Holešov

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Holešov
Dr. E. Beneše Square
Flag of Holešov
Coat of arms of Holešov
Holešov is located in Czech Republic
Holešov
Holešov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°20′0″N 17°34′42″E / 49.33333°N 17.57833°E / 49.33333; 17.57833Coordinates: 49°20′0″N 17°34′42″E / 49.33333°N 17.57833°E / 49.33333; 17.57833
Country Czech Republic
RegionZlín
DistrictKroměříž
First mentioned1141
Government
 • MayorRudolf Seifert (TOP 09)
Area
 • Total33.95 km2 (13.11 sq mi)
Elevation
232 m (761 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total11,509
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
769 01
Websitewww.holesov.cz

Holešov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦolɛʃof]; German: Holleschau, Hebrew: העלשויא) is a town in Kroměříž District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 12,000 inhabitants. The historic town centre with the castle complex is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Administrative parts[edit]

Town parts and villages of Dobrotice, Količín, Tučapy, Všetuly and Žopy are administrative parts of Holešov.

Geography[edit]

Holešov ls located about 12 kilometres (7 mi) east of Kroměříž and 12 kilometres (7 mi) north of Zlín. The town lies on the Rusava river.

Holešov is located on the western hillside of the Hostýn-Vsetín Mountains within the Western Carpathians. The highest point of the municipal territory is the top of the hill Lysina with an elevation of 598 metres (1,962 ft).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Holešov (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1980−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
17.5
(63.5)
23.6
(74.5)
29.3
(84.7)
32.3
(90.1)
33.8
(92.8)
36.3
(97.3)
36.9
(98.4)
31.3
(88.3)
26.0
(78.8)
21.7
(71.1)
15.4
(59.7)
36.9
(98.4)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
11.6
(52.9)
17.8
(64.0)
24.0
(75.2)
27.5
(81.5)
31.0
(87.8)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
27.1
(80.8)
22.4
(72.3)
15.9
(60.6)
10.0
(50.0)
33.8
(92.8)
Average high °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
3.9
(39.0)
8.9
(48.0)
15.5
(59.9)
19.9
(67.8)
23.6
(74.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
20.0
(68.0)
14.0
(57.2)
7.7
(45.9)
2.3
(36.1)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
0.5
(32.9)
4.5
(40.1)
9.8
(49.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.8
(64.0)
19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
14.9
(58.8)
9.8
(49.6)
4.9
(40.8)
0.1
(32.2)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.8
(27.0)
0.3
(32.5)
4.1
(39.4)
8.7
(47.7)
12.1
(53.8)
13.7
(56.7)
13.6
(56.5)
10.0
(50.0)
5.9
(42.6)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.2
(41.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −15.0
(5.0)
−12.9
(8.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
1.5
(34.7)
5.2
(41.4)
7.3
(45.1)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
−6.1
(21.0)
−12.3
(9.9)
−17.1
(1.2)
Record low °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32.0)
3.7
(38.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−16.9
(1.6)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−29.4
(−20.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.4
(1.16)
30.6
(1.20)
36.4
(1.43)
37.1
(1.46)
73.1
(2.88)
76.3
(3.00)
78.9
(3.11)
67.2
(2.65)
67.6
(2.66)
46.8
(1.84)
39.7
(1.56)
35.4
(1.39)
618.4
(24.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.7 7.1 8.3 7.4 9.8 9.3 9.4 8.0 8.5 8.0 8.0 7.9 99.4
Source: infoclimat.fr[2][better source needed]

History[edit]

Old Synagogue

The first written mention of Holešov is from 1141 in a deed of Jindřich Zdík, when the settlement was a fief of bishops of Olomouc. Between 1300 and 1322, the market village transformed into a town.[3]

In the second half of the 14th century, Holešov was acquired by the lords of Sternberg. In the late 16th century, the town was held by Karel Sr. of Zierotin and later by Ladislav IV Popel of Lobkowicz. In 1574, the local Gothic fortress was rebuilt into a Renaissance residence. Holešov suffered during the Thirty Years' War and in 1643, the castle and two thirds of the town were burned down. From 1650 to 1762, Holešov was owned by the Rottal family. During their rule, the town was reconstructed, and a large castle with a Baroque French-style garden and the Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary were built.[3][4]

The last owners of Holešov was the Vrbna family. After 1848, Holešov became the administrative centre of the Holešov District and the economic centre of the region. The town began to industrialize and the main industries were the woodworking, furniture, knitting and food industries. In 1960, the district of Holešov was dissolved.[3]

Jewish presence[edit]

The first mention of Jewish presence in the town is from 1391. The Jewish community began to form here after 1454, when the Jews were expelled from royal towns. From 1849 until 1918, the Jewish community had its own administration separated from the town. In these times, the community participated on the town's industrialization and included successful enterpreneurs. The Jews almost disappeared from Holešov in the World War II as the result of the Holocaust.[5]

The Old Synagogue was built after the local wooden synagogue was destroyed by a fire in 1560. The New Synagogue was built in 1893 and destroyed by the Nazis in 1941.[6][3]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18696,924—    
18807,267+5.0%
18908,012+10.3%
19008,907+11.2%
19109,875+10.9%
YearPop.±%
19219,714−1.6%
193010,184+4.8%
19509,759−4.2%
196110,994+12.7%
197010,972−0.2%
YearPop.±%
198012,317+12.3%
199112,717+3.2%
200112,463−2.0%
201111,755−5.7%
202111,509−2.1%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[7]

Economy[edit]

The public airport of regional importance in the southern part of Holešov was transformed into the Strategic Industrial Zone, one of the largest industrial zones in the country.[8]

Sights[edit]

Holešov Castle
Former Trinitarian monastery

Holešov is known for its large castle with the French-style garden complex and a game park. The early Baroque castle was built in 1655–1674. Today the castle is open to the public and houses also the town museum and gallery.[4]

The landmark of the town square is the parish Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary. The Baroque church was built in 1708 and consecrated in 1735. In 1748, the Black Chapel was added to the church. Under the chapel is the crypt of the Rottal and Vrbna noble families.[9]

Trinitarian monastery is a valuable Baroque complex of buildings from 1748–1750. Its Church of Saint Anne was originally a part of the pre-castle complex.[9]

The Old Synagogue is the second oldest synagogue in Moravia. It is an uncommon synagogue of the Polish type built in the Renaissance style which includes ornate ironwork and paintings on ceilings and walls using floral and animal motifs. The Old Synagogue, also known as the "Shakh" or "Šach" Synagogue, was preserved because it looked like an ordinary building from outside. Today it containts an exhibition about the life of Jews in Moravia.[6]

The Jewish cemetery contains about 3,000 graves. The oldest preserved tombstones are from 1647.[10]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Holešov is twinned with:[11]

Holešov also cooperates with Gloggnitz in Austria.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1991-2020 à Holesov". infoclimat.fr. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "Historie" (in Czech). Město Holešov. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  4. ^ a b "Historie zámku" (in Czech). Město Holešov. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  5. ^ "Vývoj židovské obce v Holešově" (in Czech). Holešov jinýma očima. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  6. ^ a b "Šachova synagóga" (in Czech). Holešov jinýma očima. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  7. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Kroměříž" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  8. ^ "Strategic industrial zone in Holešov". Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  9. ^ a b "Církevní památky" (in Czech). Město Holešov. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  10. ^ "Židovský hřbitov" (in Czech). Holešov jinýma očima. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  11. ^ a b "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Holešov. Retrieved 2021-12-15.

External links[edit]