Hombourg-Haut

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Hombourg-Haut
View from the train station of old Hombourg
View from the train station of old Hombourg
Coat of arms of Hombourg-Haut
Coat of arms
Hombourg-Haut is located in France
Hombourg-Haut
Hombourg-Haut
Coordinates: 49°07′36″N 6°46′43″E / 49.1267°N 6.7786°E / 49.1267; 6.7786Coordinates: 49°07′36″N 6°46′43″E / 49.1267°N 6.7786°E / 49.1267; 6.7786
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Moselle
Arrondissement Forbach-Boulay-Moselle
Canton Freyming-Merlebach
Intercommunality Communauté de communes de Freyming-Merlebach
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Laurent Muller
Area1 12.25 km2 (4.73 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 6,826
 • Density 560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 57332 /57470
Elevation 209–354 m (686–1,161 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hombourg-Haut (German: Oberhomburg) is a commune located in the department of Moselle, region of Grand Est, in the cultural and historical region Lorraine, north-eastern France.

An aerial view of the town.

Hombourg-Haut is an old medieval fortress town, built in the thirteenth century by the bishops of Metz. The old village lies at the foot of the imposing collegiate church in a green and wooded landscape.

Nowadays, the city has several neighbourhoods: the old Hombourg, the old village of Hellering, urban areas with HLMs built in the 1950s-1960s and residential district. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Hombourgeois and Hombourgeoises.


History[edit]

Era of Middle Ages[edit]

Tragic Thirty Year's War and the decline[edit]

Industrial revolution and steel production[edit]

In 1758, Charles de Wendel founded an ironworks at the banks of the Roselle. That was the beginning of the industrial era of Hamburg-Haut. The ironworks was taken over by the d'Hausen family during the First Empire. The Gouvy family from Saarland bought the factory in 1850 and transformed it into a modern steel plant. Providing employment to generations of Hombourg's inhabitants, the Gouvy steel mill also supported music, sports, youth movements and other leisure activities. The Münch family continued the work of the Gouvys when they bought the factory in 1935, offering work to almost 250 employees. The plant ceased opérations permanently during the 1980s. Following the mill demolition, a shopping centre has been built on the site.

Coal mining in the surroundings[edit]

Geography[edit]

The Rossell a small affluent of the Saar River flows through Hombourg-Haut.

City government[edit]

Mayors[edit]

  • Jean Derrieux, 1937-1971
  • Albert Muller, 1971–1983
  • Jean-Loup Schouller, 1983–2001
  • Roland Kazmierczak, 2001-2006
  • Jacques Furman, 2008-2014
  • Laurent Muller, since 2014


Municipal offices[edit]

Tourist office[edit]

The tourist office is located near the railway station. It is run by the Communauté de communes de Freyming-Merlebach, a federation of municipalities in the French law.


Culture and heritage sites[edit]

Civic sites[edit]

  • Logomonumclassé.gif The ruins of the medieval castle and fortress of Hombourg[1].
  • Logomonumclassé.gif The ruins of the castle of Hellering (17th century) listed as French national heritage site.
  • Chateau d'Hausen, is an 18th-century castle. Current home of the local government.

Religious sites[edit]


Cultural events[edit]

  • The International Festival Théodore Gouvy has taken place every year since 1989.
  • The Carnival celebrations culminate each year with a very popular and colored parade.
  • The city is home to the Choeur d'hommes de Hombourg-Haut, one of the oldest male voice choir in the region Lorraine, founded in 1865.

Twin town[edit]

Italy San Giorgio di Pesaro, Italy

Notable people[edit]

Théodore Gouvy (1819-1898) composer

References[edit]

External links[edit]