Holy trinity (cuisine)

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Cajun holy trinity

The holy trinity in Cajun cuisine and Louisiana Creole cuisine is the base for several dishes in the regional cuisines of Louisiana and consists of onions, bell peppers and celery. The preparation of Cajun/Creole dishes such as crawfish étouffée, gumbo, and jambalaya all start from this base.

Variants use garlic, parsley, or shallots in addition to the three trinity ingredients.[1] The addition of garlic to the holy trinity is sometimes referred to as adding "the pope."

The holy trinity is the Cajun and Louisiana Creole variant of mirepoix; traditional mirepoix is two parts onions, one part carrots, and one part celery, whereas the holy trinity is typically equal measures of the three ingredients or one parts onions, one part celery, and one part green bell pepper.[2] It is also an evolution of the Spanish sofrito, which contains onion, garlic, bell peppers, and tomatoes.[3]

Origin of the name[edit]

The name is an allusion to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity: Louisiana (especially the region of Acadiana) is a strongly Roman Catholic region.

The term is first attested in 1981[4] and was probably popularized by Paul Prudhomme.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patricia Perrine, "Louisiana French Foodways: The Perpetuation of Ethnicity in the Lafourche Area", North American Culture 2:7 (1985) Google Books
  2. ^ "Kitchen Basics: Mirepoix vs. Holy Trinity". Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  3. ^ Food52 (March 1, 2014). "The History is Gumbo". Yahoo! Lifestyle. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  4. ^ Craig Claiborne, "Claiborne Shares 'Catfish Memories'", Florence Times, November 26, 1981, p. 20 Google News
  5. ^ Craig Claiborne, A feast made for laughter, 1982, p. 30 Google Books