Holyhead Mountain

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Holyhead Mountain
Holyheadmountain.jpg
Holyhead Mountain from the town's New Park
Highest point
Elevation 220 m (720 ft)
Prominence 220 m (720 ft)
Parent peak none - HP Holy Island
Listing Marilyn, council top
Coordinates 53°18′47″N 4°40′35″W / 53.31297°N 4.6763°W / 53.31297; -4.6763Coordinates: 53°18′47″N 4°40′35″W / 53.31297°N 4.6763°W / 53.31297; -4.6763
Geography
Holyhead Mountain is located in Anglesey
Holyhead Mountain
Holyhead Mountain
OS grid SH218829
Topo map OS Landranger 114

Holyhead Mountain (Mynydd Tŵr in Welsh: from (pen)twr, meaning "tower") is the highest hill on Holy Island, Anglesey, and the highest in the county of Anglesey, north Wales. It lies about two miles west of the town of Holyhead, and slopes steeply down to the Irish Sea on two sides. Ireland can be seen from here on a clear day and the hill is an important site for seabirds.

The hill[edit]

Holyhead Mountain is located on Holy Island, Anglesey, jutting out into the Irish Sea. At 722 feet (220 m), it is the highest mountain in the county of Anglesey, being higher than Bodafon Mountain (584 feet (178 m)) on the main island.[1] On the east side of the hill is the site of a late Roman watchtower called Caer y Tŵr (Tower Fortress), from which Holyhead Mountain's Welsh name is derived. Holyhead Mountain also has an Iron Age stone circle settlement near its foot. This shows evidence of being occupied in the middle part of the Stone Age, the Neolithic Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. There are traces of field systems and the bases of dry-stone walls of twenty huts, and there are a number of standing stones in the vicinity.[2]

The summit of the mountain is rocky and the slopes clad in heather. The material for the breakwater at the port of Hollyhead was quarried from the mountain, with seven million tons of limestone being removed from its quarries to form the longest breakwater in Britain, at nearly one and a half miles long. On the mountain are also the remains of a brickworks, which closed in 1973. Specialist bricks produced here were also used in construction of the breakwater.[3]

Holyhead Mountain attracts many visitors, and it is also located close to South Stack lighthouse; many people come to see the variety of birds that nest along the cliff faces near South Stack. Views from the summit are extensive, especially to the west, where the Wicklow Mountains in Ireland can often be seen across the Irish Sea on clear days. Birds that nest here include Atlantic puffins, stonechats and oyster catchers, and grey seals can be seen offshore during the summer.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Landranger 114: Anglesey". 1.25 inch map. Ordnance Survey. 
  2. ^ Breverton, Terry (2013). Wales' 1000 Best Heritage Sites. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-4456-2013-8. 
  3. ^ a b Plant, Steve (2014). A Wander Around the Coast of Wales. Fast-Print Publishing. pp. 68–70. ISBN 978-1-78035-761-4. 

External links[edit]