View from the train station of old Hombourg
|Intercommunality||Communauté de communes de Freyming-Merlebach|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Laurent Muller|
|Area1||12.25 km2 (4.73 sq mi)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||57332 /57470|
|Elevation||209–354 m (686–1,161 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Hombourg-Haut is an old medieval fortress town, built in the thirteenth century by the bishops of Metz. The old village lies at the foot of the imposing collegiate church in a green and wooded landscape.
Nowadays, the city has several neighbourhoods: the old Hombourg, the old village of Hellering, urban areas with HLMs built in the 1950s-1960s and residential district. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Hombourgeois and Hombourgeoises.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 City government
- 4 Culture and heritage sites
- 5 Twin town
- 6 Notable people
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Era of Middle Ages
Tragic Thirty Year's War and the decline
Industrial revolution and steel production
In 1758, Charles de Wendel founded an ironworks at the banks of the Roselle. That was the beginning of the industrial era of Hamburg-Haut. The ironworks was taken over by the d'Hausen family during the First Empire. The Gouvy family from Saarland bought the factory in 1850 and transformed it into a modern steel plant. Providing employment to generations of Hombourg's inhabitants, the Gouvy steel mill also supported music, sports, youth movements and other leisure activities. The Münch family continued the work of the Gouvys when they bought the factory in 1935, offering work to almost 250 employees. The plant ceased opérations permanently during the 1980s. Following the mill demolition, a shopping centre has been built on the site.
Coal mining in the surroundings
- Jean Derrieux, 1937-1971
- Albert Muller, 1971–1983
- Jean-Loup Schouller, 1983–2001
- Roland Kazmierczak, 2001-2006
- Jacques Furman, 2008-2014
- Laurent Muller, since 2014
The tourist office is located near the railway station. It is run by the Communauté de communes de Freyming-Merlebach, a federation of municipalities in the French law.
Culture and heritage sites
- The ruins of the medieval castle and fortress of Hombourg.
- The ruins of the castle of Hellering (17th century) listed as French national heritage site.
- Chateau d'Hausen, is an 18th-century castle. Current home of the local government.
- The gothic collegiate church of Saint Stephen (13th-14th centuries). The church is registered as French national heritage site.
- Saint Catherine's chapel, in the Gothic style (13th century), is listed as French national heritage site.
- The Recollect convent (18th century)
- The International Festival Théodore Gouvy has taken place every year since 1989.
- The Carnival celebrations culminate each year with a very popular and colored parade.
- The city is home to the Choeur d'hommes de Hombourg-Haut, one of the oldest male voice choir in the region Lorraine, founded in 1865.
San Giorgio di Pesaro, Italy
Théodore Gouvy (1819-1898) composer
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