List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.[1] The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[2] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[3] See how intentional homicide is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its Global Study on Homicide report[1] :

Within the broad range of violent deaths, the core element of intentional homicide is the complete liability of the direct perpetrator, which thus excludes killings directly related to war or conflicts, self-inflicted death (suicide), killings due to legal interventions or justifiable killings (such as self-defence), and those deaths caused when the perpetrator was reckless or negligent but did not intend to take a human life (non-intentional homicide).

UNODC data is used in the main table below.[1]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[3] They may also be under-reported for political reasons.[4][5] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[6] UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013").[1][7] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[8]

Homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1   1–2   2–5   5–10   10–20   >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

Note: Please update the UNODC tables only with UNODC data.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. All data in this section comes from reports on that site.[1]

By region[edit]

Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

UNODC murder rates, most recent year[1]
Region Rate Count
  Americas 16.3 157,000
  Africa 12.5 135,000
  World 6.2 437,000
  Europe 3.0 22,000
  Oceania 3.0 1,100
  Asia 2.9 122,000

The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.[1]

By country[edit]

Note. Only the numbers from the UNODC source are used for this main table.[1] Data from other sources will be removed.
United Nations geoscheme with region names used in table here.

The regions and region names in the table are based on the United Nations geoscheme since the table source is a United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) report.[1] Enlarge the map to the right for more info.

For the full table with more info and multiple years see the UNODC source.[1]

This chart does not use the very latest data due to differences in how intentional homicide is defined, collected, and calculated for each country. In order to have more consistent, continuous, and reliable oversight only the latest UNODC sourcing is used for this section on countries.[1]

When using the figures, any cross-national comparison should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of offences in countries, the different methods of offence counting and recording and differences in the share of criminal offences that are not reported to or detected by law enforcement authorities (i.e. the dark figure).[1]

Note: x (in the count column, mainly in the Oceania section) – From UNODC source:[1] "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".
"Notes" column links to notes section just below the chart. It links to additional info about wars, etc.. UNODC does not count war deaths in its data.[1]
There is a total yearly count of homicides for each country. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.
Row numbers on the left are fixed.
 



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UNODC murder rates (per 100,000 inhabitants). Most recent year UNODC has published
Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Rate Count Region Subregion Year
listed
Notes

 Burundi 4.03 436 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
 Comoros 7.60 60 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Djibouti 6.77 60 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Eritrea 7.46 390 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Ethiopia 7.60 7,552 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Kenya 5.75 2,648 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Madagascar 0.62 130 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
 Malawi 1.78 279 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Mauritius 2.71 34 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
 Mayotte (France) 5.93 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Mozambique 3.39 849 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
 Réunion (France) 1.82 15 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Rwanda 4.51 500 Africa Eastern Africa 2013
 Seychelles 2.15 2 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
 Somalia 5.56 599 Africa Eastern Africa 2015 notes
 South Sudan 13.70 1,504 Africa Eastern Africa 2012 notes
 Uganda 11.84 4,473 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
 Tanzania 7.01 3,746 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Zambia 5.85 814 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
 Zimbabwe 6.74 981 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Angola 9.65 2,414 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Cameroon 5.93 1,385 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Central African Republic 13.09 642 Africa Middle Africa 2015 notes
 Chad 9.02 1,266 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Republic of the Congo 10.88 466 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 13.36 10,322 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Equatorial Guinea 3.21 27 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Gabon 9.00 155 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Sao Tome and Principe 3.44 6 Africa Middle Africa 2011
 Algeria 1.37 542 Africa Northern Africa 2015
 Egypt 3.23 2,703 Africa Northern Africa 2011
 Libya 2.49 156 Africa Northern Africa 2015 notes
 Morocco 1.05 355 Africa Northern Africa 2014
 Sudan 6.45 2,596 Africa Northern Africa 2015 notes
 Tunisia 3.05 332 Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Botswana 10.53 220 Africa Southern Africa 2011
 Lesotho 38.00 764 Africa Southern Africa 2010
 Namibia 16.93 388 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 South Africa 34.27 18,673 Africa Southern Africa 2015
 Swaziland 8.16 102 Africa Southern Africa 2013
 Benin 6.01 654 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Burkina Faso 0.71 117 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Cape Verde 8.84 46 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Ivory Coast 11.84 2,688 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Gambia 9.07 181 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Ghana 1.70 423 Africa Western Africa 2011
 Guinea 8.46 1,067 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Guinea-Bissau 9.17 169 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Liberia 3.22 135 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Mali 10.82 1,905 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Mauritania 10.22 416 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Niger 4.47 788 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Nigeria 9.79 17,843 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Senegal 7.30 1,105 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Sierra Leone 1.92 124 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Togo 9.14 668 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Anguilla (UK) 27.66 4 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Antigua and Barbuda 11.23 10 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Aruba (Netherlands) 3.94 4 Americas Caribbean 2010
 Bahamas 29.81 111 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Barbados 10.91 31 Americas Caribbean 2015
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 8.37 2 Americas Caribbean 2006
 Cayman Islands (UK) 14.74 8 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Cuba 4.72 534 Americas Caribbean 2011
 Dominica 8.40 6 Americas Caribbean 2011
 Dominican Republic 17.39 1,810 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Grenada 7.52 8 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Guadeloupe (France) 7.90 36 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Haiti 10.04 1,033 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Jamaica 43.21 1,207 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Martinique (France) 2.78 11 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Montserrat (UK) 20.39 1 Americas Caribbean 2008
 Puerto Rico (US) 15.86 584 Americas Caribbean 2015
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 33.55 18 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Lucia 21.56 39 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 25.61 28 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Trinidad and Tobago 30.88 420 Americas Caribbean 2015
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 6.61 2 Americas Caribbean 2009
 United States Virgin Islands (US) 52.64 56 Americas Caribbean 2010
 Belize 34.40 121 Americas Central America 2014
 Costa Rica 11.77 566 Americas Central America 2015
 El Salvador 108.64 6,656 Americas Central America 2015
 Guatemala 31.21 4,998 Americas Central America 2014
 Honduras 63.75 5,148 Americas Central America 2015
 Mexico 16.35 20,762 Americas Central America 2015 notes
 Nicaragua 11.49 675 Americas Central America 2012
 Panama 11.38 447 Americas Central America 2015
 Bermuda (UK) 6.45 4 Americas Northern America 2015
 Canada 1.68 604 Americas Northern America 2014
 Greenland (Denmark) 12.46 7 Americas Northern America 2015
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 15.94 1 Americas Northern America 2009
 United States 4.88 15,696 Americas Northern America 2015
 Argentina 6.53 2,837 Americas South America 2015
 Bolivia 12.40 1,270 Americas South America 2012
 Brazil 26.74 55,574 Americas South America 2015
 Chile 3.59 638 Americas South America 2014
 Colombia 26.50 12,782 Americas South America 2015 notes
 Ecuador 8.23 1,309 Americas South America 2014
 French Guiana (France) 13.17 30 Americas South America 2009
 Guyana 19.42 149 Americas South America 2015
 Paraguay 9.29 617 Americas South America 2015
 Peru 7.16 2,247 Americas South America 2015
 Suriname 10.68 58 Americas South America 2015
 Uruguay 8.42 289 Americas South America 2015
 Venezuela 57.15 17,778 Americas South America 2015
 Kazakhstan 4.84 853 Asia Central Asia 2015
 Kyrgyzstan 5.12 304 Asia Central Asia 2015
 Tajikistan 1.44 117 Asia Central Asia 2013
 Turkmenistan 4.20 225 Asia Central Asia 2015
 Uzbekistan 2.99 893 Asia Central Asia 2015
 China 0.74 10,083 Asia Eastern Asia 2014 notes
 Hong Kong 0.30 22 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 Macao 0.17 1 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 North Korea 4.41 1,110 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 Japan 0.31 395 Asia Eastern Asia 2014
 Mongolia 7.23 214 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 South Korea 0.74 372 Asia Eastern Asia 2014
 Taiwan 0.82 192 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 Brunei 0.49 2 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2013
 Cambodia 1.84 268 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
 East Timor 3.69 39 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2010
 Indonesia 0.50 1,277 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
 Laos 6.87 467 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Malaysia 1.92 540 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2010
 Myanmar 2.42 1,304 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Philippines 9.84 9,756 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
 Singapore 0.25 14 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Thailand 3.51 2,387 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Vietnam 1.52 1,358 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
 Afghanistan 6.55 1,948 Asia Southern Asia 2012 notes
 Bangladesh 2.51 4,035 Asia Southern Asia 2015
 Bhutan 2.75 21 Asia Southern Asia 2014
 India 3.21 41,623 Asia Southern Asia 2014
 Iran 4.12 3,259 Asia Southern Asia 2015
 Maldives 0.85 3 Asia Southern Asia 2013
   Nepal 2.27 639 Asia Southern Asia 2014
 Pakistan 7.81 13,846 Asia Southern Asia 2012 notes
 Sri Lanka 2.91 598 Asia Southern Asia 2013
 Armenia 2.45 74 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Azerbaijan 2.45 236 Asia Western Asia 2014
 Bahrain 0.54 7 Asia Western Asia 2011
 Cyprus 1.29 15 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Georgia 2.68 108 Asia Western Asia 2014
 Iraq 8.0 2,628 Asia Western Asia 2012 notes
 Israel 1.36 110 Asia Western Asia 2015 notes
 Jordan 2.00 144 Asia Western Asia 2013
 Kuwait 1.78 61 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Lebanon 3.95 231 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Palestine 0.60 26 Asia Western Asia 2012 notes
 Oman 1.06 34 Asia Western Asia 2011
 Qatar 8.10 181 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Saudi Arabia 1.50 472 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Syria 2.23 463 Asia Western Asia 2010 notes
 Turkey 4.30 3,216 Asia Western Asia 2012
 United Arab Emirates 0.66 60 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Yemen 6.67 1,703 Asia Western Asia 2013
 Belarus 3.58 340 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Bulgaria 1.80 129 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Czech Republic 0.75 79 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Hungary 1.48 146 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Poland 0.74 286 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Moldova 3.19 130 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Romania 1.49 291 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Russia 11.31 16,232 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Slovakia 0.88 48 Europe Eastern Europe 2015
 Ukraine 4.36 1,988 Europe Eastern Europe 2010
 Denmark 0.99 56 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Estonia 3.20 42 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Finland 1.60 88 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Iceland 0.91 3 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Ireland 0.64 30 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Latvia 4.11 81 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Lithuania 5.98 172 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Norway 0.56 29 Europe Northern Europe 2014
 Sweden 1.15 112 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 United Kingdom 0.92 594 Europe Northern Europe 2014
 Albania 2.28 117 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Andorra 0.00 0 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.50 57 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Croatia 0.87 37 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Greece 0.85 93 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Italy 0.78 469 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Kosovo 1.60 30 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Malta 0.96 4 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Montenegro 2.72 17 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Portugal 0.97 100 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 San Marino 0.00 0 Europe Southern Europe 2011
 Serbia 1.13 100 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Slovenia 1.21 25 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Spain 0.66 303 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Macedonia 1.59 33 Europe Southern Europe 2014
 Austria 0.51 44 Europe Western Europe 2015
 Belgium 1.95 220 Europe Western Europe 2015
 France 1.58 1,017 Europe Western Europe 2015
 Germany 0.85 682 Europe Western Europe 2015
 Liechtenstein 0.00 0 Europe Western Europe 2015
 Luxembourg 0.72 4 Europe Western Europe 2014
 Monaco 0.00 0 Europe Western Europe 2008
 Netherlands 0.61 104 Europe Western Europe 2015
  Switzerland 0.69 57 Europe Western Europe 2015
 Australia 0.98 236 Oceania Australasia 2015
 New Zealand 0.91 41 Oceania Australasia 2014
 Fiji 2.97 26 Oceania Melanesia 2012
 New Caledonia (France) 3.29 8 Oceania Melanesia 2009
 Papua New Guinea 10.42 713 Oceania Melanesia 2010
 Solomon Islands 3.77 19 Oceania Melanesia 2008
 Vanuatu 2.13 6 Oceania Melanesia 2015
 Guam (US) 2.49 4 Oceania Micronesia 2011
 Kiribati 7.50 8 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Marshall Islands 4.68 2 Oceania Micronesia 2013
 Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.67 5 Oceania Micronesia 2015
 Nauru 1.31 x Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Palau 3.11 1 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Cook Islands 3.06 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 French Polynesia (France) 0.38 1 Oceania Polynesia 2009
 Niue 3.07 x Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Samoa 3.15 6 Oceania Polynesia 2013
 Tonga 0.95 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Tuvalu 20.28 2 Oceania Polynesia 2012

Notes[edit]

Return to top of main table.

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n The main table in this article uses only the latest homicide data that UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) has published at UNODC Statistics Online. It has some 2013, 2014, and 2015 data for some countries. See the homicide submenu of the Crime and Criminal Justice menu. Click on "Homicide counts and rates (2000-2015)". Choose region or the whole world. Download the PDF or Excel files. Or run the report in your browser. Check the box to open in a new tab so that the table is created without the intrusive sidebar. It takes awhile to load, and there may be no indicator at first. Save the page to save future loading time. The 2013 PDF full report (Global Study on Homicide) has a methodological annex (pages 109ff) and a statistical annex (pages 121ff). The statistical annex has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country with data from 2000–2012. Use the "rotate view" command in your PDF reader. Map 7.2 on page 112 is a world map showing the homicide count for each country or territory. Page 21 states estimated total homicides of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact rates and counts by regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Figure 1.16 on page 34 shows timeline graphs by subregion.
  2. ^ Richards, Patsy (27 May 1999). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). London, UK: House of Commons of the United Kingdom library, Social and general statistics section.  See page 7 for section called "Definition of the offence of homicide". See page 29 for table of nations and homicide rates for the years 1994-97. It also has further info on how homicide is defined across countries.
  3. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies. 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. 
  4. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news. ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4. 
  5. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark. ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7. 
  6. ^ Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (PDF) (report). Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67ff. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. data from 2004-2007 . The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  7. ^ Intentional homicide count and rate per 100,000 population, by country/territory (2000-2012). Data (in spreadsheet format) for UNODC report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Linked from Global Study on Homicide - Data: UNODC Homicide Statistics 2013
  8. ^ 2011 Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. "data from 2010 or latest available year". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Vienna, Austria.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick. Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Recorded Crime-Victims (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  12. ^ "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2016-12-03. 
  13. ^ Murder rate for 2015 and 2016 calculated with statistics provided by the National System of Public Security and the 2015 Census published by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography. "2015 Census". National Institute of Statistics and Geography. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Murder rate for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 calculated with statistics provided by the National System of Public Security and the 2010 Census published by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography. "2010 Census". National Institute of Statistics and Geography. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2010" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2011" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2012" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2013" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2014" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2015" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Ordinary Crime Statistics 2016" (PDF). National System of Public Security. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  23. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  24. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 

External links[edit]