Holocaust Memorial Days
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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day refers to various countries' designated annual day of commemoration honoring the victims, survivors and rescuers of the Holocaust during the Nazi German regime.
|United Nations||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session |
|Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries)||27 Nisan (April/May)||Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (the Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day)||Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.|
|European Union||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||Since 1950 |
|Austria||May 5||"Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus" (Memorial Day against Violence and Racism in Memory on the Victims of National Socialism)||The day that the concentration camp Mauthausen was liberated in 1945. German: Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus|
|Bulgaria||March 10||Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity"||The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population, officially designated in 2003.|
|Czech Republic||27 January||Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity||Czech: Den památky obětí holocaustu a předcházení zločinu proti lidskosti|
|France||16 July||Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup||French: Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver. Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris on this date in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz.|
|Germany||27 January||Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism||German: Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus|
|Greece||27 January||National Holocaust Memorial Day||Greek: Εθνική Ημέρα Μνήμης Ολοκαυτώματος (Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaftomatos), since 2004.|
|Italy||27 January||Memorial Day||Italian: Giorno della Memoria|
|Netherlands||4 May||Dodenherdenking (Remembrance of the Dead)||There is a separate Auschwitzherdenking (liberation of Auschwitz memorial) every last Sunday of January|
|Poland||19 April||Holocaust Remembrance Day||Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising |
|Romania||9 October||National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust||Romanian: Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului|
|Serbia||22 April||Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)|
|Sweden||27 January||'Förintelsens minnesdag' (Holocaust Remembrance Day)||Has been commemorated as a national remembrance day every year since 1999.|
|United Kingdom||27 January||Holocaust Memorial Day|
|United States||8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah||Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH)||Established by Congress as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies.|
|Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia, Canada||27 Nisan (April/May)||The Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.||Note. Other provinces of Canada have made the same enactment so the Canadian entry needs a full updating|
As of 2004, twelve countries observed January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.
As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe had chosen dates related to local histories.
- Holocaust remembrance at www.UN.org.
- "Remembrance Day Calendar". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Government: sessions at www.ukom.gov.si
- Bulgaria marks its Holocaust Remembrance day, The Sofia Echo, March 10, 2011 (retrieved October 10, 2013)
- Anazitisi: Nomothetiko at www.HellenicParliament.gr
- ODIHR. "Obchody Dnia Pamieci o Holokauscie" (PDF file, direct download 5.14 MB). Yad Vashem. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Documents: Acts at www.qp.Alberta.ca
- "Holocaust Memorial Day Act". nslegislature.ca. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Laws: Statutes at web2.Gov. MB.ca