The Holy Translators (Armenian: Surb Targmanichk) is a group of literary figures, and saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church, who founded the Armenian alphabet, translated the Bible, and started a movement of writing and translating important works into Armenian language.
The Holy Translators are:
The translation of the Bible was finished by the Holy Translators in 425. The first words written in Armenian were the opening line of the Book of Proverbs:
|“||Ճանաչել զիմաստութիւն եւ զխրատ, իմանալ զբանս հանճարոյ:
Čanačʿel zimastutʿiwn ew zxrat, imanal zbans hančaroy.
«To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding.»
|— Proverbs 1:2.|
The first Armenian translation of the Bible is among the world's oldest, has survived and is still used in the liturgy of the Armenian Church.
The Armenian Church remembers Holy Translators on the Feast of the Holy Translators in October. Churches of Holy Translators are established in Armenia and different diaspora communities (USA, Iran etc.).
According to Dennis Papazian, "the Holy Translators are highly revered in the Armenian church. Many of the works translated have since been lost in their Greek or Syriac original, but have been preserved in the Armenian."
- The Armenian Church. Holy Translators
- The heritage of Armenian literature, by Agop Jack Hacikyan, Gabriel Basmajian, Edward S. Franchuk and Nourhan Ouzounian, Wayne State University Press, 2005, p. 96
- The Armenian Church of Holy Translators
- Armenian Churches in Asia
- Armenians, by Prof. Dennis R. Papazian