Holby City airs once a week, with around 52 episodes per series.
The show follows the lives of medical and ancillary staff at the fictional Holby City Hospital. It began with eleven main characters in its first series, all of whom have since left the show. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of around fifteen main actors employed on the serial at any given time. In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were already well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell, Adrian Edmondson and John Michie
McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, and was the first British writer ever to become the showrunner of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmizing technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode. Sixteen series of Holby City have aired, and the seventeenth began airing from 14 October 2014. The show has run for over 700 hour-long episodes. It is filmed at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, and from 2004 to 2008 featured annual special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting.
Holby City has attracted comparisons to other medical dramas, often unfavourable, and figures within the television and entertainment industry including Broadcasting Standards Commission director Paul Bolt have accused the BBC of squandering the television licence fee on the programme. The series employs a team of researchers to ensure medical accuracy, and utilises surgeons from different disciplines to check scripts. Cast members are taught to perform basic medical procedures, and given the opportunity to spend time on real hospital wards for research. Holby City has, however, been criticised for its lack of realism, with the British Medical Association denouncing its portrayal of organ donation and unrealistic impression of resuscitation, and an accident and emergency nurse at the 2008 Royal College of Nursing conference accusing the show of fostering unrealistic expectations of the NHS and fuelling compensation culture.
Holby City has been nominated for over 100 television awards, of which it has won ten: the 2008 British Academy Television Award for Best Continuing Drama, one BEFFTA Award, two Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards, two Music Video and Screen Awards, and four Screen Nation Awards. The show's first series averaged 9.27 million viewers, but apart from a rise in its fifth series, ratings declined year-on-year until 2009, with the eleventh series averaging 5.44 million viewers. The twelfth series saw a small rise to 5.62 million. Later series have consistently drawn over 4 million viewers per week.
- 1 Production
- 2 Characters and cast
- 3 Adaptations and other appearances
- 4 Reception
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The show began with only eleven main characters in its first series, all of whom have since left the show. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of fifteen to twenty main actors employed on the serial at any given time. In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were already well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell and Adrian Edmondson.
McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, and was the first British writer ever to become the "showrunner" of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmising technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode. Fourteen complete series of Holby City have aired, and a fifteenth began airing in October 2012. The show has run for over 600-hour-long episodes. It is filmed in studios at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, with the 1960s office building Neptune House being used for multiple exteriors and interiors in the series. It has occasionally featured special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting.
Holby City has attracted comparisons to other medical dramas, often unfavourable, and figures within the television and entertainment industry including Broadcasting Standards Commission director Paul Bolt have accused the BBC of squandering the television licence fee on the programme. The series employs a team of researchers to ensure medical accuracy, and utilises surgeons from different disciplines to check scripts. Cast members are taught to perform basic medical procedures, and given the opportunity to spend time on real hospital wards for research.
Holby City has been nominated for over 100 television awards, of which it has won six: the 2008 British Academy Television Award for "Best Continuing Drama", two Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards and three Screen Nation Awards. The show's first series averaged 9.27 million viewers, but apart from a rise in its fifth series, ratings declined year-on-year until 2009, with the eleventh series averaging 5.44 million viewers. The twelfth series saw as small rise to 5.62 million.
Holby City was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the BBC medical drama Casualty, which is set in the emergency department of the fictional Holby City Hospital. Young wanted to explore what happened to patients treated in Casualty once they were taken away to the hospital's surgical wards. While Casualty's scope is limited to "accident of the week" storylines about patients entering hospital, Holby City allowed the possibility of storylines about long-term care, rather than immediate life and death decisions. The series was commissioned by BBC One Controller Peter Salmon, and began airing on BBC One on 12 January 1999.
Series producer Richard Stokes believes that the series' popularity stems from the fact the hospital setting presents numerous plotline opportunities, explaining: "You have licence to create life-and-death situations every week, something you cannot do in any other set piece. The interaction of the characters can be sexy and social issues also permeate the writing. But, basically, hospital drama is successful because the viewers will forgive all the yukky bits for the wonder of a life saved." The focus of the series has developed since its conception, expanding to cover extra wards, including a gynaecology ward, an acute assessment unit and a maternity ward. When the maternity ward and a special care baby unit were introduced during series four, Young explained that new wards were necessary to allow the crew to rotate sets, maximising filming potential.
Episodes of Holby City cost around £370,000 to produce—more than the BBC soap opera EastEnders, at £130,000 per episode, but less than Casualty at £450,000 per episode, or Dalziel and Pascoe at £700–800,000 per episode. As Holby City is a high-volume, year-round production, it has relatively low production costs. Set-up costs can be spread over many years and standing sets can be repeatedly re-used, which is not the case for shorter series or one-off dramas.
Young remained an executive producer of Holby City until 2004, when he left the BBC to work for production company 19 TV. Former Casualty producer Johnathan Young was an executive producer for the duration of Holby's first series, before joining Channel 4 in 1999. Kathleen Hutchison served alongside Mal Young as co-executive producer from 2003 to 2004, when she left the series to become executive producer of EastEnders. Hutchison was succeeded by former series producer Stokes, who remained working on Holby City until 2006, when McHale returned to the series. McHale was the first British writer ever to become the showrunner of a major prime time drama. He resigned from the position in 2009, and was succeeded by Belinda Campbell in 2010. In February 2011, it was announced that Johnathan Young would return to the BBC from March, succeeding Campbell as executive producer of both Casualty and Holby City.
Holby City storylines are planned eight months in advance. The series utilises a number of scriptwriters, who are found and scheduled by script development editor Simon Harper. Harper receives around 20 speculative scripts a week, and also finds writers through the BBC Writers Academy, a course established in 2005 which guarantees its graduates the opportunity to work on prime time television. McHale teaches at the academy, and graduate Abi Bown went on to become a regular writer for Holby City. Harper also recruits writers through the BBC's Continuing Drama Shadow Scheme, open to writers from all levels of experience. He believes that scripts which demonstrate synthesis between guest and serial storylines are "the spine of the show", and has stated that, "Good, cracking, intelligent, ballsy dialogue is a must," explaining: "It's about getting the characters voices because the characters drive these shows. It is a love for and investment in these characters and the consistency of those characters." Harper does not require that writers are necessarily familiar with the show, and would like to attract more female scriptwriters.
McHale wrote the series' first episode, and served as the show's lead writer. His 2006 promotion to executive producer was part of a bid by Controller of BBC Drama Production John Yorke to "put writers back at the heart of the process". Yorke called McHale's promotion "fantastic", explaining: "It means that for the first time you've got a writer running one of our big powerhouse BBC1 shows." Following McHale's resignation, his replacement as lead writer was Justin Young, who intends to introduce a more writer-led commissioning process from series 13 onwards, with writers creating more of the theme and story of their episodes than was previously the case.
To ensure accuracy in scriptwriting, the serial employs a team of researchers to advise writers on nursing issues and health service politics. One medical advisor was given a cameo role in the series as an orthopaedic surgeon, and another, recovery nurse Rachel Carter, appears in Holby City as a scrub nurse. Another adviser, a heart surgeon, has occasionally left open-heart surgery to advise Holby City writers over the telephone. The programme utilises surgeons from different disciplines, who check scripts for accuracy. Carter believes this is particularly important in case viewers copy procedures they have seen in the show, such as CPR. Series star Amanda Mealing commented: "We pride ourselves on being realistic. You need to know what you are doing and why. It is a complex and foreign thing to act out an operation. For training, I watched a number of real ones." Cast members are taught how to give realistic injections, monitor blood pressure and check a pulse, and some are given the opportunity to observe procedures in real hospitals. Original cast member George Irving observed coronary artery bypass surgery performed at Papworth and Middlesex Hospital in preparation for his role as Anton Meyer, while Edward MacLiam observed laparoscopic surgery being performed before joining the cast as Greg Douglas in series twelve.
Filming and on-screen output
Holby City and Casualty are both set in Holby City Hospital, in the fictional county of Wyvern, in the southwest of England close to the Welsh border. The city exterior is represented by Bristol, though Holby City is filmed at the BBC's Elstree Studios in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire. The Casualty set in Bristol was not large enough to encompass the surgical ward and operating theatre required for Holby City, and as a result, some crossover scenes in the first episode had to be shot twice, first on the Casualty set and then again at Elstree, with cast members travelling between the two locations. In October 2007, BBC cutbacks led The Daily Telegraph to report that the Elstree site would be sold, and Holby City relocated to share a set with Casualty, possibly in Cardiff. In March 2009, the BBC confirmed that Casualty would move to a new set in Cardiff, however in the following month, The Guardian announced that the BBC would retain Elstree Studios for at least another four years.
Several episodes of the series have been shot on location abroad. In 2004, the romance between nurse Jess Griffin (Verona Joseph) and anaesthetist Zubin Khan (Art Malik) culminated in an episode set in Paris. The following year, registrar Diane Lloyd (Patricia Potter) followed consultant Ric Griffin (Hugh Quarshie) to Ghana as part of the BBC's "Africa lives" series, a week of programmes bringing an exploration of African culture to UK audiences. In 2006, an episode shot in Switzerland featured consultant Elliot Hope's (Paul Bradley) wife Gina (Gillian Bevan) committing assisted suicide after her motor neurone disease worsened. A 2007 episode filmed in Dubai focussed on Holby registrars Jac Naylor (Rosie Marcel) and Joseph Byrne (Luke Roberts) meeting new nurse Faye Morton (Patsy Kensit), and in 2008, Joseph and consultant Linden Cullen (Duncan Pow) travelled to Cape Town when Faye experienced difficulties there. Series producer Diana Kyle stated in November 2008 that due to major BBC budget cuts, the series would not be filming abroad again for the "foreseeable future". However, in an episode screened on 8 January 2013, Jac Naylor travelled to Stockholm, Sweden to track down Henrik Hanssen and convince him to return to Holby. She succeeded and Hanssen returned to the hospital and resumed his role.
Holby City is shot using the single-camera setup. Filming occurs from 8 am until 6 pm daily, 50 weeks a year. From July 2007 onwards, the show took on the filmising technique, giving episodes the impression of having been shot on film. Kyle stated that this was intended to attract a younger audience and modernise the programme, and that there had been a "very positive" response to the change. On 28 May 2010, the BBC announced that it would be launching a high definition (HD) simulcast of BBC One from the autumn, and that Holby City would move to HD by the end of the year. The series moved to HD broadcasting, with a BBC HD simulcast, from the start of series 13 in October 2010.
The show's eleventh series saw musical montage or "songtage" segments become standard in each episode, introduced by McHale as a means of modernising the show. Although McHale initially considered commissioning original pieces, budgetary constraints limited choices to pre-existing tracks. The use of songtages was first popularised by the US medical drama Grey's Anatomy, however McHale stated he was unaware of this until Holby City had already adopted the technique. Music is generally selected by each episode's scriptwriter. If the writer is not specific about which songs should be used, the producers and director will select the music in post-production. Actors also have some input: Hugh Quarshie personally selected the music he believed his character Ric Griffin would listen to in theatre. Asked in June 2010 whether she felt songtages were appropriate for a serious drama show, Kyle responded: "Yes – sometimes. On a multi-strand series such as Holby, they are an excellent way of telling stories visually – a moment from each – to open or close an episode or create the passing of time in a concise way for the audience." Kris Green of entertainment and media website Digital Spy suggested that the number of songs used per episode could be "very jarring", to which Kyle replied: "We plan to use music carefully in the future – maybe 'songtages', as above – and sourced music within a scene, that is music actually playing in the scene itself, for example on a radio – but less incidental."
Holby City premiered on 12 January 1999 on BBC One. Fourteen series of the show have since aired, and a fifteenth began airing on 16 October 2012. The show's first series ran for nine episodes. In June 2000, then Director-General of the BBC Greg Dyke pledged extra funding for BBC One, some of which was used for extra episodes of Holby City. The second and third series ran for 16 and 30 episodes respectively, with new episodes then airing on a weekly basis from the fourth series onwards. Series four to nine and eleven all ran for 52 episodes, while series ten ran for 53 episodes, including the stand-alone finale episode "Mad World", set outside the hospital. All series from then on continued to consist of 52 episodes, with exception to the twelfth series, which consisted of 55 episodes in total. Young explained of the increase in series length: "Longer runs allow you to develop really strong storylines for the regular characters. As long as you do volume with passion, it'll work." The series reached its 500th episode on 13 April 2010.
Throughout Holby City's first series, episodes were 50 minutes long. From the second series onwards, episodes have been one hour in length. The show was originally broadcast on Tuesday nights at 8.10 pm, until a switch to Thursdays occurred for the second series, which began broadcasting in November 1999. Halfway through the third series in 2001, Holby reverted to its original Tuesday night slot, but now at 8.05 pm. Finally, the show moved into the 8 pm timeslot, where it has since remained. The show is occasionally broadcast on a different day dependent on BBC scheduling. In 2007, the show temporarily moved to Thursday nights, allowing HolbyBlue to air in the 8 pm Tuesday timeslot. BBC Scotland has for the most part broadcast the series at a later date mainly at 10.40, with its slot at 8pm filled with River city,
Characters and cast
Holby City follows the professional and personal lives of medical and ancillary staff at Holby General. It features an ensemble cast of main and recurring characters. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series regularly since it started, the show contains a core of 15 to 20 main characters on the show at any given time.
As of late September 2015 the main cast of 17 characters encompasses CEO Henrik Hanssen (Guy Henry), deputy CEO Serena Campbell (Catherine Russell), consultants Ric Griffin (Hugh Quarshie), Jac Naylor (Rosie Marcel), Guy Self (John Michie) and Jesse Law (Don Gilet), registrars Oliver Valentine (James Anderson), Sacha Levy (Bob Barrett), Mo Effanga (Chizzy Akudolu) and Raffaello "Raf" di Lucca (Joe McFadden), CT1 doctor Arthur Digby (Rob Ostlere), F2 doctors Dominic Copeland (David Ames) and Zosia March (Camilla Arfwedson), AAU Ward Manager Adrian "Fletch" Fletcher (Alex Walkinshaw), transplant coordinator Estelle "Essie" Harrison (Kaye Wragg), staff nurse Cara Martinez (Niamh Walsh) and healthcare assistant Adele Effanga (Petra Letang)
The original cast of 11 characters featured in the shows first episode was made up of consultants Anton Meyer (George Irving) and Muriel McKendrick (Phyllis Logan), registrars Nick Jordan (Michael French) and Kirstie Collins (Dawn McDaniel), senior house officer Victoria Merrick (Lisa Faulkner), ward sister Karen Newburn (Sarah Preston), theatre sister Ellie Sharpe (Julie Saunders), senior staff nurse Ray Sykes (Ian Curtis), staff nurses Julie Bradford (Nicola Stephenson) and Jasmine Hopkins (Angela Griffin), and ward clerk Paul Ripley (Luke Mably).
In casting the first series of Holby City, Young—who had previously worked on the soap operas Brookside and Family Affairs—selected actors who were already established names in the acting industry, particularly from a soap opera background. French had starred in the BBC's EastEnders, while Stephenson and Faulkner had starred in Brookside. Griffin had also appeared in ITV's Coronation Street. Young explained: "Some of the best performances on screen have come out of soaps in the past few years. There is a fantastic amount of talent on those shows." This propensity for hiring established actors continued as the soap progressed, with former Brookside actress Patricia Potter cast as registrar Diane Lloyd, Star Wars actor Denis Lawson cast as consultant Tom Campbell-Gore, and Family Affairs star Rocky Marshall cast as SHO Ed Keating. Later roles were awarded to comedian Adrian Edmondson, former film actress Patsy Kensit, and Jesus of Nazareth star Powell. When Jane Asher was cast in the recurring role of Lady Byrne in 2007, Inside Soap magazine asked Kyle whether the production team intentionally sought out "well-known-names". She responded: "It's lovely when we have a new member of the cast come in and bring an audience with them. But we want the best actors, and the star names we cast are always the best – which is why we go for them."
There is a casting department at Elstree Studios which casts actors for Holby City as well as Casualty, EastEnders and Doctors. The programme also has two dedicated casting directors who bring in a shortlist of actors for the producer and director to audition. Some cast members who play main characters have made previous appearances in Holby City in minor roles. Mealing appeared as the mother of a paediatric patient in the show's fourth series, Roberts appeared as the son of a medical professor in Holby City's seventh series, and Dhillon appeared as anaesthetist Sunil Gupta in 2001. Roberts believes that his single scene in series seven was enough for him to be called in for the part of Joseph, while in contrast, Dhillon does not believe that his role contributed to his casting as Michael, but instead worried that it would work against him.
Holby City has featured a number of famous guest stars. Emma Samms, Antonio Fargas, Ronald Pickup and Leslie Phillips made appearances within the show's first few series, and Anita Dobson, Peter Bowles and Susannah York all appeared in the fiftieth episode. Other notable guest stars include Paul Blackthorne, Suzanne Shaw, Geoffrey Hutchings, Richard Todd, Johnny Briggs, Terence Rigby, Michael Obiora, and Lionel Jeffries. Richard Briers appeared as patient George Woodman in the Christmas episode "Elliot's Wonderful Life", Eric Sykes played Roger Ludlow, a patient with Alzheimer's disease and Phill Jupitus starred as morbidly obese patient Andy Thompson. Kieron Dyer was in four episodes as an injury prone footballer, Denise Welch had a recurring role as risk manager Pam McGrath, mother of nurse Keri, Clarke Peters appeared for five episodes in 2009 as the father of nurse Donna Jackson, and Graeme Garden had a recurring role from 2003 to 2007 as cardiothoracic consultant Edward Loftwood. Cascade Brown played Sophie Hindmarsh in 2004, Antonio Fargas appeared in 2003 as Victor Garrison, a patient with Parkinson's disease, Sheridan Smith appeared for six episodes in 2001 as teenage stalker Miranda Locke, and David Soul made two appearances as Professor Alan Fletcher. The BBC's William Gallagher wrote in a November 2001 column that Soul's guest-appearance had begun a trend for American actors appearing in UK shows. In 2012, Ron Moody guest starred as patient Vincent Mancini, a war veteran.
In 2003, the BBC reached an agreement with the actors' union Equity to cease offering walk-on drama series roles to members of the public as prizes. When an untrained person won such a role in Holby City in a competition, Equity complained to the broadcaster that such prizes were "demeaning" to actors, depriving them of paid employment. The competition winner was allowed to visit the Holby City set, but did not appear on-screen as a result of the policy change.
Adaptations and other appearances
Reflecting Holby City's origins as a spin-off from Casualty and the closely related premises of the two programmes, the BBC has screened occasional crossover mini-dramas entitled Casualty@Holby City, featuring a number of characters from each of the two casts. Prior to the commissioning of Casualty@Holby City, the two shows had occasionally crossed-over storylines and cast members before; for instance developing a romance between Holby City's Ben Saunders (David Paisley) and Casualty's Tony Vincent (Lee Warburton). The first full crossover was spearheaded by Casualty's executive producer Mervyn Watson, and Holby City's McHale. Logistical difficulties arose from the fact the two series are usually produced 120 miles apart, and work on both shows had to be halted for two weeks to release a number of cast members to appear in the special. A second crossover was commissioned in 2005 as part of the BBC's DoNation season, aiming to raise public awareness of organ donation and help viewers make an informed decision about whether to sign up to the Organ Donor Register. An interactive episode of Casualty@Holby City was one of the headlining shows of the season, allowing viewers to vote by phone to determine the outcome of a fictional organ donation. The third Casualty@Holby City crossover aired in October 2005. The four-part storyline tackled the issue of youth violence, following the events of a turbulent A&E demonstration at an inner-city school. Based on the success of the 2004 Casualty@Holby City Christmas special, another crossover was ordered for Christmas 2005. Rather than dividing the episodes between the two series' crews as had previously been standard, this crossover operated as an entirely separate production, with Kyle producing and Paul Harrison directing.
In February 2010, another crossover occurred when Casualty's Charlie Fairhead (Derek Thompson) was operated on by Holby City's Elliot Hope after suffering a heart attack. The storyline was, however, broadcast as regular Casualty and Holby City episodes, rather than under the Casualty@Holby City title. Casualty's series producer Oliver Kent commented that, while it is "fantastic" to be able to produce crossover episodes, they are logistically difficult, and it is unlikely that another Casualty@Holby City episode will be produced in the "foreseeable future". In September 2010, Holby City's nurse Donna Jackson (Jaye Jacobs) appeared in Casualty, and Kent hopes that characters from the two shows will begin to crossover two or three times a year.
On 27 April 2006, the BBC announced the commissioning of Holby Blue, a police procedural spin-off from Holby City created by Tony Jordan. Jordan contemplated that "soap snobs" may hold the series in disdain for using the Holby brand, but concluded: "After much thought, I remembered who I was as a writer, the joy I take from surprising an audience, by subverting expectation – and HolbyBlue was born." Holby City was moved to Thursdays for the duration of HolbyBlue's first series, with the spin-off broadcast on Tuesday nights at 8 pm. A two-part crossover episode with Holby City was developed for the beginning of the show's second series, broadcast in 2008. The episodes were written by McHale and Jordan, and saw Holby City registrar Jac Naylor accused of murder. Yorke compared the crossover to the American CSI franchise, in that: "You really believe it’s a world." While the second series attracted 5.6 million viewers with its opening episode, by the end of May 2008 viewership had fallen to 2.5 million. In August 2008, the BBC announced that due to declining ratings, Holby Blue would not be recommissioned for a third series.
In June 2002, cast members from Holby City and Casualty competed against the EastEnders cast for the first Sport Relief fundraiser, in a segment dubbed "Sport in the Square". The teams competed in events such as taxi pulling, melon tossing and a beer keg relay. The competition was televised on BBC One, and the event as a whole raised £10 million. In October 2003, BBC One aired a "Kenyon Confronts" documentary by Panorama reporter Paul Kenyon, investigating hospitals run by the Private Finance Initiative. He discovered many problems within the hospitals, which were dramatised by the Holby City cast in specially commissioned scenes. March 2004 saw the station air the documentary "Making It at Holby", as part of a BBC initiative to develop new acting talent. The documentary followed the casting process of Holby City and Casualty, from the audition stages to the filming of the selected actors' first scenes. Young explained his casting criteria, revealing: "I try to put my head into the head of a viewer and ask: do I want to spend three years in the life of this person?" 17 November 2006 Children in Need charity telethon included a segment featuring the Holby City cast performing a comical version of "Hung Up" by Madonna. 16 November 2007 Children in Need appeal again contained a musical performance from Holby City cast members. Sharon D Clarke, backed by Nadine Lewington, Rakie Ayola and Phoebe Thomas performed a soul version of Aretha Franklin's signature song, "Respect". On 28 June 2008, Holby City stars competed against their Casualty counterparts in a special charity edition of BBC Two game-show The Weakest Link. Holby City and Casualty cast members united on 20 February 2010, performing a dance rendition of "Jai Ho" for Let's Dance for Sport Relief.
Holby City has attracted comparisons to other medical dramas, often unfavourable. In November 2002, John Whiston, then head of drama at Granada Television, accused the BBC of producing "ersatz parodies" of ITV drama, commenting that: "With Holby City cloned out of Casualty, the BBC has even ended up copying itself." Paul Hoggart of The Times has written that the differences between the two shows are "mild", calling Holby City: "Casualty's cute little sister". Kevin Lygo, director of television at Channel 4, referred to Holby City as "sudsy drama", deeming it, Casualty and HolbyBlue "all decent programmes, but strikingly similar in many aspects of their tone and construction." Holby City has also been unfavourably compared with the American medical drama ER. Television producer Paul Abbott has commented that although he watches ER, he does not watch Holby City as: "it looks like you've crammed one hour's drama into 26 episodes." In October 2009, former Holby City writer Peter Jukes wrote a critical piece for Prospect magazine, contrasting the show negatively with the standard of American television dramas. Jukes wrote that Holby City has become a soap opera, rather than a drama, and deemed the episodes he worked on "the most dispiriting experiences in [his] 25 years as a dramatist."
On several occasions, people within the television and entertainment industry have suggested that Holby City is a waste of the television licence fee, with some suggesting that it ought to be cancelled. In August 2002, Paul Bolt, director of the Broadcasting Standards Commission criticised BBC programming as being "humdrum" and "formulaic", saying of Holby City and the police procedural Mersey Beat: "One begins to wonder what really is the point of the BBC bringing this to us. Let's have something a bit different." Then head of BBC drama Jane Tranter responded that Bolt's examples were "highly selective" as well as "hugely patronising to the millions of viewers who enjoy popular dramas like Holby City – week in, week out". Young, who at the time held the position of head of drama serials, told The Guardian: "Popular drama has always been singled out for criticism, but people are increasingly voting with their on-buttons." Also in 2002, David Cox of the New Statesman criticised BBC One's 2001 Christmas schedule, for airing Holby City against a contemporary version of Othello. On this basis, Cox advocated the abolition of the licence fee, explaining: "The BBC was invented in a period when the elite decided what the population should know. If that has gone, then the licence fee should go too." At the 2003 Edinburgh International Television Festival, BSykB chief executive Tony Ball called for stricter restrictions on how the BBC spent licence payers' money, suggesting that Holby City be sold to the channel's commercial rivals, with the proceeds used to develop more original programming. The BBC refused Ball's suggestion, responding in a statement: "This speech clearly reflects BSkyB's view that programmes are merely a commodity to be bought and sold." In June 2004, Charles Allen, chief executive of ITV plc questioned the amount of funding spent on lengthened episodes of Holby City, and in January 2010, Janet Street-Porter of The Independent, opined Holby City had "come to the end of [its] natural life" and should be cancelled.
Holby City was praised by campaigners for the Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID) in October 2003, when an episode which coincided with "Learn To Sign Week" used deaf actors, and featured characters communicating through British Sign Language. RNID chief executive John Low stated: "Too often individuals have to rely on family members or friends to communicate complicated personal information to professionals. This is the reason the RNID is calling on the government to channel funding into the training of British Sign Language interpreters who could then be available to NHS staff treating deaf patients." Stokes commented: "The writer had a great story he wanted to tell – for us, that's what matters first and foremost." A 2008 report into ethnic diversity on television, commissioned by Channel 4, cited Holby City as a positive example of "diverse British programm[ing]". Five years previously in 2003, former BBC host Sir Ludovic Kennedy complained that ethnic minorities were over-represented on television, prompting a BBC spokeswoman to explain that Holby City has more ethnic characters as it is set in an area where minorities account for up to 30% of the population. According to the 2001 census, the population of Bristol – which the city of Holby is loosely based upon – is 88% white and 12% ethnic minorities.
The show has been criticised for its lack of realism. Former nurse Vici Hoban commented in February 2004 that there existed three stereotypes with regards to nurses: "sex object, doctor's handmaiden, or angel". She felt that media portrayal had increased these misconceptions, observing that with "the syringe-toting serial killer Kelly in Holby City, realism has never been top of TV's agenda." However, Hoban felt that the worst offender at the time was the Channel 4 medical drama No Angels, which she described as: "so inaccurate that it makes Holby City look like a factual documentary." No Angels creator Toby Whithouse defended his series, stating that Holby City presents an unfair representation of nursing, deceiving viewers into believing that nursing "is a nice, clean job full of handsome doctors." Whithouse observed that the content of Holby City is defined by the watershed, describing real nursing work in contrast as "very post-watershed". In November 2009, Antony Sumara, CEO of the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Hospital Trust, wrote a column criticising Holby City for misrepresenting real hospital life. Tom Sutcliffe of The Independent reviewed a December 2009 episode poorly, finding it "astonishing" that any patients leave Holby General alive, as the staff are "so busy looking stricken or lovelorn at each other".
In December 2003, The Times' Libby Purves wrote a critical opinion piece, observing that Holby City's medical staff are often depicted getting drunk in clubs, but afterwards are able to function properly at work, and that as a result, alcohol "is made to look innocent". In October 2004, Canon Kenyon Wright, chair of Alcohol Focus Scotland, criticised an episode of Holby City which saw doctors downing tequila slammers, stating that it glamorised irresponsible drinking. Similarly, in October 2007, drinks' industry body the Portman Group made an official complaint to communications regulator Ofcom about a scene in Holby City which depicted two medics drinking five shots of tequila following a stressful day at work. The body's chief executive David Poley claimed that in failing to show the negative consequences of this action, the series was presenting a "highly irresponsible portrayal of excessive and rapid drinking". Ofcom received a total of eight complaints about the incident.
Holby City has also been accused of medical inaccuracies. The British Medical Association denounced a January 2004 episode of the serial which portrayed organ donation being carried out despite withdrawal of consent by the patient's relatives. Dr Michael Wilks, chairman of the Medical Ethics Committee stated: "This simply would not happen, but its portrayal, even in a drama, is totally irresponsible and risks causing huge damage to the already struggling transplant programme." The British Medical Association later opined that the show was giving viewers an unrealistic impression of resuscitation by typically presenting only two outcomes, death or total recovery. Andrew Thomson, a Dundee GP, deemed this "a terrible distortion of the truth." In a follow-up story for The Times, Vivienne Parry highlighted the fact that in reality, less than half of patients who require resuscitation survive the initial catastrophe and only a third of those live to leave hospital. At the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) conference in Bournemouth in April 2010, Holby City was accused of fostering unrealistic expectations of the NHS, encouraging patients to believe in miracles and fuelling compensation culture. Accident and emergency nurse John Hill stated: "In A&E it is sometimes a fact that sadly we cannot get people through the trauma they have received. Unfortunately, unlike in Holby City, I am a mere mortal and cannot perform miracles. But many relatives believe because of that, you can. And the injury lawyers assure them that if you don't they will get recompense for it."
In October 2000, Dr John Ryan, an Accident & Emergency consultant at the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton criticised the number of patients visiting the department for minor ailments without first contacting their GP. Ryan attributed this phenomenon to patients viewing Holby City and American medical drama ER, and falsely perceiving hospitals as glamorous. A three-year Belgian research project, presented at a British Psychological Society meeting in September 2008, claimed that watching Holby City and similar medical dramas such as Casualty and ER had a subliminal influence on fear of illness. 1,300 teenagers were questioned on their viewing habits, and those who watched more medical dramas were found to be up to 10% more fearful about their health, with females more affected than males. Dr Jan Van Mierlo of Hasselt University stated that further research was needed into the long-term impact of television.
In 2008, Conservative Party strategists identified four archetypes based on TV programmes to help the party target swing voters. Alongside "Top Gear man", "Apprentice generation" and "Grand Designs couple", they identified "Holby City worker", a middle-ranking health service employee. The following year, strategists identified "Holby City woman" as a key voter demographic who may help the party win the 2010 General Election. The "Holby City woman" is a female voter in her 30s or 40s, employed in a clinical or clerical position or some other public sector job. She is a swing voter in General Elections, who has voted for the Labour Party in previous elections, though her identification with the Labour Party is not strong. The "Holby City woman" archetype is modelled on the character of Faye Morton.
In January 2009, Jill Berry, president of the Girls' Schools Association and head teacher at the Dame Alice Harpur School in Bedford, cited medical dramas such as Holby City as an inspiring force in increasing numbers of female students deciding to pursue careers in medicine. Berry explained: "The girls see that as an exciting and dynamic way of life. They see it as making a difference to people's lives. It gives them a sense sometimes of the pressures, responsibility and adrenaline. Such TV programmes can be good, as long as they give a realistic impression." Similarly, consultant surgeon Andrew Raftery uses clips from Holby City as part of the University of Sheffield Outreach and Access to Medicine Scheme, to inspire pupils from under-represented social and educational backgrounds to pursue careers in medicine.
Awards and nominations
Holby City has been nominated for over 100 awards, of which it has won six. The series has received five nominations for the British Academy Television Awards, winning one. Minkie Spiro was nominated for the "Best New Director (Fiction)" award in 2003 for her work on the series. The show itself was nominated for the "Best Continuing Drama" award in 2004, 2005 and 2006, winning in 2008. McHale commented on the win: "It's fantastic not being the bridesmaid", hoping that the award would help to make the serial "less of a guilty pleasure". Holby City received multiple BBC Drama Award nominations between 2002 and 2006. Its best results saw the show voted fifth "Best Drama" in 2004 and 2006. Amanda Mealing was voted fourth "Best Actress" in 2006 for her role as Connie Beauchamp, and the "Casualty@Holby City" moment where doctor Jim Brodie (Maxwell Caulfield) sacrifices his life for midwife Rosie Sattar (Kim Vithana) was voted viewers' fourth "Favourite Moment" of 2004. The series has been nominated for the "Best Drama" award at the Inside Soap Awards on six occasions—in 2004, then concurrently from 2006 to 2010. Holby City has received multiple long-list nominations at the National Television Awards (NTAs) and TV Choice Awards. Mealing was short-listed for the "Most Popular Newcomer" award at the 2005 NTAs, and for the "Best Actress" award at the 2008 TV Choice Awards. At the 2000 Royal Television Society Awards, Sean De Sparengo and Richard Gort were nominated for the "Best Graphic Design – Titles" award for their contribution to the series. The show itself was nominated in the "Soap and Continuing Drama" category at the 2007 awards. Holby City was nominated "Best Serial Drama" at the 2008 Digital Spy Soap Awards, and in 2009, Stella Gonet was nominated for the "Acting Performance in TV (Female)" award at the British Academy Scotland Awards for her role as CEO Jayne Grayson. In 2010, the series was shortlisted in the "Best Television Continuing Drama" category at the Writers' Guild of Great Britain Awards.
At the Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards, Angela Griffin won "Best Actress" in 2000 for her role as nurse Jasmine Hopkins, and was nominated "Best TV Actress" in 2002, alongside co-star Thusitha Jayasundera for her role as registrar Tash Bandara. In 2004, Art Malik won the "Best TV Actor" award for his role as anaesthetist Zubin Khan. Nirpal Singh Dhaliwal of The Times criticised Malik's award, opining that: "A show such as Holby City doesn't merit any recognition." The show has won three Screen Nation Awards, and received nominations for a further seven. Jaye Jacobs won the "Emerging Talent" award in 2005 for her role as nurse Donna Jackson. In 2006, Rakie Ayola and Hugh Quarshie were nominated for the Female and Male "Performance in TV" awards for their roles as Kyla Tyson and Ric Griffin respectively. Sharon D. Clarke won the 2007 "Female Performance in TV" award for her role as Lola Griffin, while Ginny Holder was nominated in the same category for her role as Thandie Abebe, and Ayola received an Honourable Mention. Also in 2007, Roger Griffiths was nominated for the "Male Performance in TV" award for his role as Harvey Tyson, and Quarshie received an Honourable Mention in the same category. Quarshie went on to win "Favourite Male TV Star" in 2008. Also in 2008, Jacobs was nominated for the "Favourite Female TV Star" award, Ayola was nominated in the "Female Performance in TV" category, and the show itself was nominated for the "Diversity in Drama Production" award.
|1||9||12 January 1999||9 March 1999||9.27|
|2||16||25 November 1999||9 March 2000||8.98|
|3||30||5 October 2000||5 June 2001||7.82||[nb 1]|
|4||52||9 October 2001||1 October 2002||7.67|
|5||52||8 October 2002||30 September 2003||7.78||[nb 2]|
|6||52||7 October 2003||12 October 2004||7.68|
|7||52||19 October 2004||11 October 2005||7.04|
|8||52||18 October 2005||17 October 2006||6.42|
|9||52||24 October 2006||9 October 2007||5.87|
|10||53||16 October 2007||14 October 2008||5.62|
|11||52||21 October 2008||13 October 2009||5.44|
|12||55||20 October 2009||12 October 2010||5.62||[nb 3]|
|13||52||19 October 2010||11 October 2011||6.56||[nb 4]|
- Final viewership data is unavailable for two episodes from series three. Episode six, "Moving On", recorded an overnight rating of 5.65 million, however was not among the 30 most viewed programmes on BBC One in the week of broadcast. As such, a final rating is not recorded by the Broadcasters' Audience Research Board (BARB). The following episode, "The Trouble With the Truth" also fell below the top 30. The series' average viewership is therefore calculated based on the remaining 28 episodes.
- Final viewership data is unavailable for two episodes from series five. Episode 13, "Time to Kill", was not among the 30 most viewed programmes on BBC One in the week of broadcast, and as such, a final rating is not recorded by the BARB. Episode 41, "Eyes Wide Open", attained an overnight rating of 6.80 million, but also fell below the top 30. The series' average viewership is therefore calculated based on the remaining 50 episodes.
- Final viewership data is unavailable for one episode from series 12. Episode 11, "Stand By Me", recorded an overnight rating of 5.32 million, however was not among the 30 most viewed programmes on BBC One in the week of broadcast, and as such does not have a final rating archived by the BARB. The series' average viewership is therefore calculated based on the remaining 54 episodes.
- As of episode 43, "Walk the Line", broadcast on 9 August 2011.
- Green, Kris (14 December 2009). "'Holby City's exec producer stands down". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- "Film of the season; Babe, Christmas Day, BBC1 7 pm.". Daily Record. Glasgow, Scotland. 19 December 1998. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Taylor, Jim (2 January 1999). "Life's sweet off the Street". Daily Record. Glasgow, Scotland. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Keal, Graham (8 January 1999). "Drama that gets right to the heart of the matter;". Birmingham Post. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Salmon quits as head of BBC Sport". BBC News. 21 April 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Smithies, Sandy (12 January 1999). "Television Tuesday". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- Redwood, Fred (11 June 2003). "Script and scalpel, please". The Times (London). Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Holby City Hits 100". Holby Gazette. 6 August 2002. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- Hobson, Dorothy (2003). Soap opera. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-7456-2655-0. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Taylor, Joanna (28 September 2004). "BBC's Mal Young in 19TV switch". The Stage. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "About Us – Who's Who – Johnathan Young". Talkback Thames. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Anita Dobson, Peter Bowles and Susannah York join Holby for 50th episode" (Press release). BBC. 1 July 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Louise Berridge steps down as Executive Producer of EastEnders" (Press release). BBC. 21 September 2004. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Stokes replaces Hutchison on Holby". Broadcast. EMAP. 4 November 2004. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Plunkett, John (14 December 2009). "Holby City exec producer to leave". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- "Amanda Mealing to quit Holby City". What's on TV. 30 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- Campbell, Lisa (9 February 2011). "Talkback drama chief heads back to Casualty". Broadcast (EMAP). Retrieved 9 February 2011.
- "Inside Soap Meets The Producers". Inside Soap. 25 November 2008.
- "Screenwriting For a Medical Show – Simon Harper (Holby) Interview". Screenwriting Goldmine. Archived from the original on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "BBC seeks next generation of tv writers for prestigious academy". BBC. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Continuing Drama Shadow Schemes". BBC Writers Room. BBC. Archived from the original on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Green, Kris (14 December 2009). "'Holby City's exec producer stands down". Digital Spy (Hachette Filipacchi UK). Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- Burrell, Ian (27 March 2006). "Television Drama: Great show – now direct it". The Independent (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Foreign ways". The Times (London). 21 November 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Drewett, Zoe (29 June 2010). "Barnet Hospital nurse selected as advisor on Holby City, filmed at BBC Elstree Studios". Borehamwood Times. Newsquest. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- Lever, Anna-Marie (18 June 2010). "Advising Holby City on getting it right". BBC News. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- "Behind the scenes at Holby". BBC News. 25 December 2001. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Duncan, Andrew (2 October 2001). "I'm capable of all Meyer is, but I don't have his certainty". Radio Times.
- "Dishy doctors brighten up Holby City". Liverpool Daily Post. 17 July 2010. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- Kempster, Doug (13 September 1998). "Soap stars find a new role... In the Beeb's latest soap". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 12 January 2010.[dead link]
- "Casualty – Fast Facts". BBC. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2007.
- Sayle, Alexei (21 August 2001). "Alexei Sayle: I'd love to live in Holby City – nothing like the real world". The Independent. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Juliette Garside (21 October 2007). "EastEnders evicted in latest BBC cost cut". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2007.
- "BBC confirms Casualty move from Bristol to Cardiff area" (Press release). BBC. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Conlan, Tara (28 April 2010). "EastEnders to stay at Elstree Studios". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Hendry, Steve (7 November 2004). "Article: I dreaded love scenes but tourists all got an Eiffel; Hospital drama beauty's fear over passion in Paris with legendary co-star Art.". Sunday Mail. Glasgow, Scotland. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Africa lives on BBC ONE" (Press release). BBC. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Africa lives on BBC ONE A week of programming brings African life into British homes" (Press release). BBC. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Holby hit by clinic of death". The Sun. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Patsy's Sheiks and the City". The Sun. 18 January 2007. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "What lies beneath..." (Press release). BBC. June 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Reynolds, Simon (21 April 2008). "'Holby' team hails "fantastic" BAFTA win". Digital Spy. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Ask the BOSS!". Inside Soap: 40. November 2007.
- "BBC One HD to launch Autumn 2010" (Press release). BBC. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Shifts". BBC Programmes. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Lawson, Mark (21 February 2008). "Top of the docs". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- Green, Kris (4 June 2010). "Diana Kyle (Series Producer, 'Holby City')". Digital Spy. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Smithies, Sandy (12 January 1999). "Television Tuesday". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Holby City". British Film Institute. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Dyke pledges cash for 'failing' BBC". BBC News. 22 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Simon, Jane (14 October 2008). "We love drama: Holby City". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Armstrong, Stephen (12 April 2010). "Holby City celebrates 500 episodes but TV mourns the passing of The Bill". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Stephen, Jaci (15 January 1999). "Soap stars' clean bill of health". Daily Mail. Retrieved 20 April 2010.[dead link]
- Stephen, Jaci (28 November 1999). "Yet another casualty of soap star syndrome". Daily Mail. Retrieved 20 April 2010.[dead link]
- "Keri wards off Sophie trouble; Holby City BBC1, 8.05 pm". Daily Record. Glasgow, Scotland. 3 February 2001. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
- "George gets to heart of the matter". Liverpool Echo. 9 October 2001. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Tryhorn, Chris (15 December 2006). "Extinct's audience under threat". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- Tryhorn, Chris (18 May 2007). "Emmerdale eclipses EastEnders". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "BBC – BBC One Programmes – Holby City – Current Characters". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "Two in Five Marriages". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "Cast – Holby City: Happy Families". British Film Institute. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Keal, Graham (8 January 1999). "Drama that gets right to the heart of the matter;". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Jim Shelley (3 October 2007). "How to make a BBC medical drama". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 4 October 2007.
- Keith Boak (director), Neil McKay (writer) (31 December 2001). "Shadow of a Doubt, Part I". Holby City. Season 4. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One.
- Alice Troughton (director), John Milne (writer) (10 May 2005). "No Pain, No Gain". Holby City. Season 7. Episode 30. BBC. BBC One.
- "Familiar face at Holby". Metro. 31 October 2007. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
- "Luke Roberts Interview". icCroydon. January 2006.
- "Hari Dhillon Interview". Holby Gazette. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2010.[dead link]
- "Famous Fan: Paul Blackthorne". BBC News. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "Celebrations for winning Popstars". BBC News. 4 February 2001. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "Stage and TV actor Geoffrey Hutchings dies aged 71". BBC News. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Obituary: Richard Todd". BBC News. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Charles back on Coronation Street". BBC News. 11 January 2007. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Actor Terence Rigby dies aged 71". BBC News. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Briggs, Helen (9 July 2009). "Hotel Babylon star on coeliac disease". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "Obituary: Lionel Jeffries". BBC News. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Oliver, Amy (18 April 2010). "We got better in HOLBY! Meet the big names who have given the show an injection of stardust". Daily Mail. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Gallagher, William (1 November 2001). "This week's TV: All Change". BBC News. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Kilkelly, Daniel (15 June 2012). "'Holby City' role for Fagin actor Ron Moody". Digital Spy. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "BBC ends public 'walk-on' roles". BBC News. 3 July 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Plunkett, John (27 April 2006). "Holby City walks the thin blue line". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- "Virgin Mary complaints rejected". BBC News. 29 April 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "Crossover Interview". BBC. December 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Major BBC organ donation season launches in August" (Press release). BBC. 28 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Conlan, Tara (16 September 2005). "Casualty and Holby reunited for youth violence special". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Crossover Interview". BBC. December 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Casualty, Series 24, Love Is a Battlefield". BBC. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Holby City, Series 12, Downstairs Upstairs". BBC. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Green, Kris (5 June 2009). "'Casualty', 'Holby City' crossover planned". Digital Spy. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Kilkelly, Daniel (17 June 2010). "'Casualty' plans more 'Holby' crossovers". Digital Spy. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- Plunkett, John (27 April 2006). "Holby City walks the thin blue line". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Jordan, Tony (8 May 2007). "Stop thief – or I'll fill out a form!". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Wright, Mark (5 July 2007). "The False Economy of Holby Blue". The Stage. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Kris Green (14 November 2007). "'HolbyBlue' returns with crossover ep". Digital Spy. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- Hemley, Matthew (14 November 2007). "Tony Jordan returns to write for EastEnders". The Stage. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "BBC axes police drama Holby Blue". BBC News. 6 August 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
- Welsh, James (6 August 2008). "BBC takes axe to 'Holby Blue'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
- "Sport Relief as it happened". BBC News. 13 July 2002. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "Sports Relief raises £10m". BBC News. 14 July 2002. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Chater, David (8 October 2003). "Viewing Guide". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Chater, David (23 March 2003). "Viewing Guide". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Stars line up for Children in Need". Metro. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
- "Record-breaking £19m raised by BBC Children in Need so far...". BBC. 17 November 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2007.
- "Children in Need 2007". Children in Need. 16 November 2007. BBC. BBC One.
- "Holby City and Casualty Special". BBC. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Fletcher, Alex (22 February 2010). "Hound, Brand make 'Let's Dance' final". Digital Spy. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Snoddy, Raymond (13 November 2003). "ITV win Miss Marple in ratings battle". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Hoggart, Paul (3 May 2003). "Paul Hoggart: Television". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Lygo, Kevin (30 April 2007). "Kevin Lygo on Broadcasting". The Independent (London). Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Burrell, Ian (30 October 2006). "Shame on the lot of you: Paul Abbott on the betrayal of TV drama". The Independent (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Lusher, Tim (29 October 2009). "They get The Wire, we get Casualty". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- Jukes, Peter (21 October 2009). "Why Britain can't do The Wire". Prospect. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- "TV watchdog raps 'humdrum' BBC". BBC News. 15 August 2002. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "BBC hits back at 'humdrum' tag". BBC News. 16 August 2002. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Douglas, Torin (21 August 2002). "Slanging match over BBC output". BBC News. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Hellen, Nicholas (3 November 2002). "Focus: Could this man zap the BBC for £2.5 billion?". The Times (London). Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Higham, Nick (26 August 2003). "Hot debate over BBC future". BBC News. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Douglas, Torin (18 September 2003). "BBC under media moguls' scrutiny". BBC News. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "BBC should 'sell off shows'". BBC News. 23 August 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- "ITV boss in ratings appeal to BBC". BBC News. 9 June 2004. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Street-Porter, Janet (31 January 2010). "Editor-At-Large: A 999 call is a call for help. Pity the police don't know". The Independent (London). Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- Adams-Spink, Geoff (13 October 2003). "Holby signs way forward". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "TV soaps 'stereotype minorities'". BBC News. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "Row over black TV stars". BBC News. 26 September 2003. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Hoban, Vici (28 February 2008). "Reality check-up". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Gilbert, Gerard (16 February 2002). "Angels with dirty faces". The Independent (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Sumara, Antony (18 November 2009). "TV dramas 'misrepresent the NHS'". BBC. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Sutcliffe, Tom (30 December 2009). "Last Night's Television – Holby City, BBC1; The Many Faces of June Whitfield, BBC2". The Independent (London). Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- Purves, Libby (30 December 2003). "My name is television and I'm an alcoholic". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Macaskill, Mark (31 October 2004). "Canon attacks soaps for fostering binge-drinking". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Mark Sweney (4 October 2007). "Holby criticised for binge drinking scene". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 5 October 2007.
- Nicole Martin (4 October 2007). "BBC's Holby City criticised for binge drinking". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Hawkes, Nigel (22 January 2004). "Transplant man has four kidneys". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Lister, Sam (30 June 2005). "ER heroes give false recovery hopes to patients". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Parry, Vivienne (2 July 2009). "Well scrubbed". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "TV blamed for pay-out culture". The Scotsman. 28 April 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Triggle, Nick (27 April 2010). "Litigation and high patient expectations 'bar nursing'". BBC News. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Chaudhuri, Anita (10 October 2000). "George Clooney is not at the local A&E". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Medical TV 'feeds health fears'". BBC News. 10 September 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Oliver, Jonathan; Watt, Holly (27 April 2008). "Time for verdict on the political X-Factor". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Chapman, James (27 July 2009). "How the Tories fell in love with Holby City Woman". Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- Aaronovitch, David (28 July 2009). "Can Tories win over Holby Woman?". The Times (London). Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- Livingstone, Tomos. "News – Wales News – Four famous voter stereotypes". Western Mail. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- Livingstone, Tomos. "Tories hope Holby City Woman will clinch the next General Election for them". Western Mail. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- Woolcock, Nicola (12 January 2009). "Hospital dramas inspire girls to do medicine". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Baker, Mike (29 March 2003). "Is there a doctor in your house?". BBC News. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Awards Database". British Academy Television Awards. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Osborn, Michael (20 April 2008). "Brucie's big night at TV awards". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "BBC – Drama – Best of 2004 – Best Drama". BBC. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "BBC – Drama – Best of 2006 – Best Drama". BBC. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "BBC – Drama – Best of 2006 – Best Actor". BBC. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "BBC – Drama – Best of 2004 – Favourite Moment". BBC. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Corrie stars in a lather". Coventry Telegraph. 28 September 2004. Retrieved 18 July 2010.[dead link]
- "National TV Awards 2006". Holby Gazette. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
|last1=in Authors list (help)[dead link]
Green, Kris (3 July 2007). "Inside Soap Awards 2007: The Nominations". Digital Spy. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
"The Bill triumphs at Inside Soap Awards". Talkback Thames. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
"EastEnder eyes best actress gong for fourth year". Western Mail. Cardiff, Wales. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2010.[dead link]
Wightman, Catriona (13 July 2010). "In Full: Inside Soap Awards 2010 Nominees". Digital Spy. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- "National TV Awards: Nominations". British Sky Broadcasting. 11 October 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- Hardie, Beth (25 June 2008). "TVQuick and TVChoice Award nominations announced". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "RTS Craft and Design Awards 1999–00". Royal Television Society. Retrieved 18 July 2010.[dead link]
- "Programme Awards Winners 2007". Royal Television Society. Retrieved 18 July 2010.[dead link]
- Green, Kris (21 March 2008). "Digital Spy Soap Awards 2008: The Winners". Digital Spy. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "BAFTA Scotland Awards – The Highlights". BAFTA Scotland. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- "Writers' Guild Awards 2010 – shortlists announced". Writers' Guild of Great Britain. Archived from the original on 4 November 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- Wells, Matt (23 May 2000). "Multiculture awards honour Mandela, Ali G and Guardian". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- "EMMA Awards Judges select 2002 finalists in honour of EMMA Patron Donald Woods". PR Newswire. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ""Passion" Wins EMMA Media Awards". BBC News. 25 May 2004. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Singh Dhaliwal, Nirpal (16 April 2005). "Gosh, brown and talented? Super". The Times (London). Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Screen Nation Awards 2005: And the winners are...". Screen Nation. Retrieved 19 July 2010.[dead link]
- "Crash leads Screen Nation's nods". BBC News. 23 August 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Screen Nation Awards". Holby Gazette. 25 August 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2010.[dead link]
- "Screen Nation Film & TV Awards 2007 Official Winners List" (PDF). Screen Nation. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Screen Nation Awards Nominations 2007". Screen Nation. pp. 36–7. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Screen Nation Awards Reveals Winners for 2009 Award Show" (PDF). Screen Nation. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- Allen, Annika (3 November 2008). "Screen Nation nominations announced". Flavour Magazine. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 17 Jan 1999–14 Mar 1999". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 28 Nov 1999–12 Mar 2000". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 8 Oct 2000–10 Jun 2001". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Ratings: Week ending 26 November – Peak Practice overtakes Casualty after slow start". Broadcast. EMAP. 15 December 2000. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 14 Oct 2001–6 Oct 2002". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 13 Oct 2002–5 Oct 2003". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- Timms, Dominic (16 July 2003). "No BBC Paradise for Morrissey". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 12 Oct 2003–17 Oct 2004". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 24 Oct 2004–16 Oct 2005". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 23 Oct 2005–22 Oct 2006". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 29 Oct 2006–28 Oct 2007". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 21 Oct 2007–19 Oct 2008". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 26 Oct 2008–18 Oct 2009". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 20 Oct 2009–17 Oct 2010". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Wilkes, Neil (29 December 2009). "3.4 million 'Dine' with David Gest". Digital Spy. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- "Weekly Top 30 Programmes: Week Ending 24 Oct 2010–17 Apr 2011". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holby City.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Holby City|
- Holby City at BBC Programmes
- Holby City at Digital Spy
- Holby City at the Internet Movie Database
- Holby City at TV.com
- Holby City at What's on TV