Holden Commodore (VP)
|Holden VP Commodore|
Holden VP Executive Sedan
|Manufacturer||Holden (General Motors)|
|Also called||Holden VP Berlina
Holden VP Calais
Holden VP Ute
Toyota Lexcen (T2)
|Assembly||Elizabeth, South Australia, Australia|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
2-door coupé utility
|Platform||GM V platform|
|Related||Holden VQ Statesman/Caprice
HSV VP Series
|Length||4,891 mm (192.6 in)–4,910 mm (193.3 in)|
|Width||1,812 mm (71.3 in)|
|Height||1,403 mm (55.2 in)–1,422 mm (56.0 in)|
|Curb weight||1,332 kg (2,937 lb)|
|Predecessor||Holden VN Commodore|
|Successor||Holden VR Commodore|
The Holden Commodore (VP) is a full-size car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1991 to 1993. It was the second iteration of the second generation of this Australian made model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VP) and Holden Calais (VP).
- 1 Overview
- 2 Models
- 3 Limited edition and other specification levels
- 4 Toyota Lexcen (T2)
- 5 Ute
- 6 HSV range
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
The VP series was released in September 1991 with mainly cosmetic and feature changes to the outgoing VN Series Commodore. The 3.8 litre V6 and 5.0 litre V8 engines from the VN were carried over, but the V6 engine received various revisions that improved its refinement and noise characteristics as well as boosting power by two kilowatts. The 2.0 litre straight-4 engine which had been offered on the VN in certain export markets was discontinued. Semi-trailing arm IRS became standard on Calais and Commodore SS models and became an optional extra on lower-end models. This new suspension drastically improving ride and handling over that offered by the live rear axle. ABS brakes were also introduced in the VP range as an option on Series 1 Calais and Commodore SS models, and on most models with IRS for Series II versions. Additional security features were introduced across the range, including an ignition-disabling device and a driver's door deadlock. The VP series was replaced in July 1993 by the VR Series Commodore.
The Commodore Executive was the base model of the VP Commodore range.
The Commodore S was the cheapest sports variant of the VP Commodore range. It was essentially similar to the Executive, but with sports trim similar to the SS model.
The Commodore SS was the top of the line sports model of the VP Commodore range.
The Commodore Berlina was the cheapest luxury variant of the VP Commodore range.
Commodore Berlina LX
The Commodore Berlina LX was the semi-luxury version of the VP Commodore range. This model was essentially a stepping stone between the Berlina and Calais.
The Calais was the luxury version of the VP Commodore range. It was however not badged or marketed as a Commodore.
Limited edition and other specification levels
Commodore SS V6
The SS V6 was a 1992 limited production model which had all the features of the regular Commodore SS but utilized the 3.8L V6 engine in place of the 5.0L V8. It was produced to homologate a suitable model for the Group 3E Series Production Cars motor racing category, which required a small minimum run of cars to be built. The SS V6's main rival was the Ford EB2 Falcon XR6.
The Commodore BT1, or the Police Pack was a special pack for the VP Commodore that was available to the Australian and New Zealand Police Forces. It was based on the Commodore Executive and added various specification upgrades to cater to the needs of the Police Force. Many believe that BT1 Commodores had a "cop chip" which increased the engine power output, however this is a myth, as the engine power is the same as in regular VP Commodores.
Although the pack varied in each state, they were commonly fitted with:
- FE2 sports suspension
- Oil sump protector
- always-on top lighted speedo (inside the cluster in front of the speedo for "headlights off" speed checks when following speedsters) with 2 km increments (as per Berlina/Calais)
- dome light and map light interior lighting
- 15" X 7" Steel wheels (sometimes called "chaser", "pursuit" or "interceptor" rims)
- Transmission Cooler
- country pack suspension
- vinyl floor mats
- limited slip differential
The Commodore Vacationer was a limited edition model based on the Commodore Executive. The VP Commodore Vacationer was released in October 1992.
The Calais International was a limited edition model based on the VP Calais and released in September 1992. A total of 300 were built, 150 in Alaskan White and the same number in Anthracite Grey. All were equipped with the V8 engine and automatic transmission and the exterior featured Commodore SS lower kit (with fog lights) and a Holden VQ Caprice bootlip as well as unique International badges. The paint was single colour, unlike the standard Calais which had a grey lower half. Standard wheels were the 15in alloys from the VQ Statesman but with Holden logo's in the center cap and the interior was black over tan, with tan partial leather/suede seats, and special leather SS style steering wheel.
Toyota Lexcen (T2)
A badge engineered variant of the Holden VP was marketed by Toyota as the Toyota Lexcen. The T2 series Lexcen was available in CSi, VXi, and Newport trim levels, with a choice of sedan and wagon body styles. It was offered only with the 3.8 litre V6 engine and the four speed automatic transmission, the V8 not being available in the Lexcen.
The enhanced performance VP range sold by Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) comprised the variants listed below.
The VP series HSV Clubsport was launched in 1991 with the same 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8 used in the VN Clubsport. A special edition was launched for both the Senator and Clubsport called the 5000i.
This was HSV's top of the range model, with some 120 produced in total.
The VP series Maloo utility was released in March 1992. Only 49 examples were made in the thirteen months of production, of which 15 were special HSV Fifth Anniversary Edition models, and the final eight were All-Black limited editions. These exclusive build quantities confirm the VP series to be the least production numbers Maloo ute of all.
Introduced 1991 when the VN series was replaced with the VP generation. The year after that the Senator was introduced, based on the VP Commodore. The Senator was created in an attempt to design a vehicle that offered both luxury and performance as well as to complement the existing long-wheelbase Statesman models. Offering smoother styling compared to the HSV Clubsport and GTS models, which favoured performance rather than luxury, the Senator took advantage of the independent rear suspension which was offered on high priced VP Commodores and Statesmans at the time and was only one of a handful of Commodore-based cars that had automatic climate control air conditioning. Other features included a leather interior, cruise control and limited slip differential. A three spoke steering wheel was featured. Top speed was 220 km/h (137 mph). The car is available with HSV's 180 kW (241 hp) 5.0 litre V8 engine coupled to a GM 4-speed automatic transmission or 5-speed manual. There was actually two versions built the standard Senator and the Senator 5000i which featured a more powerful engine. The total number built for both versions was 382.
Notes and references
- Toyota Lexcen Review and Specs, www.gumtree.com.au Retrieved on 2 June 2014
- Tony Davis, Toyota Lexcen, The New Car Buyers Guide, No 5, 1993, Page 106
- The HSV Classic Programme Retrieved from web.archive.org on 18 October 2010
- "20th Anniversary Maloo R8 Brochure". HSV.com.au. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "VP Senator". Retrieved 2007-03-08.
- Holden Model History - Holden Commodore / Calais - VP Series October 1991 - July 1993
- The Commodore Info Page - Holden Commodore / Calais - VP Series October 1991 - July 1993
- The Unofficial Holden Commodore Archive - VP Commodore / Calais
- Unique Cars and Parts: Holden Commodore VP
|Holden, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, 1948–present|
|List of Holden vehicles
† HQ–WB Statesmans not marketed under the "Holden" brand, but rather the separate "Statesman" brand.