Homa Hoodfar (Persian: هما هودفر) is a Canadian-Iranian sociocultural anthropologist and professor emerita of anthropology at Concordia University in Montreal. While she is most widely known for her work on Western perceptions of the veil or hijab in its varied forms, meanings, and historical uses, much of her work has focused on women's roles in public life in Muslim societies, with particular attention to how religious symbols and interpretations have been variously used to support and repress women's status.
Detention in Iran
In February 2016, Hoodfar traveled to her home country of Iran, primarily for personal reasons but also for her academic research. In March, a day before Hoodfar was to leave to join family in London, members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) raided the flat where she was staying, confiscating her belongings and three passports. After three months of Iranian intelligence services regularly summoning her for questioning, Iranian authorities arrested her in early June. At that point, Hoodfar's family went to the news media to inform the public of her ordeal in Iran. She was indicted on charges of "dabbling in feminism and security matters" by Iran, sources close to the government singling out her work with Women Living Under Muslim Laws. Websites close to Iranian Government state that her arrest is related to soft overthrow/revolution designed by foreign governments.
During her 112-day imprisonment in Evin Prison, she was put under psychological torture by members of Iran's Revolutionary Guard during dozens of interrogations. She was threatened with death. In an interview with CBS News in her first interview after being released on September 26, 2016, she also said: "I was prepared I might face a few years in prison, or as they said 15 years, maybe I would never be released."
- Anguish, hope and resistance: 40 years since the Iranian Revolution (Radio program). February 8, 2019.
- Johnson, Brigitte. "Symbolic Oppressions: The Rhetoric and the Image of the Veil in the West". Prized Writing. UC Davis. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
- Hoodfar, Homa; Tajali, Mona (2011). Electoral Politics: Making Quotas Work For Women. London UK: Women Living Under Muslim Laws.
- Hoodfar, Homa. "The Women's Movement in Iran: Women at the Crossroads of Secularization and Islamization". Iran Chamber Society. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Canadian-Iranian professor arrested in Tehran by Revolutionary Guards". The Guardian. 8 June 2016.
- Sidhartha Banerjee. "Canadian academic Homa Hoodfar indicted on unknown charges in Iran". Associated Press. Retrieved 11 July 2016 – via The Globe and Mail.
- Parisa Hafezi (11 July 2016). "Iran indicts three dual-nationals, Lebanese man: judiciary". Ankara: Reuters. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Dehghanpisheh, Babak; Torbati, Yegaheh (July 18, 2016). "Arrest of several dual-national Iranians could be politically motivated". Reuters. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- ""هما هودفر" عضو شبکه ضد امنیتی "ولوم" بازداشت شد". mashreghnews.ir. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Iran reportedly releases Canadian professor Homa Hoodfar". The Globe and Mail. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Thomas Erdbrink (27 September 2016). "Iran Releases Homa Hoodfar, a Canadian-Iranian Professor Held Since June". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
- "Iranian interrogators 'threatened to send my dead body back to Canada': Homa Hoodfar". CBC News. Retrieved 2016-10-10.