Holocaust Memorial Days

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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day is an annual day designated by various countries to commemorate the millions of victims of Nazi Germany’s genocidal policies, especially the Holocaust, as well as to honour survivors and their rescuers. The day on which the commemoration takes place may vary between countries, as may the name for the commemoration. The days are generally not declared public holidays.

The commemorations concentrate on contemporary efforts to battle hatred and antisemitism.

Country Day Name Notes
United Nations 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day Designated by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 [1]
European Union 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day Since 1950[2][failed verification]
Azerbaijan 27 January Day of the Tragedy and Heroism of the Jews
Australia 27 January[3] International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Austria 5 May Memorial Day against Violence and Racism in Memory on the Victims of National Socialism
German: Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus
The day that the concentration camp Mauthausen was liberated in 1945.
Belgium 27 January International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
French: Journée internationale de la commémoration en mémoire des victims de la Shoah
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27 January International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
Bulgaria 10 March Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity" The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population, officially designated in 2003.[4]
Canada - Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia 27 Nisan (April/May) The Canadian provinces of Alberta,[5] Manitoba and Nova Scotia[6] enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.[7] Note. Other provinces of Canada have made the same enactment so the Canadian entry needs a full updating[citation needed]
Croatia 27 January Day of Remembrance of the Holocaust and for the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity
Czech Republic 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity
Czech: Den památky obětí holocaustu a předcházení zločinu proti lidskosti
Denmark 27 January Auschwitz Day of Holocaust and Genocide Remembrance
Estonia 27 January Holocaust Remembrance Day
Finland 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust (Vainojen uhrien muistopäivä)
France 16 July Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup
French: Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver.
Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz
Germany 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism German: Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus
Greece 27 January National Holocaust Memorial Day
Greek: Εθνική Ημέρα Μνήμης Ολοκαυτώματος (Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaftomatos)
Since 2004.[8]
Hungary 16 April Holocaust Memorial Day
Ireland Sunday closest to 27 January National Holocaust Memorial Day
Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries) 27 Nisan (April/May) Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day) Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

The date relates both to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which began 13 days earlier, and to the Israeli Independence Day which is eight days later.[9]

Italy 27 January Memorial Day Italian: Giorno della Memoria
Latvia 4 July Commemoration Day of Genocide against the Jews
Lithuania 23 September Day of the Genocide of Lithuania's Jews
Lietuvos žydų genocido diena
Anniversary of the liquidation of the Vilnius ghetto in 1943.
Luxembourg 27 January Holocaust Memorial Day
Netherlands 4 May Remembrance of the Dead
Dodenherdenking
There is a separate Auschwitzherdenking (liberation of Auschwitz memorial) every last Sunday of January
North Macedonia 27 January
Norway 27 January Holocaust Memorial Day
Poland 27 January International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising [10]
Portugal 27 January Holocaust Remembrance Day
Romania 9 October National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust
Romanian: Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului
Serbia 22 April Holocaust Remembrance Day
Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta
Slovakia 9 September Holocaust Victims and Racial Hatred Day On 9 September 1941, Slovakia passed anti-Jewish laws based on the Nuremberg laws [11]
Slovenia 27 January National Holocaust Remembrance Day
Spain 27 January Day for Holocaust Remembrance and for the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity
Romanian: Día Oficial de la Memoria del Holocausto y la Prevención de los Crímenes contra la Humanidad
Sweden 27 January Holocaust Remembrance Day
Förintelsens minnesdag
A national remembrance day every year since 1999.
Serbia 22 April Holocaust Remembrance Day
Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta
Switzerland 27 January International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
Taiwan (Republic of China) 27 January
25 February
大屠殺陣亡將士紀念日
(Dà túshā zhènwáng jiàngshì jìniàn rì)
In addition to the European events, the ROC/Taiwan also honors the victims of the February 28 incident.[12]
Ukraine 27 January Holocaust Memorial Day
United States 8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH) Established by Congress in 1979 as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies.

As of 2004, twelve countries observed January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against antisemitism.

As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe had chosen dates related to local histories.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holocaust remembrance at www.UN.org.
  2. ^ Government: sessions Archived 2008-05-06 at the Wayback Machine at www.ukom.gov.si
  3. ^ Australia marks International Holocaust Remembrance Day
  4. ^ Bulgaria marks its Holocaust Remembrance day, The Sofia Echo, March 10, 2011 (retrieved October 10, 2013)
  5. ^ Documents: Acts at www.qp.Alberta.ca
  6. ^ "Holocaust Memorial Day Act". nslegislature.ca. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  7. ^ Laws: Statutes at web2.Gov. MB.ca
  8. ^ Anazitisi: Nomothetiko at www.HellenicParliament.gr
  9. ^ "Remembrance Day Calendar". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  10. ^ ODIHR. "Obchody Dnia Pamieci o Holokauscie" (PDF file, direct download 5.14 MB). Yad Vashem. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Slovakia commemorated Holocaust Victims and Racial Hatred Day". spectator.sme.sk. 11 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3371380

Further reading[edit]