Holden v. Hardy

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Holden v. Hardy
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued October 21, 1897
Decided February 28, 1898
Full case name Holden v. Hardy, Sheriff
Citations 169 U.S. 366 (more)
18 S. Ct. 383; 42 L. Ed. 780; 1898 U.S. LEXIS 1501
Prior history Writ of habeas corpus denied; Holden remanded to custody of Sheriff Hardy
Subsequent history None
Laws limiting working hours in mines and smelters are a legitimate, constitutional exercise of the state police power because of the inherent danger of such work.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Melville Fuller
Associate Justices
John M. Harlan · Horace Gray
David J. Brewer · Henry B. Brown
George Shiras Jr. · Edward D. White
Rufus W. Peckham · Joseph McKenna
Case opinions
Majority Brown, joined by Fuller, Harlan, Gray, Shiras, White, McKenna
Dissent Brewer, Peckham
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. XIV; Utah state law

Holden v. Hardy, 169 U.S. 366 (1898), is a US labor law case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that a limitation on working time for miners and smelters was constitutional.


A Utah state law limited the number of work hours for miners and smelters.


The Supreme Court held the Utah law was a legitimate exercise of the police power. Such a law is legitimate if there is indeed a rational basis, supported by facts, for the legislature to believe particular work conditions are dangerous. It distinguish the case from laws imposing universal maximum hour rules, that were unconstitutional under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

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