Homeless World Cup
The Homeless World Cup logo
|Number of teams||70+|
|Current champions||Mexico (1st title)|
|Most successful team(s)|| Scotland, Brazil,
Italy and Chile (2 titles each)
The Homeless World Cup is an annual football tournament organized by the Homeless World Cup organization, a social organization which advocates the end of homelessness through the sport of association football (or soccer). The organization puts together an annual football tournament where teams of homeless people from each country compete. The fourteenth edition of the Homeless World Cup will take place in 2016. The defending champions are Mexico, who won in Amsterdam in 2015.
The Homeless World Cup organization was co-founded by Mel Young and Harald Schmied in 2001 to advocate for a global solution to homelessness. The first annual football tournament for homeless people took place in 2003 in Graz, Austria. Host cities since then have included Gothenburg, Edinburgh, Copenhagen, Cape Town, Melbourne, Milan, Rio de Janeiro, Paris, Mexico City, Poznań, Santiago and Amsterdam.
The international headquarters of the Homeless World Cup is in the South Stand of Hibernian FC's Easter Road stadium in Leith, Scotland.
The Homeless World Cup organization operates through a network of more than 70 national partners around the world, supporting football programs and social enterprise development.
|List of national partners|
Players must meet all of the following criteria:
- Be male or female and at least 16 years old at the time of the tournament
- Have not taken part in previous Homeless World Cup tournaments
Also, must be any of the following:
- Have been homeless at some point after the previous year's tournament in accordance with the national definition of homelessness
- Make their main living income as a streetpaper vendor
- Be asylum seekers currently without positive asylum status or who were previously asylum seekers but obtained residency status a year before the event
- Currently be in drug or alcohol rehabilitation and also have been homeless at some point in the past two years
A maximum of 4 players per team on the court:
- 3 outfield players,
- 1 goalkeeper,
- Plus 4 substitution players (rolling substitution allowed)
The winning team gets 3 points. The losing team gets zero points. If a match ends in a draw, it is decided by sudden-death penalty shootout and the winning team gets two points and the losing team gets one point. Games are 14 minutes long, in two seven-minute halves. The field measures 22m long x 16m wide.
Teams reaching the top four
|Team||Titles||Runners-up||Third place||Fourth place||Top 4
|Chile||2 (2012, 2014)||1 (2010)||0||1 (2013)||4||3||3|
|Brazil||2 (2010, 2013)||0||3 (2009, 2011, 2012)||3 (2003, 2014, 2015)||8||5||2|
|Scotland||2 (2007, 2011)||0||0||3 (2004, 2005, 2008)||5||2||2|
|Italy||2 (2004, 2005)||0||0||0||2||2||2|
|Russia||1 (2006)||1 (2008)||1 (2013)||0||3||3||2|
|Austria||1 (2003)||1 (2004)||0||0||2||2||2|
|Ukraine||1 (2009)||1 (2015)||1 (2005)||0||3||3||2|
|Mexico||1 (2015)||3 (2011, 2012, 2013)||1 (2010)||1 (2006)||6||5||4|
|Poland||0||2 (2005, 2007)||3 (2004, 2006, 2014)||0||5||5||2|
|Portugal||0||1 (2009)||1 (2015)||1 (2010)||3||2||1|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0||1 (2014)||0||0||1||1||1|
Several TV documentaries have been made tracking the participation of teams from homelessness to participating at the annual event.
In 2011, a 90-minute documentary called Hors-Jeu: Carton rouge contre l’exclusion was broadcast by Canal+ and focused on the Paris 2011 Homeless World Cup and Homeless World Cup itself and five national partners: Japan, Argentina, Palestine, France and Kenya. It was aired in France on the 9th of October 2011. The documentary was directed by Jérôme Mignard and Thomas Risch.
The 2006 Homeless World Cup was the subject of a documentary entitled Kicking It. directed by Susan Koch and Jeff Werner focusing on the experiences of seven homeless people at the Homeless World Cup football (soccer) game in South Africa. Featured in the documentary, narrated by actor Colin Farrell were residents of Afghanistan; Kenya; Dublin, Ireland; Charlotte, U.S.; Madrid, Spain and St. Petersburg in Russia. The film premiered in January, 2008 at the Sundance Film Festival, distributed by Liberation Entertainment, Netflix and ESPN.
- "Melbourne 2008 Homeless World Cup" (Website). homelessworldcup.org. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
- "The Milan 2009 Homeless World Cup" (Website). homelessworldcup.org. 21 October 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2009.
- "Bosnian player Alen Hodžić's war-torn road to Chile" (Website). homelessworldcup.org. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "Amsterdam 2015" (Website). homelessworldcup.org. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Kicking It" documentary official website
- Palmer, Nancy Doyle (2008-06-01). "Spotlight: Susan Koch". Washingtonian. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
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