|Furness Building Society Stadium|
Holker Street, also known as the Furness Building Society Stadium for sponsorship purposes, is a sports stadium located in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England. Currently and originally used as a football ground, it has also previously been used for speedways races. In addition, the ground also previously had some leisure centre facilities, including four squash courts which have now been demolished. Its current owners and tenants for the vast majority of its history are Barrow A.F.C., who have played at the ground since 1909. Despite having a present capacity of 5,000, some 16,874 people crammed the stadium in January 1954 when Barrow played Swansea Town in the FA Cup third round.
The current site of Holker Street was previously land owned by the Furness Railway, who had used the land as a rubbish tip. It had been converted into a football pitch by Hindpool Athletic football club, though no stands had been built and the pitch had little grass; indeed, pieces of refuse which had been left on the site remained an obstacle for many years after the ground had been developed. Barrow, who had been founded in 1901 and had spent eight seasons playing at a variety of grounds in Barrow, moved in and took a five-year rent from Furness Railway in 1909. The first game played by Barrow at the ground was in the Lancashire Combination league match against Eccles Borough. The game finished in a 5–2 victory for Barrow.
The first structure built at the ground was a wooden all-seater stand in 1912. By 1921, when Barrow were elected into the new Third Division (North) of the Football League, Holker Street had been developed into an "excellent ground" with fully covered terracing surrounding the three remaining sides, changing rooms and turnstiles. The first match at this level was against Stockport County, with an attendance of 9,750.
Football League period
Holker Street remained a good quality ground during the 1930s, with further upgrades following the Second World War seeing the wooden stand replaced by terracing. Post-war attendances were the highest in the ground's history, with at least one match a year attracting over 10,000 fans in the first ten seasons after the resumption of the football league in 1946. The highest attendance at Holker Street was recorded in 1954 when 16,874 fans saw Barrow draw 2–2 with Swansea Town in the third round of the FA Cup. Attendances dropped to an average of between five and six thousand through the 1950s and 1960s, though the last (to date) attendance of over 10 000 occurred in 1968 when 16,650 was the sell-out attendance for Barrow's FA Cup match against Leicester City.
Floodlights had been erected around the ground in 1963, but the next major changes to occur were in 1972. With Barrow relegated from the Football League Third Division into the Fourth Division, the club was struggling financially and the decision was made to create a speedway track around the edge of the football pitch, resurrecting a sport that had briefly been hosted at Holker Street in 1930. Construction involved the demolishing of the 'Steelworks End' of the ground, and the removal of the front rows of the other terraces. Matches had to be played with grass on top of boards which covered the speedway track, resulting in complaints from other teams. Such problems were influential in the decision of the Football League clubs' to votes against Barrow when the team had to seek re-election to the league following a bottom four finish in the Fourth Division at the end of the 1971–1972 season, and Barrow were demoted to the Northern Premier League. As it was, the speedway team 'Barrow Bombers' who operated from Holker Street did so only for two years from 1972 till 1974, when the track was removed due to its unpopularity amongst other football clubs.
Following demotion and the speedway era, Holker Street had become rather dilapidated. The remaining stands were demolished due to Health and Safety concerns, though a cover was retained for the 'Popular Side' and terracing was pushed closer to the pitch following the removal of the speedway track. The CrossBar leisure club and bar was subsequently built at the former Steelworks End as part of a job creation scheme; this remains a dominant feature of the ground and is now the match day hospitality suite, as well as a conference centre. The other major development since the 1970s has been the construction of an all seater 'Main Stand' on the Wilkie Road side of the ground. This was built during the period when the club was owned by Stephen Vaughan and was opened in 1998.
Shortly following this, however, Holker Street became a key part of Barrow's financial problems. During the writing of gangster Curtis Warren's autobiography, Warren claimed to a journalist that he owned Holker Street. The claim lead the police to investigate Vaughan's activities, suspecting him of money laundering for Warren. Vaughan was later cleared of all charges, but withdrew his financial backing from Barrow during the course of the investigation. This sent Barrow into administration, during which conflicts over the ownership of Holker Street were central. Vaughan had bought Holker Street from Barrow, transferring ownership to his company Northern Improvements. Vaughan paid Barrow £110,000 directly for the ground, claiming that the full value of £410,000 was made up by the £300,000 investment that he had made into the club whilst chairman. Following a long legal battle, lasting from 1998 through till 2002  the transaction was eventually deemed improper and the newly formed Barrow ownership were able to regain ownership of the ground.
Holker Street has remained unchanged since the redevelopment of the main stand in the mid-1990s. Described as having "a traditional, old fashioned feel", the ground has three sides of terracing and one all-seater Main Stand, the latter with a capacity of around 1,000. The Main Stand, backing onto Wilkie Road is raised above the central portion of the pitch, with flat standing on either side. The Popular Side now has the only covered terracing, opposite the Main Stand. This end is dominated by the CrossBar which houses the club's offices, and which somewhat damages the aesthetics of the ground. The ground has large floodlighting structures in its four corners, and basic catering facilities.
- The Tracks Barrow Speedway Website. 9 October 2004. Accessed 30 September 2009
- AFC Weekly Report barrowafc.com. Accessed 30-09-09
- Holker Street Stats
- Holker Street Newsletter 146 – 28 August 1998 barrowfc.com. Accessed 30-09-09
- PIONEERING DAYS AT HOLKER STREET North-West Evening Mail 07-09-09 Accessed 30-09-09
- TON UP FOR BARROW AFC AT HOLKER STREET North-West Evening Mail. 03-09-09. Accessed 30-09-09
- Ground of the Week: Holker Street BBC London 13-10-08. Accessed 30-09-09
- Holker Street history Football Supporters Federation. Accessed 30-09-09
- Barrowfc.com See 'season overviews' section. Accessed 01-10-09
- Club History Phil Yelland. Barrowafc.com Accessed 01-10-09
- Bamford, R & Jarvis J.(2001). Homes of British Speedway. ISBN 0-7524-2210-3
- http://www.guardian.co.uk/theobserver/2000/may/14/features.magazine47 Cocky] Sweeney, John. The Observer 14-05-00. Accessed 09-10-09
- Barrow's hate figure moves in at Chester Conn, David. The Independent. 02-11-01. Accessed 09-10-09
- Barrow 0–2 U's: The Sirens and the Prams Cambridge United. Accessed 09-10-09
- Holker Street Conferencegrounds.co.uk.; Accessed 09-10-09