Holy Trinity Church, St Andrews

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The tower of Holy Trinity Church

Holy Trinity Church is a Church of Scotland parish church in St Andrews, Fife. It is a Category A listed building.[1]


Holy Trinity Church (also known as the Holy Trinity Parish Church or "town kirk") is the most historic church in St Andrews.[2] The church was initially built on land close to the south-east gable of the cathedral, around 1144 by Bishop Robert Kennedy.[2] The church was dedicated in 1234 by Bishop David de Bernham and then moved to a new site on the north side of South Street between 1410–1412 by Bishop Wardlaw.[3][2] Towards the end of June 1547, this was the location where John Knox first preached in public and to which he returned to give an inflammatory sermon on 4 June 1559 which led to the stripping of both the cathedral and ecclesiastical status.[4][5] Much of the architecture feature of the church was lost in the re-building by Robert Balfour between 1798–1800.[6] The church was later restored to a (more elaborately decorated) approximation of its medieval appearance between 1907–1909 by MacGregor Chalmers.[3][7] Only the north-western tower and spire with parts of the arcade arches were retained.[6]


  1. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Holy Trinity Church (Town Kirk), South Street (Category A Listed Building) (LB40633)". Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Lamont-Brown St Andrews – City by The Northern Sea p.171.
  3. ^ a b Pride Kingdom of Fife pp.124–126.
  4. ^ Lamont-Brown St Andrews – City by The Northern Sea p.173.
  5. ^ Lamont-Brown Fife in History and Legend p.81.
  6. ^ a b Fife Regional Council Medieval Abbeys and Historic Churches in Fife p.46.
  7. ^ Cook Old St Andrews p.14.


  • Lamont-Brown, Raymond (2002). Fife in History and Legend. Edinburgh: John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-567-9.
  • Lamont-Brown, Raymond (2006). St Andrews – city by the northern sea. Edinburgh: Birlinn Publishing. ISBN 1-84158-450-9.
  • Omand, Donald (2000). The Fife Book.
  • Pride, Glen L. (1999). The Kingdom of Fife (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Rutland Press. ISBN 1-873190-49-2.

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Coordinates: 56°20′23″N 2°47′44″W / 56.33969°N 2.79555°W / 56.33969; -2.79555