Holocaust Memorial Days

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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day refers to various countries' designated annual day of commemoration honoring the victims, survivors and rescuers of the Holocaust during the Nazi regime

Name Notes
United Nations 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session [1]
Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries) 27 Nisan (April/May) Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (the Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day) Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

The date relates both to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which began 13 days earlier, and to the Israeli Independence Day which is eight days later.[2]

European Union 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day Since 1950 [3][failed verification]
Austria May 5 "Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus" (Memorial Day against Violence and Racism in Memory on the Victims of National Socialism) The day that the concentration camp Mauthausen was liberated in 1945. German: Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus
Bulgaria March 10 Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity" The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population, officially designated in 2003.[4]
Czech Republic 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity Czech: Den památky obětí holocaustu a předcházení zločinu proti lidskosti
France 16 July Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup French: Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver. Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris on this date in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz.
Germany 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism German: Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus
Greece 27 January National Holocaust Memorial Day Greek: Εθνική Ημέρα Μνήμης Ολοκαυτώματος (Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaftomatos), since 2004.[5]
Italy 27 January Memorial Day Italian: Giorno della Memoria
Lithuania 23 September Lietuvos žydų genocido diena (Day of the Genocide of Lithuania's Jews) Anniversary of the liquidation of the Vilnius ghetto in 1943.
Netherlands 4 May Dodenherdenking (Remembrance of the Dead) There is a separate Auschwitzherdenking (liberation of Auschwitz memorial) every last Sunday of January
Poland 19 April Holocaust Remembrance Day Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising [6]
Romania 9 October National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust Romanian: Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului
Serbia 22 April Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
Slovakia 9 September Holocaust Victims and Racial Hatred Day On 9 September 1941, Slovakia passed anti-Jewish laws based on the Nuremberg laws [7]
Sweden 27 January 'Förintelsens minnesdag' (Holocaust Remembrance Day) Has been commemorated as a national remembrance day every year since 1999.
Serbia 22 April Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
Taiwan (Republic of China) 27 January
25 February
(Dà túshā zhènwáng jiàngshì jìniàn rì)
In addition to the European events, the ROC/Taiwan also honors the victims of the February 28 incident.[8]
United States 8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH) Established by Congress in 1979 as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies.
Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia, Canada 27 Nisan (April/May) The Canadian provinces of Alberta,[9] Manitoba and Nova Scotia[10] enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.[11] Note. Other provinces of Canada have made the same enactment so the Canadian entry needs a full updating[citation needed]

As of 2004, twelve countries observed January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.

As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe had chosen dates related to local histories.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Holocaust remembrance at www.UN.org.
  2. ^ "Remembrance Day Calendar". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  3. ^ Government: sessions Archived 2008-05-06 at the Wayback Machine at www.ukom.gov.si
  4. ^ Bulgaria marks its Holocaust Remembrance day, The Sofia Echo, March 10, 2011 (retrieved October 10, 2013)
  5. ^ Anazitisi: Nomothetiko at www.HellenicParliament.gr
  6. ^ ODIHR. "Obchody Dnia Pamieci o Holokauscie" (PDF file, direct download 5.14 MB). Yad Vashem. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  7. ^ "Slovakia commemorated Holocaust Victims and Racial Hatred Day". spectator.sme.sk. 11 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  8. ^ https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3371380
  9. ^ Documents: Acts at www.qp.Alberta.ca
  10. ^ "Holocaust Memorial Day Act". nslegislature.ca. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  11. ^ Laws: Statutes at web2.Gov. MB.ca