Hollingbury is an area of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex. The area sits high on a hillside across the north of the city above Patcham which lies in a valley to the west, Coldean in a valley to the east, and the A27 bypass forming the northern limit. To the south it blends into leafy Surrenden and the busy Fiveways shopping area.
Hollingbury Hill itself reaches an elevation of 584 feet (178 m) above sea level and on the summit is Hollingbury Castle Camp, an Iron Age hill fort dating from around the sixth century B.C. It is where Triangulation Point (or Trigpoint) TP3970 used for the 1936 Ordnance Survey mapping of Great Britain is located.
The north-western slopes of the hill have been developed and are populated with housing dating from the 1940s onwards with minor retail and industrial use.
The hill fort is located within Hollingbury Park, an area of approximately 240 acres (0.97 km2; 0.38 sq mi) most of which is occupied by the municipal golf course, designed in 1907 and remodelled in 1936. The park also contains football pitches, six tennis courts, a bowling green and a children’s playground. For many years the park was known by locals as "The Rocket Park" on account of the rocket-shaped climbing frame in the playground but this was removed and the playground extended in the early 1980s. An area towards the northern end of the park is fenced off and contains a weather station and underground reservoir. On a clear day, the park offers views over the city to the English Channel. Adjacent to the park is an area of woodland planted in the nineteenth century; the majority of this was destroyed in the Great Storm of October 1987. The local council maintains an easy access trail through the woodland. Carden Park, located towards the north-east of the estate between Carden school and the industrial estate, occupies approximately 12 acres (0.05 km2; 0.02 sq mi) and was originally laid out in the 1950s. The original tennis courts and swings were lost during industrial development in 1968 and the park now contains a football pitch and play area for young children.
As part of the Asda development in 1987, the company built a local community centre, known as Old Boat Corner Community Centre, situated in Carden Park which opened in April 1989. Today the centre is thriving and is very much open to local residents. The Community Centre has a members Social Club and there are lots of different groups running from the Centre including Sports Clubs, Over 60s Clubs, Toddler Groups and Drama Classes. Full details can be found on the website.
In 2008, a purpose-built medical centre (County Oak medical centre) opened on the previously unused space in the southern corner of Carden School grounds. The building is eco-friendly, making use of solar panels for heating and light tubes to transmit natural daylight into the building.
The small branch library in Carden Hill opened on 27 April 1962. The pre-fabricated building which houses the library originally opened in September 1950 as the County Oak public house. When this moved into a newly built brick building in March 1961, the original building was refitted as the library.
The building of Hollingbury housing estate, located on the north-western slopes of the hill, commenced in 1946. The development is a mixture of bungalows, flats and houses with most of the earlier properties having large gardens. Some properties were originally owned by the local council and some were privately owned although a large number of the local council ones have since been sold. Some roads (Westfield Crescent for example) contained clusters of houses for use as armed forces or police service housing. Most of these have been sold and are now privately owned.
The housing is divided by small parades of local shops which are located throughout the estate along with some public houses.
The estate is the town's largest post-war (World War II) council estate and is built on land originally acquired by the council in November 1909.
The main primary school for the area is Carden, built in the late 1940s and one of the first schools to be completed in the post-war period. Alderman Morris, then Mayor of Brighton, laid the foundation stone on 22 October 1947 and the first children attended on 3 September 1948. The school is built on a natural west-facing slope and was constructed in a revolutionary design using pre-cast concrete. The exterior remained unpainted grey textured concrete for many years. The classrooms all have doors which open out onto patio areas leading to the belief that the building was originally designed to be used as a hospital in the event of further hostilities. The original Carden Infants and Carden Junior schools merged in September 1999 to become Carden Primary School.
Commerce and industry
Hollingbury industrial estate, located in the north-east of the estate near the borders with Stanmer, Coldean and Patcham, occupies around 18 acres (0.07 km2; 0.03 sq mi) and was developed by the local council from 1950. The factories on the estate employed 8,000 local people at one time but most of the manufacturing companies had closed down or moved out by the 1980s when fewer than 1,000 people were employed. The area saw a revival in 1987 with the building of an Asda superstore. Additional retail units followed in subsequent years and the area was further boosted when the offices and printing presses of the local newspaper The Argus moved from the city centre onto the industrial estate.
Brighton & Hove Bus and Coach Company routes 5B, 24, 26, 46, 55, 56 and 88 link the Hollingbury estate to the city centre and other outlying areas of the city.
Places of interest
- "Hollingbury Hillfort". Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "Trigpoint TP3970 Details". Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "Hollingbury Park Golf Course". Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- "Friends of Hollingbury and Burstead Woods". Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- "Hollingbury Woods Easy Access Trail Guide" (PDF). Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- Carder, Timothy (1990). The encyclopaedia of Brighton. Lewes: East Sussex County Libraries. ISBN 978-0-86147-315-1.
- "Old Boat Corner Community Centre". Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "County Oak Medical Centre". Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "Hollingbury Library". Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- "www.mybrightonandhove.org.uk History of Hollingbury". Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "Carden School". Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "Carden School history" (PDF). Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "www.mybrightonandhove.org.uk Carden School". Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "History of Carden School". Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- "www.mybrightonandhove.org.uk Introduction to Hollingbury-History notes". Retrieved 23 November 2008.