Homi Bhabha National Institute
|Location||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai is one of the institutions of excellence as per section 4(b) of (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006. And, it has been placed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) task force in Category ‘A’.
The Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954 and its mandate includes research including fundamental research in matters connected with atomic energy and the development of its uses in power generation, research, agriculture, industry and health care and advancement of higher mathematics. In pursuit of its mandate DAE has established several research and development centers, grant-in-aid institutions and has taken in its fold several existing grant-in-aid institutions. All research institutions under the mbrella of the DAE have been pursuing academic programme right from their inception. Considering continued expansion of atomic energy programme and considering the fact that the DAE institutions are engaged in human resource development programmes, the DAE Science Research Council recommended in 2003 that the DAE should establish a university level institutions. After completing all formalities, Prime minister of India, Manmohan Singh, announced the approval of the government of India for setting up of HBNI on June 4, 2005. It is named after the late Indian physicist Homi J. Bhabha. The HRD Ministry of the government of India declared Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) a deemed to be University along with ten Constituent Institutions (CIs).
HBNI and its Constituent Institutions (CIs) are among the very few institutions of excellence chosen by the Parliament of India to be kept out of the purview of reservations in the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Bill, 2006, which increases the reserved seats to 49.5 per cent in prestigious educational institutes like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
The institute was the brainchild of its first and present vice-chancellor, Ravi Grover.
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai.
- Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam near Chennai
- Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore
- Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata
- Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
- Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar
- Harishchandra Research Institute, Allahabad
- Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai
- Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai
- Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar
- National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar
Distinctive Characteristics of the Institute
HBNI is a research university and educates students at the doctoral and masters level, and pursues research in accordance with its mandate. It is meritocratic in hiring and promotion of faculty, admission and progression of students and all other policy aspects. As a result, it has a high concentration of talent in its faculty members and students.
Distinctive characteristic of the Institute is to advance indigenous nuclear technological capability. Technology control regime is an established practice in the nuclear field and for India to exploit full potential of nuclear sciences, it is necessary to develop a complete range of nuclear technologies based on indigenous efforts. Nuclear technologies have applications in generation of nuclear power; in health care where it is useful in diagnosis, therapy as well as sterility assurance; in industry for radiography, nuclear gauging and gamma scanning of chemical towers; isotope hydrology; and research. Mathematics is basic to all branches of sciences and serious research in pure and applied mathematics including theoretical computer science is very important for indigenous development of information technologies and for cyber security.
Nuclear engineering is an inter-disciplinary subject and any institution involved in its development has to have expertise in several branches of engineering, physical sciences, chemical sciences, life science, health sciences and mathematics. Scope of the HBNI is very vast. The DAE has pursued a science based approach for nuclear power development and this has resulted in indigenization of nuclear power programme including associated fuel cycle facilities. This approach has also given India confidence to construct reactors based on technology development in the country. This is demonstrated by the ongoing construction of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor, which is now nearing completion. India’s participation in the international venture ITER has been possible only because of robust basic research in plasma physics and development of related technologies at IPR and other institutions in the country over the past three decades. DAE institutions continue to pursue basic research in areas such as nuclear physics, accelerator physics, laser physics, astrophysics, biophysics, string theory, quantum information and computation, pure and applied mathematics, theoretical computer science, organo-metallic materials, nano and condensed matter physics, atomic/ molecular clusters, catalysis, generation and storage of hydrogen, molecular mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance, molecular marker techniques for marker assisted selection, development and characterization of transgenic plants, oncology and nuclear medicine, and many other similar areas including several areas which may be classified as blue sky research.
To pursue research, the Institute has a wide range of facilities ranging from table top set up to mega science facilities such as research reactors, accelerators and tokamaks. Computational resources available to faculty and students are quite extensive and faculty is well trained to build own instrumentation and facilities. The Institute seeks to serve the following categories of students.
Disciplines & Programmes
Ph.D. in varied disciplines is offered at all CIs. HRI and IMSc also offer an integrated Ph.D. programme where students study for M.Sc. as well as Ph.D.
M.Tech. in engineering sciences, and M.Phil. in physical sciences, chemical sciences and life sciences. These programmes consist of one year of course work and one year of project work. The course work is offered at all campuses of BARC Training School and project work is offered at BARC, IGCAR, RRCAT VECC and some other units of DAE. Those who are not interested in project work get a diploma in lieu of a M.Tech. or a M.Phil.
M.Sc. (Engg) in which research content is more than that in a M.Tech. programme. The duration of the project work under this programme is one and half year, while the duration of the course work is up to one year. This programme is offered at BARC, IGCAR, VECC and RRCAT and has been tailored for the employees of the Department.
Integrated M.Sc. of five-year duration at NISER.
Super Specialty Courses at TMC •D.M. (Medical Oncology) •D.M. (Pediatric Oncology) •D.M. (Gastroenterology) •D.M. (Critical Care) •M. Ch. (Surgical Oncology) •M. Ch. (Gynecological Oncology) •M.Ch. (Head & Neck Oncology)
Post Graduate Courses at TMC •M.D. (Pathology) •M.D. (Anesthesia) •M.D. (Radio-diagnosis), •M.D. (Radiotherapy), •M.D. (Microbiology), •M.D. (Nuclear Medicine), •M.D. Palliative Medicine), and •M.D. (Immuno-Hematology & Transfusion Medicine)
DRM: Diploma in Radiation Medicine at BARC.
M.Sc. (Nursing) at TMC
Dip.R.P.: Diploma in Radiological Physics at BARC.
DMRIT: Diploma in Medical Radio Isotope Techniques at BARC.
In addition, the TMC also offers a two-year Certified Fellowship programme in 23 different disciplines related to Oncology.
The Institute offers a unique Ph.D. programme where students are manadated to work at the interface of basic research and technology development. Under this programme, they work under the guidance of two supervisors, one having strength in basic research and the other in technology development.
Courses at Training schools and other CIs
For developing a well trained manpower in the area of nuclear science and engineering, DAE established the "Training School" in 1997 at Trombay, Mumbai. To cater to increased demand of manpower, Training Schools were established at other places and all Training Schools offer a well designed one year intensive programme for fresh engineers and scientists. This provides the students a very sound academic base in nuclear science and technology. For historical reasons, the name "Training School" continues, though given the depth and range of courses, it functions as a gradual school.
Courses are conducted at all CIs and at BARC Training schools at:
- BARC Training School at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai
- BARC Training School at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam
- BARC Training School at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore
- BARC Training School at Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad
- BARC Training School at Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), Hyderabad
- Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, another research oriented deemed university.
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- Press Information Bureau English Releases. Pib.nic.in (2007-01-03). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
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- The making of a nuclear scientist. The Hindu (2011-12-26). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.