Holden Commodore (VH)

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For a complete overview of all Commodore models, see Holden Commodore.
Holden VH Commodore
Holden Commodore SLX (1981-1984 VH series) 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Holden (General Motors)
Production 5 October 1981 – February 1984
Assembly Dandenong, Victoria, Australia
Elizabeth, South Australia, Australia
Trentham, New Zealand
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Platform GM V platform
Related Opel Rekord E
Opel Senator
Powertrain
Engine

Inline-four

Straight-six

  • 2.85 L 73 kW (98 hp) Blue
  • 3.3 L 83 kW (111 hp) Blue

V8

  • 4.1 L 100 kW (134 hp) Blue
  • 4.1 L 115 kW (154 hp) Blue
  • 5.0 L 117 kW (157 hp) Blue
  • 5.0 L 126 kW (169 hp) Blue
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,668 mm (105.0 in)
Length
  • 4,706 mm (185.3 in)
  • 4,730 mm (186.2 in) (Wagon)
Width 1,722 mm (67.8 in)
Height 1,363 mm (53.7 in)
Curb weight 1,152 kg (2,540 lb) – 1,326 kg (2,923 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Holden VC Commodore
Successor Holden VK Commodore

The Holden Commodore (VH) is a mid-size car that was produced by the Australian subsidiary of General Motors, Holden, from 1981 to 1984. It was the third iteration of the first generation of this Australian made model.

This new Commodore was an evolution of the previous Holden VC series model, and was released in October 1981. The frontal appearance was mildly facelifted with a new horizontal-slat grille and new lighting components designed to give a lower, wider look, and for interest of aerodynamics. It continued to be available as sedan and station wagon, with new tail light clusters utilized on sedan models.

History[edit]

The engines were carried over but revisions were made to the 1.9 L and 2.85 L engines to improve fuel economy. Gains of 12.5% and 14% respectively were made to the city cycle fuel economy figures.

Mechanical specifications were as before, except for an additional five-speed manual transmission which was an option only (due to the limits of the transmission-box) on the 1.9 L 4-cylinder and 2.85 L straight six versions. A 4,142 cc V8 engine was also available from the beginning.[1] This was later complemented by the more powerful 5.0.

At the same time a reshuffle was made to the range – SL was now the base model and SL/X was introduced as the mid-range car, with SL/E remaining the top-of-the-line sedan. The SL/E also came available with optional cruise control and a trip computer. The trip computer measured average speed and fuel consumption. Wagons were available in SL and SL/X variants.

In 1982 the "SS" sports model was released, a model that has been a Commodore mainstay ever since. The abbreviation stands for "Sports Sedan". Offered with Holden's 4.1 L V8 as standard, three up-spec versions of SS, known as 'Group One', 'Group Two' and 'Group Three' (with the lattermost also featuring the Holden 5.0 L V8 in a higher state of tune) were produced by Peter Brock's HDT facility. The SS sedans were initially exclusively Maranello Red in color, but were later also made available in Alabaster White. To this day, Brock modified VH SS Commodores are considered highly sought after. The Group 3-tuned V8 produces 184 kW (250 PS; 247 hp) at 4750 rpm.[2]


In 1983 an 'Executive' pack of the base Commodore was introduced, primarily directed to fleet buyers. These cars featured automatic transmission and air-conditioning as part of a Commodore SL package, but had no distinguishable external identification badges. Special editions of Commodore released around Christmas 1981, 1982 and 1983 were badged 'Vacationer'.

With the effects of the 1979 energy crisis ending, buyers gravitated towards the larger Ford Falcon rival, rather than the mid-size Commodore. Thus for the first time, the Holden Commodore lost its position as Australia's best-selling car.

Production of this model ceased at the beginning of 1984, to be replaced by the much further facelifted Holden VK Commodore.

Motorsport[edit]

The VH Commodore was first used in Australian Touring car racing in the 1982 Australian Touring Car Championship. Unfortunately controversy reigned as the Holden Dealer Team attempted to run Peter Brock's car with yet-to-be homologated parts. Brock actually scored enough points to win the 1982 ATCC (using both the VC and VH), but was disqualified from all but two races of the series.

Better was to come in the late season endurance races. With the HDT VH Commodore SS now properly homologated, Allan Grice drove his Commodore to pole position in the 1982 James Hardie 1000 at Mount Panorama with a time of 2:17.501 after earlier having been the first driver to lap the 6.172 km (3.835 mi) circuit in a touring car at better than 100 mph (161 km/h) with a lap of 2:17.8 in official qualifying. The Holden VH Commodore SS went on to fill the top 4 places in the race with the HDT Commodore of Peter Brock and Larry Perkins winning the race.

The Commodore was still a major force in the 1983 Australian Touring Car Championship with both Grice and Brock each winning two of the eight round series. However, they were forced to give best to Allan Moffat and his smaller, lighter (and thus much better suited to the tigh Australian tracks) Mazda RX-7. Moffat won four of the eight rounds, and with the emergence of the smaller capacity Nissan Bluebird turbo of George Fury, Brock and Grice finished only 3rd and 4th at the end of the championship.

Further homologations grants from the Confederation of Australian Motorsport (CAMS) in August 1983 saw the VH Commodore SS once again the car to beat. Peter Brock set pole position at the 1983 James Hardie 1000 (VH Commodores filled 7 of the top 10 spots on the grid), and although his own car suffered a rare engine failure on lap 8 of the race, he and Perkins then moved into the teams second car with its lead driver John Harvey to go on and win the race. The second HDT car was in fact the 1982 winning car giving the Commodore the distinction of being the only car to twice win the Bathurst 1000. The VH Commodore would fill six of the top 10 finishing positions in the race.

The VH continued to be a major force into 1984, with Brock winning the opening two rounds of the 1984 ATCC before finishing second to Moffat's Mazda in Round 3. Unfortunately however Brock was to miss two rounds of the series while racing a Porsche 956 at the 1000 km of Silverstone and Le Mans 24 Hours. Brock would eventually finish second in the championship behind the Ford XE Falcon of Dick Johnson. The VH Commodore SS has the distinction of winning the final ATCC race held under the locally developed Group C regulations when Allan Grice won the 7th and final round of the championship at the Adelaide International Raceway on 1 July.

The VH Commodore SS was succeeded by the Holden VK Commodore in the last half of 1984, though it was only the HDT, Roadways and Warren Cullen's team who would race the new model. The VH remained the Commodore of choice for the privateers. The car's touring car racing life came to an end at the end of 1984 as CAMS had decided that Australia would use the FIA's international Group A regulations from 1985.

The VH Commodore also proved to be popular in Sports Sedan racing as well as in speedway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lösch, Annamaria, ed. (1982). World Cars 1982. Pelham, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. pp. 394–395. ISBN 0-910714-14-2. 
  2. ^ "1982 Holden Commodore HDT Brock Group 3 5.0 Litre V8 4-speed specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Pawel Zal. Retrieved 2013-12-16.