Holziken

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Holziken
Holziken 021.JPG
Coat of arms of Holziken
Coat of arms
Location of Holziken
Holziken is located in Switzerland
Holziken
Holziken
Holziken is located in Canton of Aargau
Holziken
Holziken
Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°2′E / 47.317°N 8.033°E / 47.317; 8.033Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°2′E / 47.317°N 8.033°E / 47.317; 8.033
CountrySwitzerland
CantonAargau
DistrictKulm
Area
 • Total2.86 km2 (1.10 sq mi)
Elevation
443 m (1,453 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,454
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal code
5043
SFOS number4136
Surrounded byHirschthal, Kölliken, Muhen, Schöftland, Uerkheim
Websitewww.holziken.ch
SFSO statistics

Holziken is a municipality in the district of Kulm in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Holziken is first mentioned in 1306 as Helzinkon.[3] The major land holders in the village included the Abbey of St. Gall and knights that were vassals of the Habsburgs. Between 1415 and 1798 the village was under the authority of the city of Bern. In 1528 the Protestant Reformation was introduced in the village. Under the short lived Helvetic Republic, it belonged to the Zofingen district. Then, in 1803 it became part of the Kulm district in the newly formed Canton of Aargau.

The main economic sources, in the 18th and 19th centuries, were agriculture and home cotton processing. Today the main sources of income include agriculture (about 10% of the total employment in 2000) and factories for the production of office furniture and interiors. Despite local industry, Holziken has a marked commuter population (in 2000 521 commuted away, while only 81 commuted into the municipality).[3]

Geography[edit]

Holziken has an area, as of 2009, of 2.86 square kilometers (1.10 sq mi). Of this area, 1.25 square kilometers (0.48 sq mi) or 43.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.13 square kilometers (0.44 sq mi) or 39.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.45 square kilometers (0.17 sq mi) or 15.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes and 0.03 km2 (7.4 acres) or 1.0% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 9.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.1%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.7% of the area. 38.5% of the total land area is heavily forested. Of the agricultural land, 31.8% is used for growing crops and 10.1% is pastures, while 1.7% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[4]

The municipality is located in the Kulm district, between the Uerke and the Suhre rivers.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent three Wood Slices Or on a Chevron Sable. It is an example of canting with the round wood discs (German: Rundholzscheiben) which are a visual pun on the word for wood (German: holz) in the municipality's name.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Holziken has a population (as of December 2017) of 1,341[6] As of June 2009, 15.5% of the population are foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of -6.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (90.2%), with Albanian being second most common ( 2.4%) and Italian being third ( 2.2%).[8]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Holziken is; 98 children or 8.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 135 teenagers or 11.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 160 people or 13.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 165 people or 14.2% are between 30 and 39, 214 people or 18.4% are between 40 and 49, and 175 people or 15.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 116 people or 10.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 62 people or 5.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 29 people or 2.5% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 6 people or 0.5% who are 90 and older.[9]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.58 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[10] About 49.3% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[11]

As of 2000, there were 38 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 250 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 168 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.52 individuals.[12] As of 2000, there were 465 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.5 persons per household.[8] In 2008 there were 197 single family homes (or 39.2% of the total) out of a total of 502 homes and apartments.[13] There were a total of 6 empty apartments for a 1.2% vacancy rate.[13] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 1.7 new units per 1000 residents.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 68.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (7.8%), the SP (5.5%) and the CVP (4.4%).[8]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Holziken about 69% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[8] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 65 students attending primary school in the municipality.[12]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1653 140—    
1850 343+145.0%
1900 372+8.5%
1950 474+27.4%
1970 649+36.9%
2000 1,184+82.4%

Economy[edit]

As of  2007, Holziken had an unemployment rate of 1.62%. As of 2005, there were 24 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 43 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 11 businesses in this sector. 84 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 25 businesses in this sector.[8]

In 2000 there were 671 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 570 or about 84.9% of the residents worked outside Holziken while 80 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 181 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[14] Of the working population, 8.1% used public transportation to get to work, and 63.5% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 248 or 20.9% were Roman Catholic, while 720 or 60.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Holziken in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 27-April-2010
  6. ^ "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  7. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 27-April-2010
  9. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  10. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (PDF). 2007. p. 18. Archived from the original (pdf) on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
  11. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  12. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  13. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  14. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (in German) accessed 21 January 2010

External links[edit]