Holden Commodore (VC)
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|Holden VC Commodore|
VC Commodore SL Sedan
|Production||30 March 1980 – October 1981|
|Assembly||Dandenong, Victoria, Australia
Elizabeth, South Australia, Australia
Trentham, New Zealand
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
|Platform||GM V platform|
|Related||Opel Rekord E
|Wheelbase||2,668 mm (105.0 in)|
|Length||4,706 mm (185.3 in) – 4,730 mm (186.2 in)|
|Width||1,722 mm (67.8 in) – 1,736 mm (68.3 in)|
|Height||1,379 mm (54.3 in) – 1,375 mm (54.1 in)|
|Curb weight||1,158 kg (2,553 lb) – 1,348 kg (2,972 lb)|
|Predecessor||Holden VB Commodore|
|Successor||Holden VH Commodore|
The Holden Commodore (VC) is a mid-size car that was produced by the Australian subsidiary of General Motors, Holden, from 1980 to 1981. It was the first second iteration of the first generation of this Australian made model.
The VC Commodore was launched in 30 March 1980 and is primarily distinguished by its 'egg-crate' style grille. This series brought many improvements over the VB Commodore and maintained the Commodore's place as the best selling car in Australia. It was replaced by the VH series in October 1981.
The improvements included revised suspension to improve ride and handling, a few cosmetic changes and the availability of new options such as cruise control.
However, one of the biggest changes were a series of engine upgrades which included redesigned cylinder heads, now with a single intake and exhaust port for every cylinder, improved intake/exhaust manifolds, new camshafts and pistons and an all-new carburettor called the Rochester Varajet, as well as the fitment of electronic ignition. In total, these upgrades brought up to 25% more power and 15% better fuel efficiency. The engine block on these motors were painted a blue colour (as opposed to the previous red) and were known as the XT5 versions, although are commonly referred to as the 'Blue' motors.
As well as changes to the existing engines, a new 1.9 litre 4-cylinder engine was introduced. Known as the 'Starfire Four,' the new engine was the 2.85 litre (173 ci) blue six-cylinder engine with two cylinders removed. Also used in the Holden Sunbird, this engine was fitted to the Commodore in response to increasing pressure from the 1979 oil crisis. This new engine was not a complete success however, as its lack of power meant the engine needed to be pushed hard to deliver acceptable performance, negating any fuel saving benefits.
A new spec level was added to the range: the L. Thus the Commodore lineup was L, SL and SL/E. Transmission choices remained the same as the VB Commodore. A total of 121,807 VC Commodores were produced.
With the discontinuation of the Holden HZ models in 1980, the Commodore was complemented by a range of Holden WB commercial vehicles and the Statesman WB luxury models. All of these also utilised the "Blue" motors.
HDT VC Commodore
In late 1979 Holden pulled out of touring car racing after two years of domination by the Holden LX Torana A9X SS Hatchback. In 1980, this led to Peter Brock buying the Holden Dealer Team (HDT), though without Holden funding was needed to continue racing and development. This led to the creation of a modified VC Commodore, tuned and styled under the direction of Peter Brock who established HDT Special Vehicles, not only to produce 'hotted up' versions of the Commodore but as a way of funding the race team. The result was a luxury-performance version of the VC Commodore, to be sold through select Holden dealers throughout Australia. The HDT VC Commodore was powered by an HDT tuned 5 litre V8 engine, producing 160 kW at 4500rpm. The HDT VC Commodore was a limited edition vehicle, with exactly 500 production models produced. These only sold with a choice of three colours (Palais White, Firethorn Red or Tuxedo Black) to pay homage to Marlboro, HDT's main sponsor at the time.
|Holden, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, 1948–present|
|List of Holden vehicles
† HQ–WB Statesmans not marketed under the "Holden" brand, but rather the separate "Statesman" brand.