Holden EK

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Holden EK
1961-62 EK Special Sedan==.JPG
Holden Special sedan
Overview
Manufacturer Holden (General Motors)
Also called Holden Standard
Holden Special
Holden Utility
Holden Panel Van
Production May 1961 to July 1962
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupé utility
2-door panel van
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 138 cu in (2.3 L) 6-cyl
Transmission 3spd manual
3spd automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 105.0 inches (2667 mm)
Length 181.8 inches (4617 mm)
Width 67.0 inches (1703 mm)
Height 59.9 inches (1521 mm)
Curb weight Standard Sedan: 2471 lb (1121 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Holden FB
Successor Holden EJ

The Holden EK series is a motor vehicle that was produced by Holden in Australia from 1961 to 1962.[1] Introduced on 2 May 1961, the EK series was a facelifted version of the Holden FB, which it replaced.[1]

Model range[edit]

The EK range consisted of four-door sedans in two trim levels, five-door station wagons in two trim levels,[2] a two-door coupe utility and a two-door panel van.[3] The six models were marketed as follows:

Changes[edit]

Special sedan - from the original sales brochure

The EK, the first new Holden released in the 1960s, was a minor face-lift of the superseded FB series, with obvious changes limited to a new grille of eight vertical bars (instead of six), and body side mouldings.[1] In terms of finish, "Standard" vehicles were painted in a single colour with no additional trimming or fittings, while "Special", the most popular model, came with stainless steel trims along the side and a white roof, as well as chrome Special badges, and two-tone vinyl interiors. Parking lights were incorporated into the top grille bar, and other changes included new exterior badges, a revised interior trim, electric wipers (replacing the old vacuum type ones), and a new fresh-air unit [4] with a new ventilation air intake located forward of the windscreen.

The only significant mechanical change from the FB was the introduction of the first automatic transmission to be offered on a Holden.[4] Marketed as the Hydra-Matic, it was a well-regarded three-speed unit which was fully imported from the United States.[4] It was only offered as an option on the Holden Special models.[4] Other options included more than 30 approved NASCO Accessories, such as a bonnet lock, a locking tank cap, a car heater, external rear-view mirrors, or a sunshade.[5]

Visually, the two commercial vehicles, the Utility and Panel Van, remained almost identical to the previous model, the FB. In fact, the FB rear quarter panels and tail lights were carried over to the EK commercials. The carrying capacity was however increased from 8 cwt to 10 cwt by fitting upgraded springs.[1]

Engines[edit]

Like the FB series, all EK models were powered by a 138 cubic inches (2,260 cc) inline six-cylinder engine, commonly referred to (due to its paint colour) as a "grey motor" having been bored out .061" over the earlier 1950s models' 3" bore, producing 75 brake horsepower (56 kW).[6]

Production and replacement[edit]

Like the FB series, the EK was sold in several overseas markets in both left- and right-hand configurations. Primary markets included New Zealand, South-East Asia, and the Pacific Islands. The EK was also sold in South Africa, where it was marketed as the car "built for a country like ours." Due to its rugged nature, it was very popular with farmers in South Africa.[7]

In 1961 112,680 units were sold to the public (compared to 140,336 units in 1960) and Holden employed over 18,500 people,[8] however sales the following year slowed as the effects of the Recession of 1960–61 began to be felt in the Australian economy alongside a new 40 per cent sales tax on motor cars.[9] Further, competitors XK Ford Falcon and R Series Chrysler Valiant, "compact sixes" which had a squarer less cumbersome look, further ate into Holden's market dominance.[10] After a production run of 150,214 vehicles,[1] the EK was replaced by the Holden EJ series in July 1962.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Norm Darwin, 100 Years of GM in Australia, 2002, pages 232-233
  2. ^ a b c d e "Holden, Australia’s Own Car" (GMH sales brochure for Holden EK Sedans and Station Sedans)
  3. ^ a b c "Holden, Australia’s Own Utility, Australia’s Own Panel Van" (GMH sales brochure for Holden EK Utility and Panel Van)
  4. ^ a b c d Tony Davis, Aussie Cars, 1987, page 81
  5. ^ http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/holden_EK_nasco_accessories Retrieved 2009-08-16
  6. ^ Holden EK Technical Specifications Retrieved from www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au on 13 February 2010
  7. ^ Wright, Cedric, ed. (August 1968). "A car owners' report: Holden (1960-66)". CAR (South Africa). Vol. 12 no. 7. Cape Town, South Africa: Central News Agency Ltd. p. 28. 
  8. ^ Holden EK http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/car_info_holden_ek.htm Retrieved 2009-08-16
  9. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/5sm1y5uLn Page 49 Retrieved 2016-12-17
  10. ^ http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/car_info_holden_ek Retrieved 2009-08-16
  11. ^ Norm Darwin, 100 Years of GM in Australia, 2002, pages 234-235

Further reading[edit]

  • Norm Darwin, The history of Holden since 1917, 1983

External links[edit]