Holland Lop

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A pair of two-month-old Holland Lops

The Holland Lop is a breed of rabbit originating in the Netherlands. The breed was recognized by the Netherlands' Governing Rabbit Council in 1964 and the American Rabbit Breeders' Association in 1979. They are popular house pets, and are very popular and competitive for show. They are also known for their sweet temperament and nonaggressive behavior, though they retain a certain doglike tenacity.

Temperament[edit]

The Holland Lop is often thought of as a highly calm and gentle pet rabbit, and this is usually true. This breed tends to be very kind and quiet, though they need exercise like most rabbits. The Holland Lop makes an excellent pet for children or families, and especially as a first rabbit. They are very easy to care for and have a sweet personality that makes them wonderful pets.

History[edit]

The Holland Lop rabbit breed was developed in the Netherlands by a man named Adrian DeCock. He crossed a French Lop to a Netherland Dwarf, giving birth to the first ancestor of the Holland Lop. The breed came to the USA in 1975 and was instantly popular. They were soon recognized by the ARBA and are still incredibly popular today. [1]

Diet And Feeding[edit]

The Holland Lop rabbit should be fed daily with good quality pellets, fresh vegetables and unlimited grass or timothy hay, as well as fresh water. Pellets should be fed at 1/4 cup to 1/2 cup per 6 pounds of body weight. [2] Rabbits enjoy many different types of fresh vegetables, such as romaine lettuce, endives, parsley, coriander, dill, fennel and arugula, as well as carrots. Fresh leafy vegetables should be fed at a rate of at least 1 packed cup per 2 pounds of body a day. Leafy greens high in oxalic acid, such as parsley and spinach, should not be fed every day. Non-leafy vegetables such as carrots or peppers should be fed in much smaller quantities, about 1 tablespoon per 2 pound of body weight per day. [3] Alfalfa hay or alfalfa based pellets should only be fed to juvenile rabbits under 1 year. Treats from pet supplies stores are often not particularly safe for rabbits to ingest. They often are high in sugar or fat, or contain foods that rabbits cannot digest. [4] Rabbits can experience gastrointestinal upsets or diarrhea from foods their bodies are not used to. To avoid this, slowly introduce new foods one at a time, starting with small quantities and gradually increasing to larger portions over several days. Severe diarrhea can be fatal between 24-48 hours, any rabbit showing signs of this needs immediate medical care.

Conformation and Showing[edit]

The Holland Lop is a small breed of the compact body type. They exhibit normal, rollback fur. The body is to be short and massive. The shoulders should be wide, as should the hindquarters. The chest should be broad with width between front legs. Does are permitted to have a small dewlap. Animals are faulted for a narrow body, low shoulders, and undercut hindquarters. The head is to be apple-like in appearance, with width between the eyes. The head should be set high on the shoulder. The ears should hang vertically, approximately one finger's width from the eye. The crown should be strongly defined. The bone and legs should be thick, and the fur glossy and dense.

Holland Lops can be excitable by nature, and may need to be set into the correct pose. However, many mature Holland Lops of quality will pose fairly easily. To correctly pose a Holland, hold the hindquarters gently while taking the chin and lifting it into a high position to show off proper Holland Lop body type.

For show, Holland Lops must meet the following requirements. Senior bucks and does must be 6 months or older and not weigh over 1.81 kg or 4 pounds. Junior bucks and does are to be under 6 months of age, with a minimum weight 0.91 kg or 2 pounds. No animal be shown in a higher or lower age classification than its true age. During the competition, all colors are to be shown as either Solid and Broken pattern. Recognized colors within a group are not to be judged separately.

The varieties of Holland Lop are divided into 8 color groups:

(1) Self: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac, Ruby-Eyed White and Blue-Eyed White

(2) Shaded: Tortoise (Black, Blue, Chocolate, and Lilac), Sable Point, Siamese Sable, Seal, Smoke Pearl.

(3) Agouti: Chestnut Agouti, Chocolate Agouti, Chinchilla, Chocolate Chinchilla, Lynx, Opal, and Squirrel.

(4) Tan Pattern: Otter (Black, Blue, Chocolate, and Lilac)

(5) Wide Band: Cream, Fawn, Frosty, Orange, and Red.

(6) Pointed White: Pointed White (Black, Blue, Chocolate, and Lilac).

(7) Ticked: Gold Tipped Steel and Silver Tipped Steel (Black, Blue, Chocolate, and Lilac.)

(8) Broken: Broken Pattern, Tri-Color.

Holland Lops may not be shown in Silver Marten or Vienna varieties.

Gallery[edit]

A Holland Lop in the broken color pattern.
A Holland Lop in an outdoor playpen.
Two black and white broken Holland Lops.
A young Holland Lop.
A solid Holland Lop.
A pet Holland Lop. Notice the blue eyes, which disqualify from show.
A Holland Lop showing the chocolate color.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://rabbitbreeders.us/holland-lop-rabbits
  2. ^ "Diet FAQ". House Rabbit Society. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Suggested Vegetables and Fruits". House Rabbit Society. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Treat Foods". House Rabbit Society. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 

2. <ref>Fletcher, Ann (2013). "Holland Lop Rabbits The Complete Owner's Guide to Holland Lop Bunnies How to Care for your Holland Lop Pet, including Breeding, Lifespan, Colors, Health, Personality, Diet and Facts", p. 68.

Evolution Knowledge Limited. ISBN 9781909820043 .</ref>

External links[edit]