|Full name||Kieler Sportvereinigung
Holstein von 1900 e.V.
|Nickname(s)||Die Störche (The Storks)|
|Founded||7 October 1900|
Holstein Kiel (KSV Holstein or Kieler SV Holstein) is a German association football and sports club based in the city of Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein. Through the 1910s and 1920s the club was a dominant side in northern Germany winning six regional titles and finishing as runners-up another six times. Holstein also made regular appearances in the national playoffs, finishing as vice-champions in 1910 before capturing their only German title in 1912. They remained a first division side until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963.
Foundation to WWII
Holstein Kiel is the product of the merger of predecessor sides Kieler Fußball-Verein von 1900 and Kieler Fußball-Club Holstein. The earliest of these two sides was Kieler Fussball-Verein (later 1. KFV) established on 7 October 1900 out of the membership of the gymnastics club Kieler Männerturnvereins von 1844. The club was not very successful and never loom large in football generally. Later the club concentrate on track and field athletics.
Kieler Fußball-Club Holstein was formed on 4 May 1902 and was renamed Fußball-Verein Holstein von 1902 (FV Holstein Kiel) sometime in 1908. The club quickly became competitive and in 1910 they reached the German championship final where they lost 0–1 in extra time to Karlsruher FV. In 1912 they captured the German championship with a 2:1 overtime semi-final victory over defending champions Viktoria 89 Berlin followed by a 1–0 win in the final over the previous year's champions, Karlsruher FV. In 1914, the club renamed again after the new branches hockey and athletics are added, becoming Sportverein Holstein von 1902.
On 7 June 1917, 1. Kieler Fussball Verein von 1900 and Sportverein Holstein von 1902, severely weakened by World War I, merged to form the current day club. As is common practise in Germany, the new association adopted the foundation date of the older club, while taking up the ground, kit, colours, logo, and the name Holstein from SV Holstein Kiel. Through the 1920s, the team made regular appearances in the national playoffs and reached 1926 the semi-finals where they were eliminate 1–3 by SpVgg Greuther Fürth. In 1930, they played their way to the final, losing 4–5 to Hertha BSC. The following year they reached the semi-finals where they were eliminate 0–2 by TSV 1860 München.
Under the Third Reich, German football was re-organized into sixteen top flight divisions. Kiel played in the Gauliga Nordmark and consistently delivered solid top-five finishes, but were frustrated in their pursuit of a division title. In 1942, the Gauliga Nordmark was broken up into the Gauliga Hamburg and Gauliga Schleswig-Holstein. No longer in the company of Hamburger SV and other strong teams from the city, Kiel immediately captured the title of the new division and defended it over the next two seasons until the end of World War II brought play to a halt across the country.
Those titles earned Kiel entry into the national playoff rounds. They made their best run in 1943 when they advanced as far as the semi-finals before being put out by eventual champions Dresdner SC. The team captured third place by defeating FC Vienna Wien. They next year, they were eliminated early on, and no final was played in 1945.
Postwar to present
Since the end of the war, Kiel has primarily been a tier II and III club. After the conflict football in the western half of the country was re-organized into five regional top flight divisions. Holstein Kiel played from 1947 until 1963 in the Oberliga Nord (I) and twice finished as runners-up (1953, 1957). In 1961 the reserve team captured the German amateur championship. After the 1963 formation of a single national first division known as the Bundesliga, the club became a second division side and played in the Regionalliga Nord (II). Kiel failed in its attempt to advance to the Bundesliga after its 1965 Regionalliga Nord championship. German football was restructured in 1974 with the formation of a new second division known as the 2. Bundesliga and the team slipped to third division play in the Amateuroberliga Nord (III). Holstein Kiel won promotion to second tier competition in 1978 as part of the 2. Bundesliga Nord and was in relegated 1981.
With the reunification of Germany in 1990 teams from the former East Germany became part of combined national competition. German football was re-organized again in 1994 and Holstein Kiel qualified for the new tier three division Regionalliga Nord (III). In 1996 the club was relegated for the first time to the Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein (IV) and returned to Regionalliga Nord (III) in 1998. They were relegated again to the Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein (IV) after missing failing to qualify for the restructured Regionalliga (III) which went from four divisions to two. The did advance the next year and narrowly missed promotion to the 2. Bundesliga in the 2005–06 season. By 2007 they had slipped to the Oberliga Nord (IV), but earned two consecutive promotions to reach the new 3. Fußball-Liga (III) in 2009. After one year in the third division the club were relegates again in the Regionalliga Nord (IV). The team reach the quarter-finals of the 2011–12 DFB-Pokal, after beating FC Energie Cottbus, MSV Duisburg and 1. FSV Mainz 05. In the quarter-final they lost to Borussia Dortmund 0–4 that ended their cup adventure.
The club's honours:
- German football championship (I)
- Champions: 1912
- Northern German football championship (I)
- Champions: 1910, 1911, 1912, 1926, 1927, 1930
- Gauliga Schleswig-Holstein (I)
- Champions: 1943, 1944
- Regionalliga Nord (II)
- Champions: 1965
- Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein (IV)
- Champions: 1998, 2001
- Oberliga Nord (IV)
- Champions: 2008
- Regionalliga Nord (IV)
- Champions: 2009, 2013
- Schleswig-Holstein Cup
- Winners: 1978, 1983, 1991, 1994, 1996, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2014
- German amateur championship
- Champions: 1961
- Champions: 1961, 1994, 2002, 2008, 2009, 2010
- Schleswig-Holstein Cup
- Winners: 1961, 1962, 1966
Holstein Kiel II
- With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier.
|↑ Promoted||↓ Relegated|
- 1947–63 Oberliga Nord (I)
- 1963–74 Regionalliga Nord (II)
- 1974–78 Amateuroberliga Nord/Oberliga Nord (III)
- 1978–81 2. Bundesliga Nord (II)
- 1981–94 Amateuroberliga Nord/Oberliga Nord (III)
- 1994–96 Regionalliga Nord (III)
- 1996–98 Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein (IV)
- 1998–00 Regionalliga Nord (III)
- 2000–01 Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein (IV)
- 2001–07 Regionalliga Nord (III)
- 2007–08 Oberliga Nord (IV)
- 2008–09 Regionalliga Nord (IV)
- 2009–10 3. Liga (III)
- 2010-13 Regionalliga Nord (IV)
- 2013– 3. Liga (III)
As of 8 July 2015[update]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Notable famous or former players
- Ernst Möller, capped nine times for Germany (1911–13) and scored the lone goal in 1912's championship match.
- Sophus Nielsen
- Adolf Werner
- Ottmar Walter
- Henry Peper record goalkeeper after WW2 with 271 appearances (1950–62)
- Franz-Josef Hönig
- Gerd Saborowski
- Hans Peter Ehlers record for the most matches after WW2 with 368 appearances (1953–66)
- Gerd Koll record goalscorer after WW2 with 141 goals (1959–68)
- Andreas Köpke
- Oliver Held
- André Trulsen
- Francisco Copado
- Jens Dowe
- André Breitenreiter
- Torben Hoffmann
- Sidney Sam
- Fin Bartels
Since July 2004 the club has a women's football section as Wittenseer SV-TUS Felde dissolved their club to join Holstein Kiel. The team play since 2005/06 in the 2. Bundesliga. 2011 the team were relegated to the third division.
|2004–05||Fußball-Regionalliga Nord (III)||1st (promoted)|
|2005–06||2. Bundesliga (II)||6th|
|2006–07||2. Bundesliga (II)||7th|
|2007–08||2. Bundesliga (II)||6th|
|2008–09||2. Bundesliga (II)||7th|
|2009–10||2. Bundesliga (II)||10th|
|2010–11||2. Bundesliga (II)||12th (relegated)|
- Grüne, Hardy (2001)Vereinslexikon. Kassel: AGON Sportverlag ISBN 3-89784-147-9
- Grüne, Hardy (1996). Vom Kronprinzen bis zur Bundesliga. Kassel: AGON Sportverlag ISBN 3-928562-85-1
- "Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv" (in German). f-archiv.de. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Ergebnisse" (in German). Fussball.de. Retrieved 14 March 2015.