Holmes Beach, Florida

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Holmes Beach, Florida
Official seal of Holmes Beach, Florida
Location in Manatee County and the state of Florida
Location in Manatee County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 27°30′35″N 82°42′57″W / 27.50972°N 82.71583°W / 27.50972; -82.71583Coordinates: 27°30′35″N 82°42′57″W / 27.50972°N 82.71583°W / 27.50972; -82.71583[1]
CountryUnited States United States
StateFlorida Florida
CountyManatee
Settled1892
Incorporated (city)1950
Government
 • TypeStrong Mayor-Commission
 • MayorJudy Titsworth
Area
 • Total1.91 sq mi (4.95 km2)
 • Land1.68 sq mi (4.34 km2)
 • Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation
3 ft (0.9 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,836
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
4,305
 • Density2,568.62/sq mi (991.62/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
34217, 34218
Area code(s)941
FIPS code12-32150[4]
GNIS feature ID0284190[5]
Websiteholmesbeachfl.org

Holmes Beach is a city on Anna Maria Island in Manatee County, Florida, United States. It is part of the BradentonSarasotaVenice Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city occupies the central part of Anna Maria Island and is one of three municipalities on the island. The others are Bradenton Beach in the south and Anna Maria in the north.

History[edit]

Holmes Beach was named for John E. Holmes, Sr., the property developer who started this planned community after World War II.[6] During the World War II, Holmes would be stationed in Tampa. Holmes would get the interest of 3 others: Frank B. Giles of Georgia, Pedar Mickelsen of Minnesota and Francis Karel who was from Chicago to help develop it.[7] In 1947[8] or 1948 a small airport would be created. One person would have a plane at the airport and used it as an air taxi during the tourist season and was used by residents and visitors taking them to wherever they wanted to go.[7] Holmes Beach would be incorporated on March 13, 1950 during a meeting about incorporating with 46 voting in favor, 13 against and 1 in abstention. Opponents of incorporation argued that tax money from cigarettes and liquor sales would be lost along with county assistance for road maintenance. Those in favor of incorporation would argue that it would be easier for lenders to finance new construction on the island and give local residents an equal weight for their voice in their own government. Despite a request not to use anyone's name, Holmes Beach was decided on, although names such as Palm City, Mid-Island Beach, Coquina Beach and Tarpon Beach were considered as well. At the end of the meeting the city's first officials were elected.[9]

Manatee Public Beach located at the intersection of Manatee Avenue and Gulf Drive would open in 1952 originally as Manatee County Public Beach. It would be managed by a local Kiwanis Club chapter with all proceeds going to local charity related initiatives. During the 1950s & 1960s the beach was racially segregated like many others in the Southeastern United States.[10] It is not clear, however, when the beach was officially desegregated. The beach would be renamed Manatee Beach before being changed to Manatee Public Beach.[11]

In 1954, Holmes Beach annexed the neighboring subdivision communities of Ilexhurst, Jones, and Casanas, bringing the entirety of Anna Maria Island under municipal governments.[12]

An airport that had existed would close in 1973 because of the cost to maintain it and that it needing improvements. Between 1975 and 1980, the land it would be on was redeveloped by the municipal government.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.91 square miles (4.9 km2), of which 1.68 square miles (4.4 km2) is land, and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.

Key Royale[edit]

Included in the city limits is the adjacent bayside island of Key Royale, formerly known as School Key. It was uninhabited until 1960, when a bridge was built joining it to the Holmes Beach section of Anna Maria Island; development then began.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950137
19601,143734.3%
19702,699136.1%
19804,01848.9%
19904,81019.7%
20004,9663.2%
20103,836−22.8%
2019 (est.)4,305[3]12.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 4,966 people in 2,538 households, including 1,482 families, in the city.[4] The population density was 3,063.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,183.6/km2). There were 4,202 housing units at an average density of 2,592.2 per square mile (1,001.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.59% White, 0.12% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

Of the 2,538 households 13.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 34.0% of households were one person and 17.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.44.

The age distribution was 12.9% under the age of 18, 2.8% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 31.0% from 45 to 64, and 33.2% 65 or older. The median age was 54 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median household income was $45,074 and the median family income was $55,669. Males had a median income of $30,778 versus $25,825 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,345. About 1.2% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ Grimes, David (November 23, 1979). "The Legends Behind Manatee Names". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. pp. 3B. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  7. ^ a b Stinemetz, Morgan (June 7, 2004). "John E. Holmes' idea became Holmes Beach". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  8. ^ a b "A Fisherman's Paradise on Anna Maria Island" (Postcard). Manatee County Public Library System: Digital Collection. Harold R. Smith. 1950–1955. Retrieved August 21, 2021.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  9. ^ "Back to the future in Holmes Beach". Anna Maria Island News. April 18, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  10. ^ Blakemore, Erin. "How Civil Rights Wade-Ins Desegregated Southern Beaches - HISTORY". www.history.com. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  11. ^ "Manatee County Public Beach Postcard". Manatee County Public Library System: Digital Collection. 1958. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  12. ^ "24 Feb 1954, 1 - The Bradenton Herald at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  13. ^ City of Holmes Beach, Florida
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2019.

External links[edit]