Holy Trinity Gough Square

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Coordinates: 51°30′55″N 0°06′31″W / 51.51528°N 0.10861°W / 51.51528; -0.10861

Holy Trinity
Trinity Church Gough Square.jpg
General information
Architectural styleRomanesque Revival architecture
Town or cityCity of London
Construction started1838
ClientAnglican Church
Technical details
Structural systemHexagonal
Design and construction
ArchitectJohn Shaw
EngineerThomas Robinson

Holy Trinity Gough Square [1] was a Victorian church in the City of London.


Trinity Church was built in the parish of St Bride's in the City of London, on the initiative of the vicar, the Reverend Thomas Dale, who felt that the parish church was inadequate for the size of the population. He first proposed a schoolroom that would double as an occasional chapel, but soon found that it would be practical to build a church, funded by subscriptions, and grants from the Church Commissioners and the Metropolitan fund for the erection of churches. The first stone was laid on 3 October 1837, and the building was consecrated on 21 June the next year. The architect was John Shaw (Junior).[2]

The church was built on a small, triangular site, at the junction of Great New Street and Pemberton Row, given by the Goldsmiths Company.[2]

The main body of the church was hexagonal, with a large octagonal recess on the eastern side serving as a chancel. Two galleries supported on small iron columns ran around the church, with an organ in the upper gallery on the west side, over the main entrance. The exterior was faced in yellow brick, with round-headed windows. There was Norman-style tower topped by pinnacles.[2]

The church seated 1100, half in free seats, the others rented at between 3 and 6 shillings a year.[2] The social reformer Charles Booth noted it served the area’s poorer citizens.[3]

As the century wore on legislation was passed to reduce the number of City churches and after a comparatively short existence[4] the then Bishop of London authorised the reunification of the two parishes,[5] the proceeds from the sale going towards the building of St Mellitus, Hanwell.[6]


  1. ^ The nearest modern technology can pinpoint the exact spot is Postcode EC4A 3BA and British national grid reference system TQ313812.
  2. ^ a b c d Godwin, George; John Britton (1839). The Churches of London: A History and Description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis. London: C. Tilt. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  3. ^ B246 Notebook: Church of England District 1 (The City)Published in 3rd series - Religious Influences. Vol 3. Part 1. Ch.1. Ch.2 Collection- housed at the British Library of Political and Economic Science
  4. ^ Notes on Old City Churches Pearce,C.W.: London, Winthrop Rogers Ltd., 1909
  5. ^ "Ecclesiastical Commission. - Scheme of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for effecting an Union of the benefices of Holy Trinity, Gough Square and St Bride, Fleet Street. - London" : London(H.M.S.O.), 1906.
  6. ^ "Victoria County History: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3" Reynolds,S (Ed): Woodbridge, Boydell & Brewer Ltd1962 ISBN 978-0-7129-1034-7

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