Holm, Orkney

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Holm church and manse.

Holm (pronounced /hæm/ [1]) is a parish on Mainland, Orkney.[2]

An adjacent Sound, running between Mainland, and Burray, is named after Holm.[2] It has since been blocked up by the Churchill Barriers.[1] The parish flanks the north side of the Sound and extends to within 2½ miles of Kirkwall, and contains the village of St Mary's Holm, as well as the island of Lamb Holm. The Mainland section is six miles by two.[2]

The shores are mostly rocky, and the interior consists of light thin, loamy land.[2]

Church and manse[edit]

Holm church and manse are both of unusual design. The church has no spire or turret, and the manse is constructed so that all chimneys appear through the centre of a pyramidal roof.

World War II[edit]

Netherbutton Radar Station, which was part of the Chain Home system, was situated on both sides of the A961 road, although little now remains except four concrete mast bases.[3] Its construction was supervised by Leonard Chapman, who then held the rank of corporal.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1882) Published by W. & A.K. Johnstone
  3. ^ The location is grid reference HY462043. See "Raf Netherbutton, Chain Home Radar Station" scotlandsplaces.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  4. ^ Leonard George Chapman, Resume. Page 1 2
  5. ^ Jim MacDonald, Radar In Orkney. Unpublished.  v2.2

Coordinates: 58°54′50″N 2°53′0″W / 58.91389°N 2.88333°W / 58.91389; -2.88333