Holy See–Philippines relations
Holy See–Philippines relations refers to the relations between the Holy See and the Philippines. As one of two Catholic-majority countries in Asia (the other being Timor-Leste), the Philippines enjoys significant relations with the Holy See. The Holy See has a nunciature in Manila, and the Philippines has an embassy in the Holy See (Vatican City).
Catholicism first arrived in the Philippines in the 16th century, with missionaries accompanying conquistadors as they annexed the islands to the Spanish Empire. By the time the Philippines regained sovereignty from the United States following the Second World War with the establishment of the Third Republic, Catholicism had already left a lasting impression on Philippine culture and society with at least seventy percent of Filipinos professing the faith.
During the rule of Philippine President Elpidio Quirino, the Apostolic Delegation of the Philippines was upgraded to a Nunciature, with Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi becoming the first Apostolic Nuncio on 9 April 1951. The first Philippine Ambassador to the Holy See, Dr Manuel Moran, presented his credentials to Pope Pius XII on 4 June 1951.
Three popes thus far have made pastoral visits to the Philippines. Pope Paul VI visited the Philippines in 1970 and made a speech in front of students at the University of Santo Tomas (UST) in Manila. In 1981, Pope John Paul II also gave a speech at UST, and beatified the 17th century Manila native Lorenzo Ruiz a saint at Luneta Park, the first beatification made outside the Vatican. The pontiff later returned the Philippines in 1995 for the X World Youth Day. In 2015, Pope Francis gave a speech at UST and visited Tacloban, the city that was devastated by Typhoon Haiyan.
The Philippines has hosted the 1937 International Eucharistic Congress in Manila and will do so again from 25 to 31 January 2016, which was moved from the original May date per request of the Vatican. Archbishop of Cebu José S. Palma of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines suggested that the Vatican to make Pope Francis' visit a priority so they comply with the Vatican's request. Pope Francis' schedule for May 2016 is full so he is unlikely to visit the Philippines if the original schedule for the Congress had pushed through.
From January 15–19, 2015, Pope Francis made a papal visit to the Philippines.
|“||the bond of communion which stretched back over four centuries to the first offering of the Eucharistic sacrifice upon our shores.||”|
- "Apostolic Nunciature of Holy See (Vatican City) in Manila, Philippines". EmbassyPages.com. 8 Sep 2010. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
Head of Mission: Antonio Franco, Apostolic Nuncio.
- "Embassy of Philippines in Vatican, Holy See (Vatican City)". EmbassyPages.com. 8 Sep 2010. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
Head of Mission: Ms Leonida L. Vera, Ambassador
- ""Te Deum' for 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations with the Philippines". Vatican.va. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- "Pinoys mark 60 years of PHL-Vatican relations". GMA News. April 14, 2011.
- "UST graced with 3 papal visits, Pope’s video message - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
- Bacani, Louis (2013-05-23). "CBCP: Pope Francis may visit Philippines in 2016 | Headlines, News, The Philippine Star". philstar.com. Retrieved 2013-09-01.