|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014)|
Rose Farm by Holme-on-Spalding-Moor
Holme-on-Spalding-Moor shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|Population||3,172 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||160 mi (260 km) S|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Haltemprice and Howden|
Holme-on-Spalding-Moor (also known as Holme-upon-Spalding-Moor) is a large village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 8 miles (13 km) north-east of Howden and 5 miles (8 km) south-west of Market Weighton. It lies on the A163 road where it joins the A614 road.
In terms of major cities, the village is closest to York which is just under 20 miles (32 km) away, while Hull is 23 miles (37 km) away. The civil parish is formed by the village of Holme-on-Spalding-Moor and the hamlets of Bursea, Hasholme, Tollingham and Welhambridge. According to the 2011 UK Census, Holme-on-Spalding-Moor parish had a population of 3,172, an increase on the 2001 UK Census figure of 2,948.
Holme-on-Spalding-Moor village is named for its location on the Spalding Moor. In very early censuses of England (before the 16th century) the village was sometimes listed as Holme, Spalding Moor, Yorkshire, though there is little evidence of any other towns scattered across the moor at that or any time. The word Holme is Danish of origin and means island.
Spalding Moor was a marsh, dominated by a single hill which consists of Keuper marl; on the hill a small church was built in the 13th century. The village was built on the holme around the church, hence the name. Spalding Moor now is lightly cultivated and has been largely tamed.
Through the 17th and 18th centuries, the main occupation for people in the village was growing and dressing hemp. This gave rise to it sometimes been referred to as "Hemp-Holme".
In 1823, Holme-on-Spalding-Moor was in the Wapentake of Harthill. Baines' History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York records the alternative village name of "Hemp Holme", taken from the parish' former cultivation of hemp. A bed of gypsum was recorded in which ammonites were found. The church stands in an elevated position, on which is also sited a beacon, which gave its name of Holme Beacon to this contemporary part of Harthill Wapentake. The parish church and rectory was in the patronage of St John's College, Cambridge. There were two chapels, one Roman Catholic, the other, Methodist. Local landowners allotted land (cow-gates), for the personal use of their labourers. Population at the time was 1318. Occupations included twenty-three farmers and yeomen, three blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, three shoemakers, four shopkeepers, two coal dealers, two corn millers, a tailor, a butcher, a joiner, a bricklayer, and an ornamental plasterer. There were the landlords of The New Inn, The Hare and Hounds, The Sun, and The Blacksmiths' public houses. A carrier operated between the village and Market Weighton on Wednesdays, and Howden on Saturdays. Within the parish lived a banker, a steward to Lady Stourton [Mary Langdale], Charles Langdale at the Hall, a gentleman and a gentlewoman, a surgeon, and the parish rector. Baines records a traditional belief that a cell for two monks was founded at Welham Bridge on the edge of Spalding Moor by vavasours or constables. One monk was charged with guiding people over wasteland, the other praying for the safety of travellers.
Holme Hall is a country house which was the seat of the Langdale barony. The hall was designated a Grade II* listed building in 1966 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. It is now a Sue Ryder Care Home.
The moor was the site of a Royal Air Force station, RAF Holme-on-Spalding Moor, which was active during the Second World War and for several years thereafter as a bomber facility, being officially closed in 1954 and transferred to the U.S. Air Force. The USAF moved out in 1957, and the field was sold to a private firm.
It continued in private hands until 1984, when its last tenant, British Aerospace, moved out. It was in a rather dilapidated condition by that time, and upon its closing several of the more notable buildings were destroyed and the runways removed. The hangars and several other buildings remain and are used by a variety of industrial and agricultural tenants, though all are in various states of disrepair.
There are a few local convenience stores, a post office, a bakery and butchers, two takeaway outlets, a school & sports wear store, a pharmacy and doctors surgery, four public houses and a mobile library with internet access.
There are several churches, the largest being All Saint's church which was mostly built in the 13th century. The church was designated a Grade I listed building in 1966 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. There is also a Roman Catholic church and a Zion Chapel in the village.
The village is served by bus services run by East Yorkshire Motor Services and York Pullman. The nearest railway stations are to the south of the village: Howden at 7.5 miles (12 km), and Eastrington at 5.5 miles (9 km).
The village's football team Holme Rovers was founded in 1922 by local residents and continues to exist. They play in the East Riding County League Premier division. The club won the top level of the York Football League during the 1962-63 season and the East Riding Senior Cup in 2007.
- Marmaduke Langdale — prominent royalist commander of the English Civil War. Langdale had fought alongside Prince Rupert and the Marquess of Newcastle at the Battle of Marston Moor, before the war he was the High Sheriff of Yorkshire and later a Catholic convert. Awarded the title Baron Langdale of Holme in 1658 as his family was based at Holme Hall.
- Alec Horsley started Northern Dairies here.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Holme upon Spalding Moor CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Holme upon Spalding Moor CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- Baines, Edward (1823): History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York, p. 218, 219
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Historic England. "Holme Hall (1083338)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1025868)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "Service 34". East Yorkshire Motor Services. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Local bus services". York Pullman. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Obituary: Alec Horsley". The Independent. 21 June 1993. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 7.
- Media related to Holme-on-Spalding-Moor at Wikimedia Commons
- Holme-on-Spalding-Moor in the Domesday Book
- Holme On Spalding Moor History
- RAF Holme On Spalding Moor Airfield