This article needs to be updated.(March 2016)
Statue outside Regis College, Toronto
Homeless Jesus, also known as Jesus the Homeless, is a bronze sculpture by Canadian sculptor Timothy Schmalz that depicts Jesus as a homeless person, sleeping on a park bench. The original sculpture was installed at Regis College, University of Toronto, Toronto in early 2013. Other casts have since been installed at St. Alban's Episcopal Church in Davidson, North Carolina, outside the Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Chicago's headquarters in the River North neighbourhood of Chicago, at Central Presbyterian Church in Austin, Texas, in front of Saints Peter and Paul Jesuit Catholic Church in downtown Detroit, Valparaiso University in Valparaiso, Indiana, Behind Roberts Park Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana, in front of Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City's main services building near downtown Oklahoma City, OK, on the corner of the grounds at St. Ann's Catholic Parish in Coppell, Texas, and on the grounds of the Church of Saint Peter in ancient Caparnaum on the Sea of Galilee, Israel. The first sculpture outside of North America was installed on the grounds of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. It has since been installed and blessed in many places globally with the most prominent location being in Rome outside of the Papal Office of Charities.
Description and history
Homeless Jesus was designed by Timothy Schmalz, a Canadian sculptor and devout Catholic. It depicts Jesus as a homeless person, sleeping on a park bench. His face and hands are obscured, hidden under a blanket, but crucifixion wounds on his feet reveal his identity. The statue has been described as a "visual translation" of the Gospel of Matthew passage in which Jesus tells his disciples, "as you did it to one of the least of my brothers, you did it to me". Schmalz intended for the bronze sculpture to be provocative, admitting, "That's essentially what the sculpture is there to do. It's meant to challenge people." He offered the first casts to St. Michael's Cathedral in Toronto and St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York, but both churches declined. One spokesperson for St. Michael's said the church declined because appreciation "was not unanimous" and it was undergoing restoration. The cast intended for St. Michael's was installed at Regis College, the Jesuit School of Theology at the University of Toronto. Similarly, a spokesperson for St. Patrick's complimented the work but declined purchasing the cast due to ongoing renovations.
In 2013, the first cast was installed in the United States, at the St. Alban's Episcopal Church in Davidson, North Carolina. It was purchased for $22,000 and displayed as a memorial to parishioner Kate McIntyre, who had an affinity for public art. According to the Rev. David Buck, rector of St. Alban's, "It gives authenticity to our church. This is a relatively affluent church, to be honest, and we need to be reminded ourselves that our faith expresses itself in active concern for the marginalized of society". Buck welcomed discussion about the sculpture and considers it a "Bible lesson for those used to seeing Jesus depicted in traditional religious art as the Christ of glory, enthroned in finery." Furthermore, he said in an interview with NPR, "We believe that that's the kind of life Jesus had. He was, in essence, a homeless person."
For the downtown Detroit location, Rev. Gary Wright, S.J. of the Saints Peter and Paul Jesuit Church has said Homeless Jesus honors and may comfort the homeless people whom the church serves. An anonymous alumnus of the Jesuit- and Sisters of Mercy-sponsored University of Detroit Mercy School of Law, which adjoins Saints Peter and Paul, donated funds for the statue at the church, placing it just across East Jefferson Avenue from Detroit's iconic Renaissance Center towers.
Charleston, WV received the 8th Homeless Jesus statue in November, 2014.
A cast has been installed on the Via della Conziliazione, the street leading to St. Peter's Basilica outside of the Papal Office of Charities in March 2016. Earlier, Schmalz visited the Pope in Vatican City in November 2013 to present a miniature version of his statue. He recalled about the Pope's reaction, "He walked over to the sculpture, and it was just chilling because he touched the knee of the Jesus the Homeless sculpture, and closed his eyes and prayed. It was like, that's what he's doing throughout the whole world: Pope Francis is reaching out to the marginalized." Catholic Charities of Chicago and the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C. have both had casts installed outside of their offices. Pope Francis is expected to visit the sculpture installed along G Street in Chinatown, Washington, D.C., during his 2015 visit to the United States.
St. Paul's Cathedral, Buffalo, NY is now the permanent site for "Homeless Jesus," a sculpture installed during Holy Week 2015 that attracts area residents as well as visitors from across the nation. St. Paul's strives to be not only the Cathedral for The Episcopal Diocese of Western New York but for all who work, live and play in Buffalo and the region. The church building located at 139 Church Street (corner of Church and Pearl in downtown Buffalo) was designed by Richard Upjohn and was considered Buffalo’s first national architectural landmark in 1851. It is classified as a National Historic Landmark.
In May 2016, a cast was installed at the new main services building of Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City along Classen Boulevard in Oklahoma City, OK. An estimated 60,000 vehicles pass the sculpture daily at this location.
In August 2017, a cast was installed at the front entrance of Father Woody's Haven of Hope in Denver, CO at the corner of 7th st and Lipan. Father Woody's Haven of Hope mission is to provide food, shelter, clothing, counseling, rehabilitation and hygienic services to the homeless and less fortunate. 
Manchester has recently approved an installation outside St Ann's Church. The statue was originally going to be installed in Westminster outside of the Methodist Church's Westminster Central Hall but was eventually rejected. The city believed that the statue would not properly reflect the nature. The Bishop of Manchester reflected on the importance of having Homeless Jesus. He remembered Jesus saying that turning away from helping someone in need is like turning from Jesus.
Glasgow On Dec 7th 2017 a cast of the statue was installed in Nelson Mandela Place. Scottish artist Peter Howson has made a painting of a homeless Jesus that will be shown alongside the statue. Glasgow priest Father Willy Slavin helped bring the sculpture to Scotland. He was contacted by Mr Schmalz in 2015, and took the idea to the Glasgow Churches Together association.
Reception of the statue has been mixed. According to NPR, "The reaction [to the cast in Davidson] was immediate. Some loved it; some didn't." Some Davidson residents felt it was an "insulting depiction" of Jesus that "demeaned" the neighborhood. One Davidson resident called police the first time she saw it, mistaking the statue for a real homeless person. Another neighbor wrote a letter, saying it "[creeped] him out". However, according to Buck, residents are often seen sitting on the bench alongside the statue, resting their hands on Jesus and praying.
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- The Homeless Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew by Robert Myles (2014)