Home of the Underdogs

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Home of the Underdogs
Hoftheu.jpg
Hotu-website.png
Home of The Underdogs as of 14 May 2006
Type of site
Abandonware video games
Owner Sarinee Achavanuntakul
Website http://www.the-underdogs.org (archived)
Defunct; multiple revivals exist (see below)
Registration Not required
Launched September 1998/April 2009
Current status Defunct; succeeded by multiple third-party mirrors/revivals
Content license
CC BY-NC-SA[1]

Home of the Underdogs (often called HotU) was an abandonware archive[2] founded by Sarinee Achavanuntakul,[3] in October 1998.

Prior to shutting down in 2009, the site provided reviews for over 5,300 games, as well as offered downloads of software and manuals for a number of games that were no longer commercially available. This allowed it to be a valuable resource to players who lost the original discs or manuals. While a majority of games available on the site were for DOS or Microsoft Windows, the site also contained a section with games for other platforms. Where downloads for these games were provided, they were usually present in formats compatible with emulators. The site also had scans of several gamebook series, many of them complete. In addition to commercial titles, the site contained also hundreds of 'freeware' titles.[4]

History[edit]

Achavanuntakul, a Thai journalist, had been in the United States at that time and wanted to play MicroProse's 1989 title Sword of the Samurai, as her copy had fallen apart. However, by 1998, MicroProse no longer was selling any copies of the title, forcing Achavanuntakul to seek out a copy through an abandonware webring, eventually coming across the title offered to be played through emulation. She was surprised that other older, popular titles such as Infocom and Quantum Quality Productions were not available through these sites, and took it upon herself to launch "Home of the Underdogs" that October, a more permanent site for users to obtain abandonware. Initially, she had about 20 games offered but within a few months, had gained help from others to expand to about 80 games.[5]

Around that time, her web hosting service Xoom took down the site without warning, given the issue of copyrights with abandonware. She relaunched early in 1999, now providing the files under a .bmp extension rather than .zip to avoid attracting Xoom's notice. By the time the site had gotten to around 400 titles, Xoom permanently deleted the site, but Achavanuntakul had many offers for help from users around the globe to provide a more permanent hosting solution. At about the same time, her site gained attention from the Interactive Digital Software Association (IDSA), the former name of the current Entertainment Software Association (ESA), the video game industry's trade organization. The IDSA saw the offering of adandonware as a copyright violation for those publishers they represented, and Achavanuntakul complied with their requests by removing links to the software offered to otherwise keep the site going.[5]

On January 2006, due to new responsibilities at work, Achavanuntakul had to step off running the site, allowing other admins to continue to maintain it.[5]

In early 2009 "Home of the Underdogs" had difficulty maintaining funding for its hosting duties, which led to the website's shutdown.[6] As the database of HOTU was released under a CC BY-NC-SA Creative Commons license in March 2009[1][7], a team had been able to rehost the website as hotud.org by September 2009.[8] At the same time, the site established a partnership with GOG.com, a digital storefront that offered digital rights management-free games, to promote and offer some of the classic games that "Underdogs" had through GOG.com.[9]

The hotud.org site maintainers warned in February 2014 that financing for the servers was becoming difficult and they may need to take it offline.[10] Hotud.org went offline in June 2017.[11]

Impact and Legacy[edit]

While the legitimacy of abandonware with respect to copyrights remains in question, several game developers who had designed the games that were offered at "Home of the Underdogs", such as Chris Crawford, had written to Achavanuntakul to thank her for helping their games to be introduced to new players.[5] Several more recent game developers including Derek Yu and Ben "Yahtzee" Croshaw credit "Home of the Underdogs" for helping them to get interested in video game development.[5] The site was considered critical towards helping with digital preservation, since most publishers at the time did not keep materials of games that they had taken out of print.[5]

An effort by users, some who had worked on the original site, has been ongoing since 2009 to try to recreate the site as the "Home of the Underdogs Revival Project"; while they have difficulties with providing direct access to abandonware, they are otherwise trying to reproduce the site's databases and reviews for these early video games.[5][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Home_of_the_Underdogs-Data "Usage: CC BY-NC-SA" on the Internet Archive
  2. ^ Simon Carless, Gaming Hacks New York: O'Reilly Media (2004): 2 - 3. "Sites such as Home of the Underdogs ... have major copyright issues but can provide valuable resources, for example, for people who've lost legitimate copies of the manuals."
  3. ^ Saltzman, Marc (2002). "Flashbacks For Free: The Skinny On Abandonware". gamespot.com. Archived from the original on 2006. Retrieved 2012-12-29. By day, 28-year-old Sarinee Achavanuntakul is an investment banker in Hong Kong, but by night, she runs the infamous Home of the Underdogs, a Web site she founded three and a half years ago, and receives an average of more than 30,000 unique visitors per day. According to Achavanuntakul, the purpose of starting Home of the Underdogs was simple: to preserve out-of-print games that publishers no longer support, to keep them from falling into oblivion, and to honor other underrated games, including freeware games and recent commercial titles that might have been poor sellers. 
  4. ^ Freeware on www.the-underdogs.org (2003, archived)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Walker, Alex (September 11, 2017). "The Story Behind The Home Of Forgotten Video Games". Kotaku. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Underdogs, Ho". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  7. ^ Thankfully, everything on Home of the Underdogs had been put under a Creative Commons licence by Mr Creosote
  8. ^ "Home of the Underdogs - Hotud.org First Archive". 2009-03-11. Archived from the original on March 11, 2009. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  9. ^ Andy Chalk (2009-06-11). "Home of the Underdogs is back!". The Escapist. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  10. ^ "Home". 2014-07-20. Archived from the original on 2014-07-20. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  11. ^ "Hotud.org is offline". 2017-06-10. Archived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-26. 
  12. ^ "Underdogfight: Home Of The Underdogs Returns". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. 2009-06-15. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 

External links[edit]