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Homer Defined

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"Homer Defined"
The Simpsons episode
Episode no.Season 3
Episode 5
Directed byMark Kirkland
Written byHoward Gewirtz
Production code8F04
Original air dateOctober 17, 1991[1]
Guest appearance(s)

Jon Lovitz as Aristotle Amadopoulos
Magic Johnson as himself
Chick Hearn as himself

Episode features
Chalkboard gag"I will not squeak chalk." (Bart makes the chalk squeak while writing it.)[2]
Couch gagAn alien is sitting on the couch and escapes through a trapdoor as the family rushes in.[3]
CommentaryMatt Groening
Al Jean
Mike Reiss
Dan Castellaneta
Howard Gewirtz
Mark Kirkland
Episode chronology
← Previous
"Bart the Murderer"
Next →
"Like Father, Like Clown"
The Simpsons (season 3)
List of The Simpsons episodes

"Homer Defined" is the fifth episode of The Simpsons' third season. It originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on October 17, 1991. In the episode, Homer accidentally saves the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant from meltdown by arbitrarily choosing the emergency override button via a counting rhyme. He is honored as a hero and receives praise from his daughter Lisa, but he starts to feel unworthy because he knows his apparent heroism was just luck. Meanwhile, Bart is downhearted after learning that Milhouse's mother won't let him play with Bart anymore because Bart is a bad influence on her son.

The episode was written by freelance writer Howard Gewirtz and directed by Mark Kirkland. Basketball player Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers made a guest appearance in the episode as himself, becoming the first professional athlete to do so on the show. He appears in two sequences, one in which he calls Homer to congratulate him on saving the plant, the second during a game sequence in which Lakers sportscaster Chick Hearn also guest stars.

The episode has received generally positive reviews from critics, particularly Johnson's appearance.

In its original airing on Fox, "Homer Defined" acquired a 12.7 Nielsen rating—the equivalent of being watched in approximately 11.69 million homes—and finished the week ranked 36th.


At the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, Homer is eating doughnuts. One of them splatters onto the nuclear reactor core's temperature dial, which is nearing the red zone. Homer fails to see the warning and the plant approaches a nuclear meltdown. He seems to be the only person who can stop it, though he has no skills and cannot remember any of his training. In desperation, he chooses a button at random with a counting rhyme, which miraculously averts the meltdown. Springfield is saved and Homer is hailed as a hero. Mr. Burns names Homer "Employee of the Month". Homer's family is also proud of him, especially Lisa, who starts to see him as a role model. Meanwhile, Homer himself is troubled by the fact that his so-called heroism was nothing but luck, and his gloomy mood deepens when he receives a congratulatory phone call from Magic Johnson, who tells Homer "People like that are eventually exposed as the frauds they are."

Burns introduces Homer to Aristotle Amadopoulos, the owner of the nuclear power plant in Shelbyville, Springfield's neighbor town. Amadopoulos wants Homer to give a pep talk to his plant's lackluster workers. Homer is hesitant to accept, but Mr. Burns forces him into it. At the Shelbyville plant, he gives a fumbling motivational speech. Suddenly an impending meltdown threatens the Shelbyville plant. Amadopoulos and Homer go to the control room, and Amadopoulos asks Homer to avert the meltdown. In front of everyone, Homer repeats his rhyme and presses a button blindly. By luck, he again manages to avert a meltdown. Amadopoulos thanks Homer for saving the plant, but berates him for his stupidity. Soon the phrase "to pull a Homer", meaning "to succeed despite idiocy," becomes widely used and is entered into the dictionary.

In the subplot, the relationship between Bart and his best friend Milhouse has changed. On the bus ride to school, Bart is upset to discover that Milhouse had held a birthday party the previous Saturday without inviting him. It turns out that Milhouse's mother, Luann, says Bart is a bad influence on her son and she has banned Milhouse from hanging out with Bart; Milhouse is downbeat but makes no effort to defy his mother. Suddenly deprived of his best friend, a depressed Bart resorts to playing with Maggie. When Marge finds out about the situation, she decides to visit Luann. Marge admits Bart is a "bit of a handful", but he and Milhouse are best friends and only have each other, so she asks Luann to allow them to play together. Milhouse finally invites Bart over to his house, and Bart thanks Marge for standing up for him.


The episode was written by freelance writer Howard Gewirtz. It was one of many stories he pitched to the producers of the show.[4] According to executive producer Al Jean, Gewirtz's script ended up featuring one of the longest first acts (an act being the amount of time between commercial breaks) in the history of the show when the episode was completed.[5] Gewirtz's script originally contained two uses of the word "ass", once from Bart ("bad influence, my ass") and once from Burns ("... kiss my sorry ass goodbye"). This was the first time a character in the show had used this word, and it led to problems with the network censors.[5] Eventually, the censors forced the producers to remove one instance, so Bart's line was changed to "bad influence, my butt".[6] However, in the first rerun of the episode, this decision was reversed, with Bart saying "ass" and Burns saying "butt".[7] (The official DVD release has the dialogue from the original airing.)

Basketball player Magic Johnson was the first professional athlete to guest star on The Simpsons.

Basketball player Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers guest stars in the episode as himself. He was the first professional athlete to do so on the show.[8][9][10] Johnson appears in two sequences: first in a scene in which he calls to congratulate Homer on saving the plant,[11][12][13][14] and later in the episode during a basketball game when he "pulls a Homer" by accidentally getting the ball into the basket after slipping on the floor. The recording of the episode was done during the National Basketball Association's regular season, so the producers had a hard time scheduling Johnson's session. With the deadline approaching, the producers traveled to Johnson's home to record his lines.[5] According to the San Jose Mercury News, the recording equipment brought to his home did not work at first and "almost doomed the guest spot".[9] Lakers sportscaster Chick Hearn also guest stars in the episode, commentating on the game that Johnson plays.[1][5][15]

Another guest star who appeared in the episode was actor Jon Lovitz, who provided the voice for Aristotle Amadopoulos and a minor character who appears in a soap opera. This was Lovitz's third appearance on the show.[5] Amadopoulos was drawn to look like the Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis.[5] The character's dialogue was written to emulate Lovitz's comedic style, such as his ability for rapid mood swings.[5] Amadopoulos returned a few episodes later in "Homer at the Bat", though in that episode he was voiced by cast member Dan Castellaneta rather than Lovitz.[16]

Milhouse's mother, Luann Van Houten, makes her first appearance in this episode. She was designed to look very similar to Milhouse.[5] Maggie Roswell was assigned to voice the character and she originally based it on Milhouse, who is voiced by Pamela Hayden. The producers felt her impression sounded out of place so she ended up using a more normal sounding voice.[6] It was Gewirtz who in this episode gave Milhouse his last name, Van Houten, which he got from one of his wife's friends.[4]

Director Mark Kirkland wanted the Springfield Power Plant to "look the best it had to date" and inserted shadows and back-lighting effects to make the panels in Homer's control room glow.[17]

Reception and analysis[edit]

In its original airing on Fox, the episode acquired a 12.7 Nielsen rating and was viewed in approximately 11.69 million homes. It finished the week of October 14–20, 1991, ranked 36th, down from the season's average rank of 32nd.[18] It ranked second in its timeslot behind The Cosby Show, which finished 24th with a 15.5 rating. The episode tied with In Living Color as the highest rated show on Fox that week.[19]

"Homer Defined" has received generally positive reviews from critics.

The authors of the book I Can't Believe It's a Bigger and Better Updated Unofficial Simpsons Guide, Warren Martyn and Adrian Wood, described it as an excellent episode which added new depth to the show in the scene with Marge trying to convince Luann to let Milhouse play with Bart again. They added that Lisa's "faith in her heroic father makes a nice change", and said that the episode's ending, in which Homer enters the dictionary, "is most satisfying".[3]

Colin Jacobson of DVD Movie Guide commented that after the episode "Bart the Murderer", this episode marks a regression, saying it was almost inevitable that it would not match up to the previous episode. He went on to say the subplot with Bart and Milhouse was more entertaining.[20]

Nate Meyers of Digitally Obsessed rated the episode a 4 (of 5), writing that he enjoyed the Homer story but found the Bart and Milhouse subplot more interesting. He added that "Milhouse's mom won't allow him to play with Bart because she thinks Bart is a bad influence. It's rare for the show to allow Bart to feel genuine emotion, but there is plenty of it in this episode that makes for a nice character oriented story."[21]

Johnson's performance has also been praised.

In 2004, ESPN released a list of the top 100 Simpsons sport moments, ranking his appearance at number 27.[22]

Sports Illustrated listed Johnson's cameo as the fifth best athlete guest appearance on The Simpsons.[8] Meyers wrote that the episode "makes a lot of good points about the public making heroes in a rash, hysterical manner", and this point is made "with an amusing cameo by Earvin 'Magic' Johnson".[21]

The San Diego Union's Fritz Quindt said the animators "did [Johnson's] likeness good," and noted that in the game the "colors on the Lakers jerseys and the Forum court were correct. Chick Hearn and Stu Lantz were almost lifelike, announcing at courtside in Sunday-color-comics sweaters. And Chick's play-by-play was so real Stu couldn't get a word in."[23] Johnson's appearance was broadcast on CNN's Sports Tonight the day before the episode originally aired, and host Fred Hickman said he did not find it humorous.[23]

In his book Watching with The Simpsons: Television, Parody, and Intertextuality, Jonathan Gray discusses a scene from "Homer Defined" that shows Homer reading a USA Today with the cover story: "America's Favorite Pencil – #2 is #1".[24] Lisa sees this title and criticizes the newspaper as a "flimsy hodge-podge of high-brass factoids and Larry King", to which Homer responds that it is "the only paper in America that's not afraid to tell the truth: that everything is just fine".[24][25] In the book, Gray says this scene is used by the show's producers to criticize "how often the news is wholly toothless, sacrificing journalism for sales, and leaving us not with important public information, but with America's Favorite Pencil".[24]


  1. ^ a b Penner, Mike (2009-09-22). "Cowboys' Owner May Be in Hot Water with Visitors". Los Angeles Times.
  2. ^ Groening, Matt (1997). Richmond, Ray; Coffman, Antonia (eds.). The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to Our Favorite Family (1st ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-06-095252-5. LCCN 98141857. OCLC 37796735. OL 433519M..
  3. ^ a b Martyn, Warren; Wood, Adrian (2000). "Homer Defined". BBC. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
  4. ^ a b Gewirtz, Howard (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer Defined" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Jean, Al (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer Defined" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  6. ^ a b Reiss, Mike (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer Defined" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  7. ^ Reiss, Mike; Klickstein, Mathew (2018). Springfield confidential: jokes, secrets, and outright lies from a lifetime writing for the Simpsons. New York City: Dey Street Books. p. 77. ISBN 978-0062748034.
  8. ^ a b Whitaker, Lang (2007-07-27). "The Simpsons' best sports star guest appearances". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2010-03-08.
  9. ^ a b Brown, Daniel (2007-07-22). "Eat My Sports: A Retrospective — Some Of The Sports World's Brightest Stars Knew They Hit It Big When They Guest-Starred On The Iconic Series". San Jose Mercury News. p. 1C.
  10. ^ Hervé, Par (2009-12-14). "20 ans de sport chez les Simpsons". Les Dessous du Sport (in French). Archived from the original on 2010-12-31. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  11. ^ "Sports Today". The Buffalo News. 1991-10-16. p. D2.
  12. ^ Yandel, Gerry (1991-10-16). "TV Watch". The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. p. E/9.
  13. ^ Rosenthal, Phil (1991-10-16). "Washington Delivered A Historic Peep Show". Daily News of Los Angeles. p. L20.
  14. ^ "'Magic' On TV". Press-Telegram. 1991-10-17. p. C1.
  15. ^ Curtright, Guy (1991-10-17). "Today's TV Tips". The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. p. D/10.
  16. ^ Castellaneta, Dan (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer Defined" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  17. ^ Kirkland, Mark (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer Defined" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  18. ^ "World Series no strike Out in Nielsen". Lakeland Ledger. 1991-10-24. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  19. ^ "Nielsen Ratings/Oct. 14–20". Long Beach Press-Telegram. Associated Press. 1991-10-23.
  20. ^ Jacobson, Colin. "The Simpsons: The Complete Third Season (1991)". DVD Movie Guide. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  21. ^ a b Meyers, Nate (2004-06-23). "The Simpsons: The Complete Third Season". Digitally Obsessed. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  22. ^ Collins, Greg (2004-01-23). "The Simpsons Got Game". ESPN. Archived from the original on 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2010-03-08.
  23. ^ a b Quindt, Fritz (1991-10-21). "Basically, CBS toys with unusual mix for Series success Magic has a cow, man On campus Tater tots". The San Diego Union. p. D–2.
  24. ^ a b c Gray, Jonathan (2006). Watching with The Simpsons: Television, Parody, and Intertextuality. Taylor & Francis. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-415-36202-3.
  25. ^ "1 brush with fame for USA TODAY". USA Today. 2003-06-02. Retrieved 2010-04-05.

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