Homún Municipality

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Homún Municipality
municipality
Church of Homún, Yucatán
Church of Homún, Yucatán
Region 3 Centro #036
Region 3 Centro #036
Homún Municipality is located in Mexico
Homún Municipality
Homún Municipality
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°44′19″N 89°17′06″W / 20.73861°N 89.28500°W / 20.73861; -89.28500Coordinates: 20°44′19″N 89°17′06″W / 20.73861°N 89.28500°W / 20.73861; -89.28500
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[2]
 • Municipal President José Alejandro Pech Pat[3]
Area
 • Total 192.89 km2 (74.48 sq mi)
  [3]
Elevation[3] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 7,268[1]
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code 009
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Homún Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “Unripened”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (192.89 km2) of land and located roughly 50 km southeast of the city of Mérida.

History[edit]

After the conquest, during the colonial period, the Municipality of Homún was founded as an encomienda first for Pedro Alvarez y Melchor Pacheco in 1549; Juan Vela in 1564; Juan Vela de Aguirre, Catalina de Rua and Santillán Gómez del Castillo in 1579; Pedro de Mézquita in 1629; Cristóbal Gutiérrez Flores, Juan del Castillo y Quiñones and Juan Serrano in 1687; Ana Serrano and Alonso de Aranda y Aguayo in 1710, who had control of 162 Indians; and finally Antonio del Castillo y Carrillo in 1725 who controlled 469 Indians.[3]

In the modern era, in 1825, Homún became part of the Municipality of Sotuta and in 1829 the farm named Sutupil was joined with the municipality. In 1884 the location became a village in its own right.[3]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a term of three years. The president appoints seven Councilpersons to serve on the board for three year terms, as the Secretary and councilors of street lighting, public works, potable water, market and supply, parks and public gardens, public monuments, and nomenclature.[4]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[4]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[4]

Communities[edit]

The municipality is made up of 8 communities, which are considered of importance Chichi Lagos, Homún, Kanpepén, Kanún, Polabán, San Antonio, San Isidro Ochil and Yalahán. Other minor communities are: Chan Santo, Cho-chich, Culul, Kanka-Chen, Kan Kadzonot, Santa Cruz, Sintunil, and Sipchac.[3]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 7,268[5]
Chichi Lagos 0 in 2005
Homún 5826 in 2005[6]
Kampepén 35 in 2005[7]
Kanún 0 in 2005
Polabán 77 in 2005[8]
San Antonio Kolondet 10 in 2005[9]
San Isidro Ochil 937 in 2005[10]
Yalahán 0 in 2005

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from the 6 to 14 July a fiesta is held in honor of San Buenaventura.[3]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Cenote Balmil
  • Santa Maria Cave & Cenote
  • Santa Rosa Cenote
  • Tza Ujun Kat Cenote
  • Yaxbakaltun Cenote
  • Yalahau Lagoon

Archeological sites[edit]

  • Kampepen
  • Sión
  • Yalabau

Architectural sites[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures: Homún, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Partido Revolucionario Institucional: Yucatán". Partido Revolucionario Institucional (in Spanish). Partido Revolucionario Institucional: Yucatán. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Municipios de Yucatán » Homún" (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Homún". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Mexico In Figures: Abalá, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Homún". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Kampepén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Polabán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "San Antonio". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "San Isidro Ochil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.