Holland 602 type submarine
USS H-3 served as the prototype for the class
|In commission:||- 1950|
|Length:||46 m (151 ft)|
|Beam:||4.9 m (16 ft)|
|Draught:||3.8 m (12 ft)|
The Holland 602 type submarine, also known as the H class submarine was one of the most numerous submarines of the First World War. The type was designed by the Electric Boat Co. of the United States but most of the boats were built abroad: in Canada by the subsidiary of the British Vickers company and in British shipyards.
Operators included the United States Navy, the Chilean Navy, the Royal Navy (33 submarines), the Imperial Russian Navy, the Soviet Navy, the Italian Regia Marina, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Royal Dutch Navy and the navy of the short-lived Ukrainian State.
Background and history
The predecessor for this class were two submarines ordered in 1911 for the Chilean Navy, to the John Philip Holland design 19-E and design 19-B. These eventually became the CC class submarines of the Royal Canadian Navy.
In October 1914, after the start of World War I, the British Admiralty ordered ten submarines to design 602E, to be built by Canadian Vickers in Montreal, Quebec. These would become the British H class submarines. Another ten submarines were secretly constructed at Fore River Yard at Quincy, Massachusetts, in the then neutral United States. This group was impounded by the United States government and ended up in the Chilean Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy after the American declaration of war. A third group, of twenty-five British H class subs, was constructed in 1917-1919 in Britain, many of them serving in World War II.
In the summer of 1915 eight type 602 submarines were ordered by the Italian Regia Marina. These were built in Montreal, Quebec.
In 1917 the Imperial Russian Navy ordered a total of 17 submarines for its Baltic and Black Sea Fleets. These were built at a temporary shipyard in Barnet on Burrard Inlet outside Vancouver, British Columbia. They were then disassembled, taken by ship to Vladivostok, by the Trans-Siberian Railroad to Saint Petersburg and Nikolayev to be reassembled in Russian Shipyards. In Russia they were known as the "Amerikansky Golland" class submarines.
Six of the boats were undelivered at the time of the Russian Revolution of 1917. These were later bought by the United States Navy, and after reassembly at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, they became the United States H class submarines H-4 - H-9. In 1918 the Black Sea Fleet submarines "АG-21" - "АG-26" were taken over by the Ukrainian State Navy. In May 1918 the Finnish Navy salvaged two of the Baltic fleet submarines scuttled off Hanko at the end of the Finnish Civil War, but was unable to refit them for service.
- H class (42 in total)
- Group 1 (1915)
- Group 2 (1915 - 1918, The whole group was impounded by the US government.)
- Group 3 (1917-1919)
- United States H class submarines
- USS H-1 - H-3 (3 boats, prototypes)
- USS H-4 - H-9 (5 boats, originally built for the Imperial Russian Navy)
Italian Regia Marina
- Italian H1 - H8 (8 boats)
- American Holland class submarine
Media related to Holland 602 type submarine at Wikimedia Commons
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- World War One Submarines Built in Canada
- The Canadian-built British H-boats
- Technical Details
- Photo gallery
- City of Los Angeles . . . An Inland City with the First Submarine Base on the Pacific Coast
- The Legend of Electric Boat, by Jeffrey L. Rodengen, 1994 ISBN 0-945903-24-3
- Britain's Clandestine Submarines 1914-1915, by Gaddis Smith, 1964, ISBN 0-208-01504-3.
- The Subterfuge Submarines, by E. C. Fischer jr., in Warship International , 1977 Vol. XIV No.3
- Building Submarines for Russia in Burrard Inlet, by W.Kaye Lamb, in BC Studies No.71 Autumn, 1986