Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009

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The Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009[1]
Long title An Act to confer power to return certain cultural objects on grounds relating to events occurring during the Nazi era.
Citation 2009 c 16
Introduced by Andrew Dismore[2]
Territorial extent England and Wales and Scotland[3]
Royal assent 12 November 2009
History of passage through Parliament
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended

The Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009 (c 16) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Its purpose is to confer, on certain national institutions, a power that was already possessed by other museums to return to their rightful owners cultural objects unlawfully acquired during the Nazi era.[4] It was introduced into Parliament as the Holocaust (Stolen Art) Restitution Bill.[5] The Bill was amended to give it a different name.

Sections 1 to 3[edit]

These sections came into force on 13 January 2010.[6]

Section 1 provides that the Act applies to:

Section 2 authorises those bodies to transfer objects from their collections if the Advisory Panel has recommended that transfer and the Secretary of State has approved that recommendation. (The bodies in question were previously prohibited by statute from doing this).[7]

Section 3 defines the expression "Advisory Panel". The explanatory notes to the Act said that the Government intended to designate the Spoliation Advisory Panel as the Advisory Panel for the purpose of this Act.[8] That body, created in 2000 as a non-departmental public body under the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, retained its designation under the 2009 Act after it was reconstituted in April 2010 as an expert group (under the same name).

Section 4 - Short title, extent, commencement and sunset[edit]

This section came into force on 12 November 2009.[9]

Section 4(1) authorises the citation of this Act by a short title.

Section 4(3) confers a power on the Secretary of State to appoint the day on which sections 1 to 3 of the Act come into force. This power was fully exercised by the Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009 (Commencement) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/50 (C.8)).

Section 4(7) is a sunset clause. It provides that the Act will expire at the end of the period of ten years which began on the day it was passed.


  1. ^ The citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by section 4(1) of this Act.
  2. ^ http://services.parliament.uk/bills/2008-09/holocaustreturnofculturalobjectsformerlyknownasholocauststolenartrestitution.html
  3. ^ The Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009, section 4(2)
  4. ^ Explanatory notes, paragraph 6
  5. ^ http://services.parliament.uk/bills/2008-09/holocaustreturnofculturalobjectsformerlyknownasholocauststolenartrestitution.html
  6. ^ The Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009 (Commencement) Order 2010 (S.I. 2010/50 (C.8)), article 2 (as read with section 4(3) of this Act).
  7. ^ Explanatory notes, paragraph 4
  8. ^ Explanatory notes, paragraph 14
  9. ^ The Interpretation Act 1978, section 4(b)

External links[edit]