Holy Cross Abbey
Mainistir na Croise Naofa
Holy Cross Abbey on the River Suir
|Diocese||Cashel and Emly|
|Founder(s)||Domnall Mór Ua Briain|
|Heritage designation||National Monument|
|Location||Holycross, County Tipperary, Ireland|
The Holy Cross Abbey (Mainistir na Croise Naofa) is a Cistercian monastery in Holycross near Thurles, County Tipperary, Ireland, situated on the River Suir. It takes its name from a relic of the True Cross or Holy Rood.
A supposed fragment of the True Cross was brought to Ireland by the Plantagenet Queen Isabella of Angoulême, around 1233. She was the widow of King John and bestowed the relic on the original Cistercian Monastery in Thurles founded in 1169 by King Donald O'Brien of Thomond, which she then rebuilt.
With time, Holy Cross Abbey and the sacred relic of the True Cross became a place of medieval pilgrimage, and with the Protestant Reformation, also a rallying-point for the dispossessed and victims of religious persecution. As a symbol and inspiration for the defence of the Catholic faith, resistance and the struggle for freedom, it drew a complaint by Sir Henry Sidney, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to Queen Elizabeth I in 1567.
The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland recount that in 1601, Prince Hugh Roe O'Donnell, on his way to the Battle of Kinsale, true to his family arms and Constantinian motto (In Hoc Signo Vinces) and in anticipation of the battle to come at Kinsale, visited and venerated a relic of the True Cross on the Feast of St. Andrew, on November 30, 1601, at Holy Cross Abbey. At that period it was a rallying point for the defence of religious freedom and for Irish sovereignty. From there he sent an expedition to Ardfert, to win a quick victory and successfully recover the territory of his ally, Fitzmaurice, Lord of Kerry, who had lost it and his 9-year-old son to Sir Charles Wilmot. It was the last victory before the defeat at Kinsale
The Holy Rood relic was last exposed for public veneration in 1632, and following the Cromwellian war, Holy Cross Abbey fell into ruins. Local people used the roofless ruins as a burial place after 1740. It became a scheduled national monument in 1880, "to be preserved and not used as a place of worship".
Special legislation in the Dáil on its 500th anniversary, 21 January 1969, enabled Holy Cross Abbey to be restored as a place of Catholic worship, exceptionally for a national monument. The Sacristan of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican provided an authenticated relic of the Holy Cross, and the emblem of the Jerusalem Cross, or Crusader Cross, has been restored for the Abbey.
Two crosses were stolen, including the cross containing the relics of the true cross, in a raid on the Abbey on 11 October 2011. A portable angle grinder, hammer and screwdriver were used by the masked raiders to remove the relics. In January 2012, the relics of the true cross were reported to have been retrieved.
- Holy Cross Abbey from The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII. Published 1910. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat, June 1, 1910. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor
- The Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell (Beatha Aodh Ruadh O Domhnaill) by Lughaidh O'Cleirigh (original Gaelic manuscript in the Royal Irish Academy in Dublin), translated with notes by Rev. Denis Murphy, S.J., M.R.I.A., and published by Sealy, Bryers, & Walker, Dublin, 1893 (pages 304-307)
- Holy Cross Abbey, by Thomas Morris, Irish Heritage Series, no. 55, published by Eason & Son Ltd, Dublin 1986. ISBN 0-900346-75-2
- "Artefacts stolen from Holycross". The Irish Times. Irish Times Trust. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- "Stolen 'True Cross' relic recovered". RTÉ News. RTÉ. 17 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012.