Home Guard is a title given to various military organizations at various times, with the implication of an emergency or reserve force raised for local defense.
The term "Home Guard" was first officially used in the American Civil War, starting with units formed by German immigrants in Missouri, and may derive from possible historic use of the term Heimwehr ("home guard") to describe units officially known as Landwehr ("country guard"), or from an attempted translation of landwehr.
- Swedish Home Guard, (1940–)
- Norwegian Home Guard (1946–)
- Danish Home Guard (1949–)
- Indian Home Guard (1962–)
- Sri Lankan Home Guard (1986–)
- Estonian Defence League (1991–)
- Latvian National Guard (1991–)
- Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces (1991–)
- Polish Territorial Defense Force (2017–)
- Home Guard (Unionist), during the American Civil War
- Confederate Home Guard (1861–1865) during the American Civil War
- Croatian Home Guard, several historic military formations during 19th and 20th century
- Home Guard (United Kingdom) (1940–1944)
- Home Guard (New Zealand) (1940–1943)
- Slovene Home Guard (1943–1945)
- Volkssturm Nazi Germany (1944-1945)
- Home Guard (Shannara), in Terry Brooks' novel series
- Home Guard potato, A variety of first early potato
- Civil Guard (disambiguation)
- Home Army (Armia Krajowa), Poland, World War II
- Boeitai, a Japanese home guard force of World War II
- Kaitseliit, Estonian Defence League
- Local Defence troops (Finland)
- Ordenanças, Portuguese home guard from 1570 to 1831
- Omakaitse, Estonian Home Guard in World War II
- State defense forces, home guards of individual U.S. states
- United States Guards
- Volkssturm, German Home Guard in World War II
- Wachdienst, an auxiliary organisation erected by the Third Reich in Germany during the last months of World War II
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