|Neighborhoods of Queens|
Intersection of Jamaica Avenue and Hollis Avenue
|City||New York City|
|• Native American||0.6%|
|ZIP codes||11412, 11423|
|Area code(s)||718/347/929, 917|
Hollis is a middle-class neighborhood within the southeastern section of the New York City borough of Queens. A predominantly African-American community, the boundaries are considered to be the Atlantic Branch of the Long Island Rail Road to the west, Hillside Avenue to the north, Francis Lewis Boulevard to the east (although parts of Queens Village are addressed as Hollis on water bills), and Murdock Avenue to the south. Much of this area is considered to be within the St. Albans postal district. Hollis is close to Jamaica and Queens Village. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 12. Hollis is patrolled by the NYPD's 113th Precinct. Public schools in the area are operated by the New York City Department of Education.
The first European settlers were Dutch homesteaders in the 17th century. A century later, early in the American Revolutionary War, it was the site of part of the Battle of Long Island, a battle in which the rebel Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull was captured at a tavern on what is now Jamaica Avenue. Woodhull Avenue in Hollis is named after him. The area remained rural until 1885, when developers turned 136 acres (55 ha) into houses, and the area is still developed primarily with single-family houses. In 1898, it became a part of New York City with the rest of the borough of Queens.
Since the end of the Korean War, the neighborhood has been settled primarily by African-American families. In recent years, the area has seen a large influx of South Asians and West Indians. The area has a majority of working parents with many early childhood schools in Hollis. Hollis is mainly within zip codes 11423 and 11412.
Holliswood, previously known as Terrace Heights, is an upper middle class subsection of Hollis bounded by the Hillside Avenue to the south, Francis Lewis Boulevard to the east, Grand Central Parkway to the north, and 188th Street to the west. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 8. At 193rd Street is Foothill Malls, a green traffic median with a memorial marking the main entrance to the upscale subdivision.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Hollis was 20,269, a decrease of 478 (2.3%) from the 26,061 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 525.10 acres (212.50 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 38.6 inhabitants per acre (24,700/sq mi; 9,500/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.0% (12,973) African American, 10.7% (2,167) Asian, 2.3% (460) White, 0.6% (126) Native American, 0.1% (20) Pacific Islander, 4.8% (974) from other races, and 4.3% (876) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% (2,673) of the population.
Long Island Rail Road service is available at the Hollis station, located at 193rd Street and Woodhull Avenue. The station is served mostly by the Hempstead Branch. West of Hollis station is the LIRR's Holban Yard, a freight yard that has been shared with St. Albans for over a century, and has included the Hillside Maintenance Facility since 1991. The Q1, Q2, Q36, Q43, Q76, Q77, Q110 buses serve Hollis, as well as closed-door NICE Bus service at Francis Lewis Boulevard.
Since the beginning of hip-hop, the neighborhood has been a hotbed of talent, sparked primarily by the fact that hip-hop producer and icon Russell Simmons is from this community, as is his brother Joseph, who along with his friends Darryl McDaniels and Jason Mizell formed the rap group Run-D.M.C. (who had a hit with the seasonal song "Christmas in Hollis").
Other notable residents include:
- Apani B, hip-hop artist
- Black, Rock and Ron
- Byron Brown (born 1958), mayor of Buffalo, New York.
- Art Buchwald (1925–2007), political humorist.
- Lord Burgess (b. 1924), songwriter
- Jaki Byard (1922–1999), jazz musician
- Gloster B. Current (1913–1997), former deputy executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People also the National Director of Branches and Field Administration of the N.A.A.C.P. during the Civil Rights Movement
- Roy Eldridge (1911-1989), jazz trumpeter
- Lani Guinier (born 1950), civil rights legal scholar.
- Brian Hardgroove, bass player with Public Enemy.
- Roy Haynes (born 1925), jazz drummer
- DJ Hurricane (born 1965), hip hop DJ, producer and rapper
- Royal Ivey (born 1981), NBA Basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers.
- Ja Rule (born 1976), rapper
- Milt Jackson (1923-1999), jazz vibraphonist and drummer
- Daymond John (born 1969), founder and CEO of FUBU
- LL Cool J (born 1968), rapper
- Ed Lover (born 1963), actor, radio and television personality
- Gregory Weldon Meeks (born 1953), U.S. Representative for New York's 5th congressional district
- Lee Q. O'Denat, founder of World Star Hip Hop
- Garrett Oliver
- Run DMC, Hip-Hop group
- Rev. Al Sharpton (born 1954), civil rights activist
- Russell Simmons
- Stephen A. Smith (born 1967), ESPN sports personality
- Young, Andrew, civil rights activist and former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
- Young MC, rapper
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Queens Community Boards, New York City. Accessed September 3, 2007.
- 113th Precinct, New York City Police Department.
- Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (1995), The Encyclopedia of New York City, New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300055366, p. 551
- Who does CB8 Queens represent?, Queens Community Board 8. Accessed September 6, 2007.
- , Holliswood Hospital.
- "Holliswood Hospital To Let Go Nearly All Its Staff By Friday". NY1. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Sondel, Justin. "From Queens to the Queen City: A Q&A With Byron Brown", City & State, May 5, 2015. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown grew up in Hollis, Queens, before he left for Buffalo State College, where his political career—which saw him go from the Common Council to the state Senate to the mayor’s office—began."
- Severo, Richard. "Art Buchwald, 81, Columnist and Humorist Who Delighted in the Absurd", The New York Times, January 18, 2007. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Arthur remained at the home until he was five. He and his father and sisters were eventually reunited and lived in Hollis, Queens."
- Tarek, Shams (January 31, 2003). "Celebrating Black History Month: History Makers That Have Made A Mark On Southeast Queens". Southeast Queens Press. Retrieved July 5, 2015.
- Jacobs, Andrew (February 14, 1999) "Jazz Artist Jaki Byard Died of Bullet Wound". The New York Times.
- Guinier, Lani. "Identity and Demography", The New York Times, March 25, 2013. Accessed June 16, 2016. "When my family moved to Hollis, Queens in 1956, the neighborhood changed with our arrival."
- Kong, Vince. "downtrodden", Albuquerque Journal, April 27, 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Hardgroove, a native of Hollis, Queens, in New York City, relocated to Santa Fe in 2006 and has called New Mexico his home ever since."
- http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/hip-hop-icon-dj-hurricane-to-release-dont-sleep-on-october-10-73424047.html "Hip-Hop Icon DJ Hurricane to Release Don't Sleep on October 10; Former Beastie Boy DJ Dropping New Album on TVT Records"], PR Newswire, September 26, 2000. Accessed November 8, 2016. "Born in Hollis, a suburb of Queens, New York, Hurricane started rhyming at age 11 and took credit for founding Hollis' first rap group the Solo Sounds, which morphed into the short-lived group The Afros (of 'Kickin' Afrolistics' fame.)"
- Kozikowska, Natalia. "NBA Guard Royal Ivey Returns to Hollis", Queens Tribune, August 29, 2013. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Last weekend, NBA point guard Royal Ivey returned to his hometown in Hollis to re-launch his annual three-day summer workshop, the 'Defending Your Dream' skills clinic."
- Feeney, Michael J. "Saddle River home is base for Ja Rule's new MTV reality series", The Record (Bergen County), November 7, 2015. Accessed November 8, 2016. "Atkins and his wife met as teenagers growing up in Hollis, Queens, and have been together ever since. As his career took off, they moved to West Orange, and then married in 2001 and moved to Saddle River."
- Jacobson, Mark. "WorldStar, Baby!" New York Magazine. February 5, 2012. 2. Retrieved on November 2, 2012. Also available at General OneFile.
- Andrews, Suzanna. "Everything Al Sharpton Has Lived for Is at Stake This November", Vanity Fair (magazine), March 31, 2016. Accessed November 8, 2016. "When Sharpton was five, the family moved from Brooklyn to the leafy middle-class neighborhood of Hollis, Queens, where they owned a house with a yard, and Sharpton’s father bought two Cadillacs every year, one for himself and one for his wife."
- "Where Jazz Put Its Feet Up; Many Black Musicians Made Their Homes in Queens". The New York Times. 20 September 1998. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
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