||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008)|
|Homer H. Hickam, Jr.|
Author Homer Hickam, Jr.
February 19, 1943 |
Coalwood, West Virginia, United States
|Occupation||Author, Aerospace Engineer (retired)|
|Education||BS in Industrial Engineering (1964)|
|Alma mater||Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University|
|Genre||Memoirs, Historical Fiction|
|Notable works||Rocket Boys
Back to the Moon
The Josh Thurlow series
The Coalwood Way
Sky of Stone
We Are Not Afraid
|Spouse||Linda Terry Hickam|
|Relatives||Homer Hickam (father)
Elsie Hickam (mother)
Jim Hickam (brother)
|Years of service||1964–1970|
|Unit||Fourth Infantry Division|
|Awards||Army Commendation Medal, Bronze Star|
Homer Hadley Hickam, Jr. (born February 19, 1943) is an American author, Vietnam veteran, and a former NASA engineer. His autobiographical novel Rocket Boys: A Memoir, was a No. 1 New York Times Best Seller, is studied in many American and international school systems, and was the basis for the 1999 film October Sky. Hickam has also written a number of best-selling memoirs and novels including the "Josh Thurlow" historical fiction novels. His books have been translated into several languages.
Homer H. Hickam, Jr. is the second son of Homer, Sr. and Elsie Gardener Hickam (née Lavender) and was raised in Coalwood, West Virginia. He graduated from Big Creek High School in 1960. While there, he led a group of boys who built rockets. They called themselves the Big Creek Missile Agency (BCMA). After working on finding the perfect way to build rockets, they took their designs to the 1960 National Science Fair, where the BCMA won a gold and silver medal in the area of propulsion. Hickam graduated from Virginia Tech in 1964 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Engineering. While at Virginia Tech he designed a cannon to be fired at games and during corps of cadets functions. The cannon was cast out of brass that had been collected from cadet belt buckles and caps, and scrap he got from his father, the superintendent of a coal mine. The cannon was named "The Skipper" after President John F. Kennedy and has become an icon for the Hokies. The original Skipper is now retired after having been replaced by a second cannon "Skipper II" after an incident in 1983. "Skipper II" was cast to carry on the tradition at Virginia Tech, and the original Skipper now resides in honor in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets Museum.
A United States Army veteran, Hickam served as a First Lieutenant in the Fourth Infantry Division during the Vietnam War in 1967 and 1968. For his service, he earned the Army Commendation Medal and Bronze Star Medals. He served six years on active duty, leaving the Army as a Captain.
Hickam was an engineer for the United States Army Aviation and Missile Command from 1971 to 1978 assigned to Huntsville. For three years (1978–81), he was an engineer for the 7th Army Training Command in Germany. He began employment with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration at Marshall Space Flight Center in 1981 as an aerospace engineer. During his NASA career, Hickam worked in spacecraft design and crew training. His specialties at NASA included training astronauts on science payloads, and extra-vehicular activities (EVA). He also trained astronaut crews for many Spacelab and Space Shuttle missions, including the Hubble Space Telescope deployment mission, the first two Hubble repair missions, Spacelab-J (the first Japanese astronauts), and the Solar Max repair mission. Prior to his retirement from federal service in 1998, Hickam was the Payload Training Manager for the International Space Station Program.
In May 2013 Hickam presented 16-year-old Florida High School student Kiera Wilmot with a scholarship to the United States Advanced Space Academy to compensate for her expulsion from Bartow High School and arrest on felony charges (which were later dropped) arising from a science experiment that she conducted on school premises that resulted in a small explosion.
Homer Hickam began writing in 1969 after returning from serving in the Vietnam War. His first writings were magazine stories about scuba diving and his time as a scuba instructor. Then, having dived in many of the wrecks involved, he wrote about the battle against the U-boats along the American east coast during World War II. This resulted in his first book, Torpedo Junction (1989), a military history best-seller published in 1989 by the Naval Institute Press.
In 1998, Delacorte Press published Hickam's second book, Rocket Boys, the story of his life as the son of a coal miner in Coalwood, West Virginia. Rocket Boys has since been translated into many languages and released as an audiobook and electronic book. Among its many honors, it was selected by The New York Times as one of its "Great Books of 1998" and was an alternate "Book-of-the-Month" selection for both the Literary Guild and the Book of the Month Club. Rocket Boys was also nominated by the National Book Critics Circle as Best Biography of 1998. In February 1999, Universal Studios released its critically acclaimed film October Sky, based on Rocket Boys (The title "October Sky" is an anagram of "Rocket Boys"). Delacorte subsequently released a mass market paperback of Rocket Boys, re-titled October Sky. October Sky reached the number one position on the New York Times Best Seller list.
Hickam's first fiction novel was Back to the Moon (1999) which was simultaneously released as a hardcover, audiobook, and eBook. It has also been translated into Chinese. To date, Back to the Moon is Hickam's only novel specifically about space. It is a techno-thriller and a romantic novel, telling the story of a team of "spacejackers" who commandeer a shuttle.
The Coalwood Way, a memoir of Hickam's hometown, was published a year later by Delacorte Press, and is referred to by Hickam as "not a sequel but an equal". His third Coalwood memoir, a true sequel, was published in October 2001. It is titled Sky of Stone. His final book about Coalwood was published in 2002, a self-help/inspirational tome titled We Are Not Afraid: Strength and Courage from the Town That Inspired the #1 Bestseller and Award-Winning Movie October Sky.
After his memoir series, Hickam began his popular "Josh Thurlow" series set during World War II. The first of the series was The Keeper's Son (2003) set on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The series continued with The Ambassador's Son (2005) and The Far Reaches (2007). both set in the South Pacific. His next novel was Red Helmet (2008), a love story set in the present day's Appalachian coalfields and dedicated to "Mine Rescue Teams Everywhere." In 2010, he co-authored My Dream of Stars (2010) with Anousheh Ansari, a multi-millionaire Iranian-American who became the world's first female commercial astronaut. Hickam, an avid amateur paleontologist, also wrote The Dinosaur Hunter, a novel set in Montana published by St. Martin's in November 2010. His most recent book, published in April 2013 by Thomas Nelson Publisher, is Crescent, a Young Adult Science Fiction thriller set on the moon. It is a follow-up to "Crater," published in 2012, both books part of the Helium-3 series.
In 1984, Hickam was presented with Alabama's Distinguished Service Award for heroism shown during a rescue effort of the crew and passengers of a sunken paddleboat in the Tennessee River. Because of this award, Hickam was honored in 1996 by the United States Olympic Committee to carry the Olympic Torch through Huntsville, Alabama, on its way to Atlanta.
In 1999, the governor of West Virginia issued a proclamation in honor of Hickam for his support of his home state and his distinguished career as both an engineer and author and declared an annual "Rocket Boys Day".
In 2000, the Virginia Tech junior class selected Hickam as the namesake for the Virginia Tech class of 2002 ring collection, the Homer Hickam Collection.
In 2013, Hickam won the Clarence Cason Award from the University of Alabama for his non-fiction writing.
- Rocket Boys (ISBN 0-385-33321-8) (movie: October Sky)
- The Coalwood Way (ISBN 0-385-33516-4)
- Sky of Stone (ISBN 0-440-24092-1)
- We Are Not Afraid (ISBN 0-7573-0012-X)
- "Carrying Albert Home"(ISBN-13:9780062325891)
Josh Thurlow series
- The Keeper's Son (ISBN 0-312-30189-8)
- The Ambassador's Son (ISBN 0-312-30192-8)
- The Far Reaches (ISBN 0-312-33475-3)
- Non-fiction companion volume: Torpedo Junction (ISBN 0-440-21027-5)
- Back to the Moon: A Novel (ISBN 0-440-23538-3)
- Red Helmet (ISBN 1-59554-214-0)
- Torpedo Junction (ISBN 1-55750-362-1)
- The Dinosaur Hunter (ISBN 0-312-38378-9)
- "Elsie Gardener Hickam". The Roanoke Times. October 10, 2009.
She was born Elsie Gardener Lavender on June 15, 1912, in Atkin (near Gary), McDowell County, W.Va., to James and Minnie Lavender.
- "Mother of Homer Hickam dies at 97". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. October 9, 2009.
- Homer Hickam Biography | homerhickam.com
- Cowing, Keith (2013-05-13). "Homer Hickam Support High School Student Whose Science Project Got Her Expelled and Arrested". Allen Media Strategies. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- Hickam, Homer. October Sky. Coalwood,West Virginia: Dell. pp. 423–428. ISBN 0-440-23550-2.
- "The Homer Hickam Collection". Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
Dugger, Charles M., Jr. Torpedo Junction: U-Boat War off America's East Coast, 1942. (book review). Sea Frontiers, Jan-Feb 1990. 36(1), 62.
Gates, Anita. Space Cadets: this novel by Homer H. Hickam features an unlikely shuttle crew on its way to the moon (review). The New York Times Review of Books, June 27, 1999. 104(26), pg.19, col.4.
Hickam, Homer H., Jr. Keep Your Faith in Space: A Message to the Next Generation of Rocket Boys and Girls. Ad Astra, May-June 1999. 11(3), 28.
---. A Reflection on Rocket Boys/October Sky in the Science Classroom. Journal of College Science Teaching, May 2000. 29(6), 399.
Homer H. Hickam, Jr. (aerospace engineer and writer). Current Biography, October 2000. 61(10), 35.
Morgan, Robert. Notes from Underground (Sky of Stone review). The New York Times Book Review, Oct. 21, 2001. 106(42), 22.
Owens, William T. Country Roads, Hollers, Coal Towns, and Much More. The Social Studies, July 2000. 91(4), 178.
Struckel, Katie. Remembering with Homer H. Hickam, Jr. (interview). Writer's Digest, December 2000. 80(2), 30.
Sturdevant, Rick W. The Infinite Journey: Eyewitness Accounts of NASA and the Age of Space (book review). Air Power History, Winter 2001. 48(4), 59.
We Are Not Afraid: Strength and Courage for Our Nation from the Town of "October Sky" (book review). Publishers' Weekly, Jan. 28, 2002. 249(4), 283.
We Know Our History (pride in knowing who you are). Publishers' Weekly, Jan. 14, 2002. 249(2), S1.